Ramadhan With The Holy Qur’an [30 Lessons in 30 days]

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Ramadhan With The Holy Qur’an [30 Lessons in 30 days] Author:
Translator: S.L. Al-Hakim
Publisher: www.al-islam.org
Category: Supplications and Ziyarat
ISBN: 978-600-5421-36-1

Ramadhan With The Holy Qur’an [30 Lessons in 30 days]

Author: Muhsin Qara'ati
Translator: S.L. Al-Hakim
Publisher: www.al-islam.org
Category:

ISBN: 978-600-5421-36-1
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Ramadhan With The Holy Qur’an [30 Lessons in 30 days]

Ramadhan With The Holy Qur’an [30 Lessons in 30 days]

Author:
Publisher: www.al-islam.org
ISBN: 978-600-5421-36-1
English

www.alhassanain.org/english

Ramadhan With The Holy Qur’an

[30 Lessons in 30 days]

Author(s): Muhsin Qara'ati

Translator(s): S.L. Al-Hakim

www.alhassanain.org/english

Thirty lessons for youth written as an easy but comprehensive guide throughout the Holy Month of Ramadhan in order to give them a gist of the great religion of Islam and its teachings produced from the words of the Holy Qur’an and exegesis as well as points from traditions and narrations from the Divine Purified Household.

Miscellaneous information:

Ramadhan With The Holy Qur’an, 30 Lessons in 30 days By Mohsen Gharaati Translated by S.L. Al-Hakim ISBN of Translated Book: 978-600-5421-36-1, 2013. Images used compliments of Amin Daryanavart Arts @amindaryanavard on Telegram. For information on Hujjat Al Islam Mohsen Gharaati, please visit http://gharaati.ir/ Translators contact: @SamerHakim on Telegram Islamic Republic of Iran: +98 902 1 505 247 Australia: +61 432 44 11 96

Notice:

This version is published on behalf of www.alhassanain.org/english

The composing errors are not corrected.

