Forty (40) Ahadith on Ghadir

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 Forty (40) Ahadith on Ghadir

Author: Mahmud Sharifi
Publisher: www.alhassanain.org/english
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 Forty (40) Ahadith on Ghadir

Forty (40) Ahadith on Ghadir

Author:
Publisher: www.alhassanain.org/english
English

Forty Ahadith on Ghadir

Ghadir- Completion of Islam

This text is a collection of forty ahadith about the great event of Ghadir Qum from the fourteen infallibles.

Author(s): Mahmud Sharifi

Translator(s): Shaykh Saleem Bhimji

Publisher(s): The Islamic Education Board of the World Federation

Table of Contents

Introduction 3

Note6

The Status of 'Eidul Ghadir7

Hadith no. 1: The 'Eid of the Khilafat and Wilayat7

Hadith no. 2: The Best 'Eid of the Ummah 7

Hadith no. 3: The Great 'Eid of Allah 7

Hadith no. 4: The 'Eid of Wilayat7

Hadith no. 5: The Day of Renewal of the Oath of Allegiance8

Hadith no. 6: The 'Eid of the Heavens8

Hadith no. 7: An Incomparable 'Eid 8

Hadith no. 8: A Very Beneficial 'Eid 9

Hadith no. 9: A Luminous 'Eid 9

Hadith no. 10: One of the Four Divinely Appointed 'Eids9

The Worthy and Deserving Day of Ghadir10

Hadith no. 11: The Day of the Message and the Wilayat10

Hadith no. 12: The Day of Feeding Others10

Hadith no. 13: The Day of Gifts10

Hadith no. 14: The Day of Protection 11

Hadith no. 15: The Day of Thanks and Happiness11

Hadith no. 16: The Day of Doing Good to Others11

Hadith no. 17: The Day of Joy and Happiness11

Hadith no. 18: The Day of Congratulations and Felicitations11

Hadith no. 19: A Day of Greeting and Disavowal12

Hadith no. 20: The 'Eid of the Successors12

Hadith no. 21: The Day of Dedication and Prayers13

Hadith no. 22: The Day of Seeing the Leader13

Hadith no. 23: The Day of Praising Allah 13

Hadith no. 24: The Day of Visiting and Doing Good 13

Hadith no. 25: Salat in Masjid al-Ghadir14

Hadith no. 26: Salat on the Day of Ghadir14

Hadith no. 27: Fasting on the Day of Ghadir14

Hadith no. 28: The Day of Congratulations and Smiling 15

Wilayat in Ghadir16

Hadith no. 29: The Prophet and the Wilayat of 'Ali16

Hadith no. 30: Living the Life of a Prophet16

Hadith no. 31: The Prophet and the Imamate of 'Ali16

Hadith no. 32: The Pillars of Islam 16

Hadith no. 33: The Perpetual Wilayat17

Hadith no. 34: Wilayat and Tawhid 17

Hadith no. 35: The Day of the Cry of Despair of Shaitan 17

Hadith no. 36: The Wilayat of 'Ali is the Fortress of Tawhid 17

Hadith no. 37: The Successor of the Prophet18

Hadith no. 38: Islam in the Shadow of Wilayat18

Hadith no. 39: A Thousand Witnesses18

Hadith no. 40: 'Ali , The Commentator of the Qur'an 18

Introduction

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

The Noble Prophet (prayers of Allah be upon him and his family) has said:

مَنْ حَفِظَ عَـلـى أُمَّتِـي أَرْبَعِينَ حَدِيثًا يَـنْتَفِعُونَ بِهَا بَعَـثَهُ اللهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَقِيهاً عَالِـماً

“The person from my nation who memorizes forty traditions pertaining to those issues of religion which one is in need of, will be resurrected by Allah on the Day of Judgement as a person with deep insight into the faith and as a scholar.”

In following the above Hadith, The Islamic Education Board of The World Federation of KSIMC (IEB WF) has decided to publish a series of booklets of 40 Ahadith on different subjects. The Ahadith that have been selected from various sources, are short and simple and therefore easy to understand and memorize. It is envisaged that the booklets will not only be useful for Zakireen, Madrasah teachers and students, but will be of benefit to the Ummah at large.

