The Role of the Ahl al-Bayt in Building the Virtuous Community Volume 1

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The Role of the Ahl al-Bayt in Building the Virtuous Community Author:
Translator: Badr Shahin
Publisher: ABWA Publishing and Printing Center
Category: Various Books

The Role of the Ahl al-Bayt in Building the Virtuous Community

Author: Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Al-Hakim
Translator: Badr Shahin
Publisher: ABWA Publishing and Printing Center

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The Role of the Ahl al-Bayt in Building the Virtuous Community

The Role of the Ahl al-Bayt in Building the Virtuous Community Volume 1

Publisher: ABWA Publishing and Printing Center


All volumes of this book are taken from

The Role of The Ahl Al-Bayt in Building The Virtuous Community Book One: Goals And Characteristics

Author(s): Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Al-Hakim

Translator(s): Badr Shahin

Publisher(s): ABWA Publishing and Printing Center

Miscellaneous information:

The Role of the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) in Building the Virtuous Community, Book One: Goals and Characteristics Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Al-Hakim Project supervisor: Translation Unit, Cultural Affairs Department Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) World Assembly (ABWA) Translator: Badr Shahin Editor: Iffat Shah and Carol Ahmadi Revised by: Ashraf Carl Eastman Ahmadi Publisher: ABWA Publishing and Printing Center First Printing: 2011 © Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) World Assembly (ABWA) All rights reserved.

ن ام كتاب: دور أهل البيت (ع) في بناء الجماعة الصالحة / ج 1 نويسنده: آية الله سيد محمد باقر الحكيم تهيه كننده: اداره ترجمه، اداره كل پژوهش مجمع جهاني اهل بيت (ع) مترجم: بدر شاهين زبان ترجمه: انگليسى


This version is published on behalf of

The composing errors are not corrected.

Table of Contents

Publisher’s Foreword 7

Preface by the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) World Assembly 9

Notes 12

Introduction 13

Significance of the Ahl al-Bayt’s Thesis 13

Ahl al-Bayt (‘a): The Most Important Pillar 13

Actuality of the Ahl al-Bayt’s Role 15

Development of Studies about the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) 15

Prospects for Research on Heritage of Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) 17

The Ahl al-Bayt’s Role in Islamic Life 18

Some Difficulties 19

Arrangement of the Books 20

Notes 22

Preamble 24

Note 25

Chapter 1: Goals Of Building The Virtuous Community 26

Contribution to the Islamic Leadership (Assuming the Islamic Government) 26

The Role of the Elite during the Reign of the First Three Caliphs 28

The Role of the Elite during Imam ‘Ali’s Reign 29

Examples of Notable Men 29

Preserving the Muslim Community 30

Defending the Muslim Society 30

Presenting a Righteous Example 31

Islamic Unity 32

Fundamentalism and High Moral Standards 33

Humanity and Internationality 34

Sacrifice and Readiness for Martyrdom 34

Safeguarding Islamic Law Against Distortion 35

Principle of Resistance 35

Ijtihad in the frame of the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah 36

Freedom of Thought 36

Piety and Decency 36

Recording and Upholding the Muslim Heritage 37

Preliminary Steps Towards the Advent 37

The Advent is a Vital Concept 39

Responsibility and Will to Change 39

Return to Genuine Islam 39

Notes 40

Chapter 2: Characteristics Of The Virtuous Community 42

Sound Belief 42

Turning to the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) to Obtain Religious Knowledge 45

Understanding the Holy Qur’an 45

Acquaintance with the Holy Sunnah 46

Acting upon the Verdicts of an Upright, Living, Well-Versed Jurisprudent 46

Commitment to the Highest Rank of Human Perfection 47

Worship and Asceticism 48

Practical Belief in Wilayah 52

Cordial and Practical Devotion to Almighty Allah 53

Acting as Excellent Exemplars 54

Steadfastness 55

Keeping the Entity Strongly Perfected 57

Standing by the Believers 58

Undertaking Public Responsibilities 59

Notes 59

Publisher’s Foreword

The invaluable legacy of the Household [Ahl al-Bayt] of the Prophet (may peace be upon them all), as preserved by their followers, is a comprehensive school of thought that embraces all branches of Islamic knowledge. This school has produced many brilliant scholars who have drawn inspiration from this rich and pure resource. It has given many scholars to the Muslim ummah who, following in the footsteps of Imams of the Prophet’s Household (‘a), have done their best to clear up the doubts raised by various creeds and currents within and without Muslim society and to answer their questions. Throughout the past centuries, they have given well-reasoned answers and clarifications concerning these questions and doubts.