Table of Contents

Author's note 10

Note 10

Translator’s Note 11

Lesson 1: Ramadhan 12

A Month Hosted By Allah 12

The Sermon of Sha’ban 13

Notes 15

Lesson 2: Fasting 16

Effects and Blessings of Fasting 16

Etiquette And Conditions Of Observing Fast 17

Breaking The Fast 17

Notes 18

Lesson 3: Contemplation in The Holy Qur’an 19

Complaint from The Forlorn Holy Qur’an 19

The Necessity For Contemplation In The Holy Qur’an 20

Note 21

Lesson 4: Points About The Qur’an 22

A Book With Dignity 22

The Miracle of The Holy Qur’an 23

The Distinction Of Qur’anic Stories 25

Variety of Reciters of The Holy Qur’an 25

Note 25

Lesson 5: Supplication 26

The Importance of Supplication 26

The Attention of Allah To Those Who Supplicate 26

The Etiquette Of Supplication 27

I. Supplication must be with faith and deed 28

II. With sincerity 28

III. With humbleness and in secret 28

IV. With fear and hope 28

V. During some special hours 28

VI. The one who is supplicating should benefit from the heavenly divine names 28

The Beautiful Names of Allah 28

Notes 29

Lesson 6: Importance of Prayers 30

Luqman’s Advice 30

Note 32

Lesson 7: Enjoining The Good And Forbidding The Evil 33

Importance of Enjoining Good and Forbidding Evil 33

Manners and Conditions 34

Enjoining The Good, Is A Sign Of The Best Nation 34

Effects And Blessings 35

Notes 36

Lesson 8: Commentary On Surah Hamd 37

Likewise, the Prophet (pbuh) and his book is the source of Mercy 37

Educational Lessons From Surah Hamd 38

The Importance Of Bismil-Lah 38

The Straight Path 39

Wrath In The Holy Qur’an 40

Notes 40

Lesson 9: Night Prayers 42

Rising Early and Night Vigil 43

Notes 43

Lesson 10: The Two Forgotten Obligations 44

First: Islamic Tax (Zakat) 44

Second: Khums 46

Notes 47

Lesson 11: The Father and The Mother 48

An Extension Of The Meaning Of Parents 50

Notes 51

Lesson 12: Thankfulness and Gratitude 52

Thanking Allah 52

Examples Of Practical Gratitude 53

Gratitude In The Face Of Hardship 54

Notes 54

Lesson 13: Divine Delegates 56

Animals Are Divine Delegates 56

Lesson 14: All That Is Sacred In Islam 58

Respecting All That Is Sacred In Islam 58

Insulting The Prophet (pbuh), Allah’s Defence 60

Notes 61

Lesson 15: Migration 62

Migration For The Sake Of Religious Attainment 62

The Effects And Blessings Of Migration 64

Notes 65

Lesson 16: Exegesis Of Surah Qadr 66

The Angels in the Holy Qur’an 68

Notes 69

Lesson 17: Allah’s Decrees 70

Types of Decrees 70

Note 72

Lesson 18 The Purified Household 73

The Ayah of Purification 73

Answering Doubts 74

Notes 75

Lesson 19: Love for the Ahlul Bayt 76

Notes 79

Lesson 20: Imammat and Wilayet 80

The Final Message from The Prophet 80

The Wilayah/Guardianship Is the Perfection and Completion of The Message 81

Notes 83

Lesson 21: The Imam of The Time 84

Allah’s Successor in The World 84

Remnant of God 85

Lesson 22: Intercession 87

Intercession and Conditions of Intercession 87

Intercessors and those who Receive Intercession 87

Conditions for Receiving Intercession 88

Notes 89

Lesson 23: Sins And Disobedience 90

Kinds of Sins 90

The Effects of and Consequences of Sin 91

The Path to Restitution 91

Seeking Forgiveness 92

Note 94

Lesson 24: Repentance 95

The Features of Repentance in the Holy Qur’an 95

Conditions of The Acceptance of Repentance 96

Repentance Is Lifesaving 97

Lesson 25: The Return 99

Audit of the Day of Resurrection 99

Different Ways of Being Accountable 100

Scroll of Deeds 100

Witnesses of the Court Of Resurrection Day 100

Forgive Until Forgiven 101

Note 102

Lesson 26: Expenditure 103

Kinds of Expenditure 103

The Best Kind of Expenditure 103

A Sample Of The Expenditure Of The Believers 103

The Hand Of The Needy Is The Hand Of Allah 104

Martyrdom The Giving Of The Soul 104

The Best Deed 105

Notes 105

Lesson 27: The Mosque 107

The Importance of the Mosque 107

Maintenance and Prosperity 108

Adornments and the Mosque 109

Notes 110

Lesson 28: Etiquettes of Society 111

Our Selection of Friends 111

Brotherhood 111

The Rights of Our Brothers 112

Reconciliation and Peace 112

Religious Connections and Relationships 113

Notes 114

Lesson 29: Family 115

Responsibilities Of Society In Marrying The Youth 115

Kinds of Families in the Holy Qur’an 116

Responsibilities Within The Family 116

Notes 116

Lesson 30: The Festivities of the Liberated 118

The Liberated In The Qur’an 118

• Serve Allah 118

• Do deeds and work that is valuable 118

• Are not stingy 118

• Are with Allah 118

• Are people of Remembrance 118

• Are God wary 118

• Are strugglers 118

• Who repent 118

Ramadhan Eid: A Reward from Allah 119

Remembering the Resurrection 119

Remembering Those before Us 120

Notes 120

Author's note

All Praise Is To Allah, The Sustainer Of The Worlds, And May Allah’s Blessings Be Upon Mohammad And His Purified Household.

Dear Reader,

Peace Be Upon You

In the Holy Month of Ramadhan, 13921 , friends came up with the idea of a small booklet be produced for the Qur’anic Competition that was small, easy to read and understand based on the Exegesis of Noor with some alterations as needed.