To meet the responsibilities assigned to it, the Ahl al-Bayt World Assembly (ABWA) has embarked on a defence of the sanctity of the Islamic message and its verities, often obscured by the partisans of various sects and creeds as well as by currents hostile to Islam. The Assembly follows in the footsteps of the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) and the disciples of their school of thought in its readiness to confront these challenges and tries to be on the frontline in consonance with the demands of every age.

The arguments contained in the works of the scholars belonging to the School of the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) are of unique significance. That is because they are based on genuine scholarship and appeal to reason, and avoid prejudice and bias. These arguments address scholars and thinkers in a manner that appeals to healthy minds and wholesome human nature.

To assist the seekers of truth, the Ahl al-Bayt World Assembly has endeavored to present a new phase of these arguments contained in the studies and translations of the works of contemporary Shi‘ah writers and those who have embraced this sublime school of thought through divine blessing.

The Assembly is also engaged in edition and publication of the valuable works of leading Shi‘ah scholars of earlier ages to assist the seekers of the truth in discovering the truths which the School of the Prophet’s Household (‘a) has offered to the entire world.

The Ahl al-Bayt World Assembly looks forward to benefit from the opinions of the readers and their suggestions and constructive criticism in this area.

We also invite scholars, translators and other institutions to assist us in propagating the genuine Islamic teachings as preached by the Prophet Muhammad (S).

We beseech God, the Most High, to accept our humble efforts and to enable us to enhance them under the auspices of Imam al-Mahdi, His vicegerent on the earth (may Allah expedite his advent).

We express our gratitude to Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Al-Hakim, the author of the present book, and Badr Shahin, its translator. We also thank our colleagues who have participated in producing this work, especially the staff of the Translation Office.

Cultural Affairs Department

Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) World Assembly

Preface by the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) World Assembly

The Holy Messenger of Allah (S)1 is reported to have said,

أَقْرَبُ النَّاسِ مِنْ دَرَجَةِ النُّبُوَّةِ أَهْلُ الْعِلْمِ وَالْجِهَادِ

The people closest to the rank of Prophets are the people of knowledge and jihad (utmost endeavor).2

Imam ‘Ali Amir al-Mu'minin (the Commander of the Faithful) (‘a) is also reported as saying,

اَلْعُلَمَاءُ بَاقُونَ مَا بَقِيَ الدَّهْرُ… أُولَئِكَ خُلَفَاءُ اللهِ فِي أَرْضِهِ وَالدُّعَاةُ إلَى دِينِهِ، آهٍ آهٍ شَوْقاً إلَى رُؤْيَتِهِمْ

The knowledgeable people are as endless as time. They are the representatives of Allah on the earth, and inviters to His religion. Oh! How eager am I to see them!3

Peace and blessings of Allah and of His Apostle be upon the pure souls of the martyrs, especially the students of the Seminary (Hawzah). Peace be upon the immortal men of religion who aroused enthusiasm in others, wrote down their academic and practical theses with their martyrdoms and the ink of their blood and transformed their lives into brilliant gems on the pulpits in order to guide others.

Peace and immortality be upon the martyrs and the spiritualists among the students of the Hawzah who left their schools in order to join the fields of jihad, shed off any thing that connected them to worldly ambitions and set forth to join the immortal group of divine people.

Peace be upon those who unveiled true religious knowledge and became honest warners for their people, whose every act and intention testified practically to all parts of their discourses. In all honesty, the true men of the religion of Islam, and Shi’ism in particular, who guide others to the straight path and encourage them to tread the difficult path of truth ultimately become the foremost victims and seal their books of deeds with their blood.

Indeed, those who attended the classes of the spiritual masters of the Hawzah have not been heard hoping for anything other than martyrdom, since they, having enjoyed the highest ranks of sincere connection with their Lord, always pray to Almighty Allah to confer martyrdom.4

It is now fourteen years since the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) World Assembly was founded. Throughout this period, its one and only endeavor has been to spare no efforts in the propagation of Islamic culture and knowledge, defending the sanctity of the Holy Qur’an and the Holy Sunnah5 , as well as the entity and the rights of the Ahl al-Bayt’s6 followers. By pursuing this goal, we hope to attain the rank aspired by the leader, the Grand Ayatullah Sayyid al-Khamene'i - may Allah perpetuate his blessings on us.