The thirty lessons of this booklet, Ramadhan With The Holy Qur’an, has been produced from the words of the Holy Qur’an and exegesis as well as points from traditions and narrations from the Divine Purified Household. We hope that the choices made and summary produced is a step towards being more familiar with the Holy Qur’an and Narrations and be a means of saving your precious time in this fast-paced world.

We wish you all the Allah accepts your sincerity and give you blessings and accepts your worship and efforts in the Holy Month of Ramadhan and all other months and hope these lines and efforts are appreciated and we ask from all, for I am in need of it, your prayers and supplications.

Mohsen Gharaati

Note

1. July/August 2013

Translator’s Note

In The Name Of Allah Most Merciful, Compassionate

Thanks to the All Mighty Lord and praise and blessings to the Prophet and his Pure Progeny peace be upon them and may the return of Imam Al-Mahdi(pbuh) Our Savior, be hastened in this troubled world, for surely, the time for his return is soon, although the enemy sees it as far.

Forgiveness is sought for any shortcomings in the translation of this work, firstly from the Merciful Allah, from the Prophet’ and from his Pure Progeny and from the author of the work.

This translation is, first and foremost, dedicated toSyeda Fatima Massooma, Peace and Blessings Upon Her . And my father and mother, whose unwavering support keeps me strong, as well as my brother and sister, and my wife for overviewing the translation.

After over a year of working slowly but surely, this translation has finally come to an end as the second translation of a series of booklets published by the author. His works are easy to understand and answer some complex questions in a simple manner, bringing to light to the youth the essence of faith in a bite sized format that’s easy to swallow.

We hope this translation reflects those efforts, and we ask for your prayers.

S.L. Al-Hakim

Tuesday, 24 October 2017

Lesson 1: Ramadhan

A Month Hosted By Allah

{شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِىٓ أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْءَانُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَٰتٍ مِّنَ الْهُدَىٰ وَالْفُرْقَانِ فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَىٰكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ}

“The month of Ramadhan, wherein the Holy Qur’an was sent down to be a guidance to the people, and as clear signs of the Guidance and the Salvation. So let those of you, who are present at the month, fast it; and if any of you be sick, or if he be on a journey, then a number of other days; God desires ease for you, and desires not hardship for you; and that you fulfil the number, and magnify God that He has guided you, and haply you will be thankful.” (Surah Al Baqarah 2:185).

Ramadhan is a word that comes from the root word "رَمض " which means to burn, but a burning which is not accompanied by smoke and ash. The reason for this name is that in the month of Ramadhan, the sins of mankind are burnt and destroyed.

The month of Ramadhan is the month in which the Holy Qur’an was sent down and is the only month that has been named in the Holy Qur’an. The Night of Qadr (commonly translated to the Night of Power) is also in this month. The Prophet said that “All of the divine books were sent down during the month of Ramadhan, the best of Allah’s months”.1 On the last Friday in the month of Sha’ban (the month before Ramadhan), a detailed speech was delivered by the Prophet regarding the significance of the month of Ramadhan which is made available to us through some of the commentaries of the Holy Qur’an and through books of narrations. Also in the Sahifa Sajjadia, Imam Sajjad (pbuh) greets this Holy Month with a supplication and farewells it with a heart wrenching supplication.

In Ramadhan, believers are invited as guests to hosted by Allah (Swt) with the following Ayah of the Qur’an:

{يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ}

O believers, prescribed for you is the Fast, even as it was prescribed for those that were before you - haply you will be Godfearing - Surah Al Baqarah 2:183

And this invitation has the following special characteristics:

1. The host is Allah (swt) and the guests have been personally invited.

2. The reception is made up of the Night of Qadr, the sending of the Holy Qur’an, the landing of the Angels, the answers to supplications, the beneficence of the soul, and to be distanced from the Hell-fire.

3. The time and duration of the reception is the month of Ramadhan, which according to narrations, the first of which is mercy, the middle of which is forgiveness, and the conclusion of which is reward.

4. The way the guests are greeted in the Night of Power is one guarantees the provisions for guests for the one year and the earth is decorated with the descending of the Angels to it.

5. The food served in this month is nutrition for the soul which is needed for spiritual growth, not food for the body. The benefit of the food of this month, which are the Ayahs of the Holy Qur’an for which the recitation of one Ayah in the month of Ramadhan, is equivalent to the recitation of the entire Holy Qur’an during other months.

This invitation cannot be compared to or be likened to any worldly invitation; the All Knowledgeable, Needless, Creator, Everlasting, Beloved, Exalted, is the host for mankind who are ignorant, poor, perishable, created, servile and needy.

In Wasa’il Al Shia2 , in detailed narrations of the characteristics of a fasting person, we read “A fasting person must avoid lying, sin, dispute, jealousy, back biting, opposing the truth, swearing, blaming, anger, sarcasm, oppression, abusing people, neglect, being social with those who sin, slander and gossip, eating non-permissible things, while paying special attention with regards to prayers, patience, truthfulness and being in constant remembrance of the Day of Resurrection”.

Conditions of entry in to the reception is not only the withstanding of hunger. We read in narrations “anyone who does not obey the Divine Guide in relation to personal and family matters, behaves badly and without mercy with their spouse, and/or refuses legitimate means of obtaining their needs or wants, and/or if the parents are not happy with them, the fasting of that person is not accepted nor have the conditions of being a guest been fulfilled.

The value of Ramadhan, is with the descending of the Holy Qur’an. The worth of the human can also come with some penetration of the Holy Qur’an inside them.

The Sermon of Sha’ban

Imam Ali (pbuh) narrates that the Prophet (pbuh), on the last Friday of Sha’ban3 , gave a speech in which after he Praised Allah (swt), he stated4 :

“O People !

“Indeed ahead of you is the blessed month of Allah. A month of blessing, mercy and forgiveness. A month which with Allah is the best of months. Its days, the best of days, its nights, the best of nights, and its hours, the best of hours. It is the month which invites you to be the guests of Allah and invites you to be one of those near to Him. Each breath you take glorifies him; your sleep is worship, your deeds are accepted and your supplications are answered.

So, ask Allah, your Lord; to give you a sound body and an enlightened heart so you may be able to fast and recite his book, for only he is unhappy who is devoid of Allah’s forgiveness during this great month. Remember the hunger and thirst of the day of Qiyamah (Judgement) with your hunger and thirst; give alms to the needy and poor, honor your old, show kindness to the young ones, maintain relations with your blood relations; guard your tongues, close your eyes to that which is not permissible for your sight, close your ears to that which is forbidden to hear, show compassion to the orphans of people so compassion may be shown to your orphans.

Repent to Allah for your sins and raise your hands in dua during these times, for they are the best of times and Allah looks towards his creatures with kindness, replying to them during the hours and granting their needs if he is asked...

“O People! Indeed your souls are dependent on your deeds, free it with Istighfar (repentance) lighten its loads by long prostrations; and know that Allah swears by his might: That there is no punishment for the one who prays and prostrates and he shall have no fear of the fire on the day when man stands before the Lord of the worlds.

“O People! One who gives Iftaar to a fasting person during this month will be like one who has freed someone and his past sins will be forgiven.

Some of the people who were there then asked the Prophet (s): “Not all of us are able to invite those who are fasting?”

The Prophet (s) replied: “Allah gives this reward even if the Iftaar (meal) is a drink of water.”

“One who has good morals (Akhlaq) during this month will be able to pass the ‘Siraat’...on the day that feet will slip...

“One who covers the faults of others will benefit in that Allah will curb His anger on the day of Judgement...

“As for one who honors an orphan; Allah will honor him on the day of judgement,

“And for the one who spreads his kindness, Allah will spread His mercy over him on the day of Judgement.

“As for the one who cuts the ties of relation; Allah will cut His mercy from him...

“Who so ever performs a recommended prayer in this month Allah will keep the fire of Hell away from him...

“Whoever performs an obligatory prayer Allah will reward him with seventy prayers [worth] in this month.