In view of the above, the Assembly has shown remarkable activity in the fields of Islamic research, inquiry, teaching, and propagation as well as many other related fields.

Taking upon itself the mission of honoring the scholars and those who devoted themselves to defending the genuine principles of Islam, the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) World Assembly is proud to hold a conference to honor martyr Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim, the vice-chairman of the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) World Assembly.

It goes without saying that martyr Ayatullah al-Hakim was outstandingly well versed in both Islamic knowledge and policy not only in Iran and the Shi’ite world but also in the entire Islamic world. Unquestionably, his endeavors were the main impetus for the pressures that removed the Baathist regime that ruled Iraq so mercilessly.

This divine leader undertook the mission of spreading the Ahl al-Bayt’s culture through his wide-ranging activities that included teaching, writing and delivering lectures on various occasions. His writings, some of which have been published and others that are to be published in the future, stand as witnesses to testify to his efforts in these fields.

According to the saying that “the affairs of both religion and the world stand on two things - a pen and a sword behind the pen,” martyr Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim was armed with both pen and sword. His pen is still overflowing with wisdom and knowledge that are like unsheathed swords waiting for a signal from him to fight again as they had previously fought against infidelity and challenged persecution and oppression.

A Hadith holds that the Holy Prophet (S) said,

ثَلاَثٌ تَخْرِقُ الْحُجُبَ وَتَنْتَهِي إلَى مَا بَيْنَ يَدَيِ اللهِ: صَرِيرُ أَقْلاَمِ الْعُلَمَاءِ، وَوَطْءُ أَقْدَامِ الْمُجَاهِدِينَ …

Three things penetrate the Veils (of Divinity) and stand directly before Almighty Allah. These are the susurrations of the scholars’ pens, the steps of the warriors (for the sake of Almighty Allah)… etc.

Correspondingly, the susurrations of martyr Ayatullah al-Hakim’s pen and his steps on the path of jihad were so well known in the east and the west of the globe that the gates of martyrdom were wide open before him. After twenty-five years of exile and alienation from his homeland, martyr Sayyid al-Hakim returned immediately after the collapse of the Baathist regime in Iraq. He aimed at residing in the vicinity of the holy shrines of his immaculate forefathers, living amongst the Iraqi people who were severely tormented and persecuted, reconstructing all that was demolished by the infidels and transgressors.

From the sacred minbar (i.e. pulpit) of the Congregational Friday Prayer, he delivered sermons full of admonition and guidance to spread awareness among the faithful. Thus, the people’s love for him augmented day by day. Unfortunately, this brilliant lantern was extinguished by the harbingers of gloom who could not tolerate such luminosity. They stretched forth their treacherous hands to end his life immediately after he had finished his prayer on Friday beside the holy mausoleum of his forefather, Imam ‘Ali Amir al-Mu'minin (‘a). Sayyid al-Hakim embraced the great victory of martyrdom after an extraordinary journey, full of strife. In truth, Sayyid al-Hakim did not die, because martyrs are forever alive and provided sustenance from their Lord. Although we can no longer see the person of Sayyid al-Hakim, he is present with us constantly illuminating our lives.

The Grand Ayatullah Sayyid al-Khamene'i said about Sayyid al-Hakim,

“This dear martyr was both a scholar and a warrior (for Islam). He challenged the oppressive regime of Saddam for many long years. When this sign of evil and transgression collapsed, Sayyid al-Hakim acted as an invincible wall in the face of the occupiers - the Americans and the English. He resisted ill-omened plans and prepared for martyrdom in the long path of jihad to join the caravan of martyrs from the family of al-Hakim along with other martyrs of knowledge and virtue in Iraq.”

The Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) World Assembly, in co-operation with other foundations, held a conference on the anniversary of the passing of this ‘martyr of the prayer-niche’ (shahid al-mihrab), Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim, on the eighteenth of Rajab, 1425 AH, in Tehran, the capital of the Islamic Republic of Iran. This conference was attended by a group of eminent Muslim scholars who delivered speeches for the occasion.

The consequent activities of the Cultural Committee of this conference can be classified in two sections:

The first section: Reprinting a group of the writings of Sayyid al-Hakim, as follows:

(1) The two-volume book entitled, ‘dawr ahl al-bayt fi bina' al-jama’ah al-salihah’ (The Role of the Ahl al-Bayt in Building the Virtuous Community).

(2) The book entitled, ‘al-wihdah al-islamiyyah min manzur al-thaqalayn’ (Islamic Unity from the Perspective of the Two Weighty Things - i.e. the Holy Qur’an and the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a)).

(3) The book, ‘‘Ulum al-Qur’an’ (Sciences of the Qur’an) in cooperation with the Assembly of Islamic Thought (Majma’ al-Fikr al-Islami).

(4) The book entitled, ‘Tafsir Surat al-Hamd’ (Exegesis of the Opening Chapter) in cooperation with the Assembly of Islamic Thought.

(5) The book, ‘al-Qasas al-Qur’ani’ (Narratives of the Qur’an) in cooperation with the International Center for Islamic Studies (al-Markaz al-’Alami li’l-Dirasat al-Islamiyyah).

(6) The book entitled, ‘al-Ukhuwwah al-«maniyyah’ (Brotherhood-in-faith) in cooperation with Dar al-Ghadir Foundation.

(7) The book, ‘Thawrat al-Husayn’ (The Revolution of Imam al-Husayn (‘a)) in cooperation with Imam al-Husayn (‘a) Foundation.

Second Section: Preparation and distribution of compact disks (CD’s) comprising Sayyid al-Hakim’s books, which will be offered at the conference. The CD will include:

(1) The life account of martyr Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim by the Approximation of the Islamic Sects Assembly (majma’ al-taqrib bayna al-madhahib al-islamiyyah)

(2) The book entitled, ‘al-Arba’ata ‘Ashara Manahija wa Ru’a’ (Fourteen Methods and Standpoints) by the Foundation for Printing the Writings and Works of Martyr Ayatullah al-Hakim, in cooperation with the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) World Assembly.

(3) The book entitled, ‘Shuhada' al-’Ilm wa’l-Fadhilah fi’l-’Iraq’ (Martyrs of Knowledge and Virtue in Iraq) by the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) World Assembly. This book comprises the life accounts of 120 Iraqi scholars who were martyred. It is presented in two languages - Arabic and Persian.

(4) A complete collection of Sayyid al-Hakim’s writings and works

Finally, I express my deepest gratitude and appreciation to all the cultural and executive offices that have extended aid in holding this conference and all their esteemed representatives who have participated in the preparatory sessions and meetings for the conference.

I pray that Almighty Allah lead all the adherents of the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) to greater success and include them all among the helpers of His Representative, the Patron of the Age, Imam al-Mahdi - may Allah hasten his relief.

Muhammad Hasan Tashayyu’

Cultural Assistant of the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) World Assembly


1. - For maintaining readability, (S) which is an acronym for “salla allahu ‘alayhi wa alihi” is used throughout the book to denote "May Allah bless him and his Household.”

2. - Muhammad al-Rayshahri 3:2067.

3. - Nahj al-Balaghah, Saying No. 147,

4. - Imam al-Khumayni’s Epistle to the Faculties of the Religious Studies; Isphand, AH 1367 (February/March 1989 CE).

5. - The Holy Sunnah, being the second major reference of Islamic legislation, stands for the Prophet Muhammad’s words, acts, and confirmations.

6. - The Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) (People of the House) is a term dedicated to the family of the Holy Prophet (S). More precisely, it is dedicated to definite individuals; namely, Imam ‘Ali ibn Abi-Talib, Fatimah al-Zahra’ (the Holy Prophet’s daughter and Imam ‘Ali’s wife), al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali, and al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali. The nine Immaculate Imams (namely, ‘Ali ibn al-Husayn al-Sajjad, Muhammad ibn ‘Ali al-Baqir, Ja’far ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq, Musa ibn Ja’far al-Kazim, ‘Ali ibn Musa al-Ridha, Muhammad ibn ‘Ali al-Jawad, ‘Ali ibn Muhammad al-Hadi, al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali al-’Askari, and al-Mahdi the Awaited) are also among the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a).