“And who so ever prays a lot during this month will have his load lightened on the day of measure.

“He who recites one verse of the Holy Qur’an will be given the rewards of reciting the hole Holy Qur’an during other months.

“O People! Indeed during this month the doors of heaven are open, therefore ask Allah not to close them for you; The doors of hell are closed, so ask Allah to keep them closed for you. During this month Shaytan (Saten) is imprisoned so ask your Lord not to let him have power over you.”

Imam Ali then asked the Prophet(pbuh) what the best deed is for this Holy Month? To which the Prophet replied - Oh Abu Al-Hassan, the best deed is Taqwa (the love of and fear from Allah (swt) and abstaining from that which has been forbidden by Him. After his response, the Prophet started crying, and when Imam Ali (pbuh) asked why… the Prophet(pbuh) replied: Oh Ali, I can see what will happen to you during this Holy Month, while you pray, the most wretched will strike you on the head and your beard will be coloured by the blood of your head. Imam Ali (pbuh) asked if his religion at that point will be protected?

أفي سلامةٍ من ديني؟

The Prophet (pbuh) replied affirmatively, adding:

“Oh Ali, whoever kills you will have killed me, and whoever angers you will have angered me, and whoever becomes your enemy will have become my enemy. That’s because you are from me, your soul is from my soul and your presence is from my presence”

Of course, we must monitor ourselves to be sure to supplicate, worship in an appropriate manner and without causing a racket, nor be bad mannered towards family and friends or be wasteful or extravagant, unjust as guests and during the breakfast (after a long day fast), so that not only will we reap no rewards from our fast but we will have committed a heavier sin.

Notes

1. (Al Burhan - البرهان فى تفسير القرآن‏ )

2. ( Wasa'il Al Shia وسائل الشيعة ‎ )

3. The lunar month just before the Holy Month of Ramadhan.

4. Translation compliments of Al-Islam.org, Supplications for the Month of Ramadhan. Available from http://www.al-islam.org/supplications-month-ramadhan/sermon-given-prophe..., date cited 01/02/16.

Lesson 2: Fasting

Effects and Blessings of Fasting

{يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ}

O believers, prescribed for you is the Fast, even as it was prescribed for those that were before you - haply you will be god-fearing (Al Baqarah 2:183).

“Taqwa” is with the meaning of holding yourself back from sin. Most sin originate from two sources; anger and desire, and fasting controls those two instincts and so reduces corruption and adds to “Taqwa”.

God consciousness and the fear of God, or Taqwa, is the most important externally apparent and internally hidden result of fasting.

Fasting is the sole worship which can go unnoticed and hidden from others. Prayer, pilgrimage, Jihad (religious struggle), Islamic Tax (Zakat)1 and khums2 can all be seen by others, but fasting is not something that can be seen. Fasting strengthens the will of human beings.

Someone who for one month can refrain from bread and water and their spouse, can control themselves with respect to the property and chastity of others. Fasting is the cause of strengthening the feeling of kindness. Someone who for one month has tasted hunger and thirst, can feel the pain and understand the difficulty and struggle of hunger.

The Prophet (pbuh) stated that fasting is half of patience.

The fasting of the general population is that of the abstaining of bread, drink and spouse, however amongst the more noble, along with the abstinence of the items which break a fast, necessary is also the abstinence from sin, and the fast of those who are the noblest of the noble is not only abstinence of the items which break a fast, abstinence from sin, but also emptying the heart from everything but Allah (swt). Fasting makes people like angels, angels that are far off from eating, drinking, and desires.

The Prophet’ stated that anyone who fasts for the sake of Allah (swt), their entire sins will be forgiven. In the Holy Narration it is also stated that Allah (swt) stated

الصوم لي وأنا أجزي به

Fasting is for Me and I will reward for it.3

The importance of fasting is so much so that many of the rewards of worship in narrations are equated to the reward of observing fast. Although fasting was also prescribed for many nations before, the fasting of the Month of Ramadhan was specific to Prophets, and only became obligatory upon all with the Nation of Islam.

It has been narrated from the Prophet that he stated that for everything there is an Islamic Tax (Zakat), and the Islamic Tax (Zakat) of the body is fasting.4

Etiquette And Conditions Of Observing Fast

{أَيَّامًا مَّعْدُودَاتٍ فَمَن كاَنَ مِنكُم مَّرِيضًا أَوْ عَلىَ‏ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ وَ عَلىَ الَّذِينَ يُطِيقُونَهُ فِدْيَةٌ طَعَامُ مِسْكِينٍ فَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيرْاً فَهُوَ خَيرٌ لَّهُ وَ أَن تَصُومُواْ خَيرٌ لَّكُمْ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ}

for days numbered; and if any of you be sick, or if he be on a journey, then a number of other days; and for those who are able to fast, a redemption by feeding a poor man. Yet better it is for him who volunteers good, and that you should fast is better for you, if you but know. (Al Baqarah 2:184)

Islam has a suitable law for every person and under every condition. In this Ayah, the law for those who are travelling, or are ill, and are able bodied have been clarified. If under certain conditions one is unable to fast, they must compensate for that fast on another occasion so that they may enjoy the benefits of fasting.

Surrendering to the Divine Laws has its merit. If the rule of observing fast is given, a fast must be observed and if the command is to break the fast, the fast must be broken. In Tafsir Majma’ Al Bayan ((مجمع البيان في تفسير القرآن ‎ it has been narrated that a group of the companions of the Prophet (pbuh) maintained their fast while travelling and did not desire to break it. The Prophet identified them as sinners. Imam Sadiq(pbuh) stated that if someone observes a fast during travel, I will not be praying upon his body the prayer of the deceased5 .

In any case, if the traveler or the sick observes a fast it is considered void and it must be compensated for later.6

Imam Sadi(pbuh) stated even if the mother is concerned about her breastmilk for her child, she must break her fast and this is a symbol of the kindness of Allah.7

Breaking The Fast

The Prophet’ stated that anyone who provides for others food or water to breakfast (after fasting) purchased with halal income, will have praise sent for them every hour by angels and on the Night of Power by Archangel Jibrael.8

Breaking the fast is one form of worship provided it is with purity and intention is solely for nearness to Allah.

إِنَّمَا نُطْعِمُكُمْ لِوَجْهِ اللَّـهِ

We feed you only for the Face (sake) of God. (Al Insan 76:9)

Providing breakfast to believers according to Imam Sadiq(pbuh) is like the Night Prayer which is a cause of salvation and prosperity.

المنجيات إطعام الطعام

Providing breakfast is a kind of honour and instilling happiness to believers.

Providing breakfast is a cause for softening of the heart, maintaining familial relations, cause for the removal of grudges and hypocrisy.

Providing breakfast is a source of forgiveness for oneself and family, and source of benefit and goodness to parents.

Providing breakfast is a vehicle for invitation and showing the right path and guidance.

The aim of providing breakfast must not be showing off.

The invitation to breakfast must not be only for the rich and those with status and position.

The dining table must not be one of crime or sin or despise and backbiting or provocation.

It must not be disrespectful and without manners and the guests not be greeted with contempt.

It must not be so decorated and beautified, vying with each other and competing with each other, and be conducted with jealousy.

It must not be accompanied with illogical remarks and harassment of the spouse and family and others.

It is narrated that the reward of one who provides breakfast to those who have observed the fast is like the reward of the have observed the fast.

Notes

1. Islamic Tax

2. Religiously compulsory charity on earnings in excess of one’s necessary expenditure.

3. (Tafsir Maraghi - تفسير المراغي )

4. (Bihar Al Anwar بحار الأنوار ‎ ) V60 P380

5. Similar to requiem prayer.

6. (Tafsīr Nūr al-Thaqalayn - تـفـسـيـر نـور الـثـقـلـيـن )

7. (Al Burhan - البرهان فى تفسير القرآن‏ )

8. (Kanz Ul Amal - كنز العمال ) V8 P459