The collection of the Ahadith and introduction of this present work was done by Mahmud Sharifi [as found on the InterNet at http://www.hawzah.net/Per/K/Qadir/Qadir.htm], while the translation in English was carried out by Shaykh Saleem Bhimji. IEB WF would like to thank Shaykh Saleem for his efforts in the translation of this work. May Allah (Glory and Greatness be to Him) accept this work as a further attempt by IEB WF to propagate Islam.

In the tenth year after the migration to Madinah, the year which later became known as Hajjatul Wida' [The (year of the) farewell Hajj], the Muslims who had accompanied the Noble Prophet (s) to Makkah were finishing their Hajj rites.Once the Hajj was complete, the Prophet (s) and those with him were making their way back to Madinah and the other cities from which they had come.

When they reached Rabigh - a spot three miles from Juhfah, one of the miqat for the Hujjaj - the order came from Allah (s.w.t.) to halt the entire caravan.

At this point, the Truthful conveyor of the revelation, Jibra'il (a.s.) came to the Prophet (s) who was stationed in the valley known as Ghadir Khumm and revealed the following verse of the Qur'an to him:

يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّـغْ مَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَّبِّكَ وَ إِنْ لَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ وَاللٌّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ ...

“O’ Messenger!Convey that which has been revealed to you from your Lord and if you do not do so, it is as if you have not conveyed His message at all, and Allah will protect you from the people…”(Suratul Maidah (5), Verse 67)

Since this verse commanded the Prophet (s) to stop right where he was, he himself and those with him, halted in the valley of Ghadir.

It was noontime, and as can be expected, the weather was extremely hot.The Noble Prophet (s) performed Salatul Zuhr in congregation, and then with multitudes of people around him, ascended to a small platform built from camel saddles and other things that the Muslims had with them.

In a loud voice, he gave a long speech and said to the people: “O’ people!Know that shortly I shall answer the call of The Truth (Allah) and will no longer be among you - I have a responsibility (to Allah) and you too have a responsibility (towards Him).”

The Prophet (s) then mentioned something very important to the people and stated: “I am leaving behind two weighty things to you as a trust - one of them is the Book of Allah, and the other is my family, the Ahlul Bait.These two shall never separate from one another.O’ people!Do not attempt to supersede the Qur'an and my family, and do not be negligent in your actions towards these two, because if you do so, you shall be destroyed.”

After stating this, he took the hand of 'Ali (a.s.), raised it up and introduced him to the multitudes of people and asked: “Who has more of a right over the believers than their own selves?”Everyone present proclaimed: “Allah and His Prophet know better.”

The Noble Prophet (s) then said: “Allah is my master and I am the master of all the believers and I have more right and authority over the believers than they have over their own selves.”

Then he continued:

مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلاَهُ فَهٌذَا عَلِيٌّ مَوْلاَهٌ. ‏أَللٌّهُمَّ وَالِ مَنْ وَالاَهُ وَ عَادِ مَنْ عَادَاهُ

“Whomsoever I am his master, this 'Ali is also his master.O’ Allah!Befriend he who befriends him ('Ali) and oppose he who opposes him.”

The Angel of Revelation, Jibra'il (a.s.) once again descended by the order of Allah (s.w.t.) and this time, revealed the following verse of the Qur'an:

أَلْـيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَ أَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَ رَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الإِسْلاَمَ دِيناً

“On this day have I completed your religion for you and perfected My bounties upon you and am pleased with Islam as being your religion.”

Therefore, this day was marked in history as a momentous and grand day. The day of Ghadir was a day of epic proportions in history. It was a day which would become known as the Day of Wilayat (Mastership); the Day of Imamate (Leadership); the Day of Wisayat (Successorship); the Day of Brotherhood; the Day of Valour; the Day of Courage, Bravery and Protection (of the faith); the Day of Pleasure for the Believers; and they Day of Candidness.

It was a Day of:

(Divine) blessings;

Showing thanks to the Almighty;

Conveyance of the message;

Congratulations and felicitations;

Happiness, delight and gift giving;

The pact and promise and renewal of the Pledge of Allegiance;

Completion of the religion;

Expression of the truth;

Grief of Shaitan;

Introducing the leader and the (true) path;

Testing (the faith) of the Muslims;

Despair for the enemies;

Hope for the (true) friends.

In summary, it was the Day of Islam, Qur'an, and the Ahlul Bait (a.s.). It was the day which the followers of the true teachings of the faith of Islam mark with great esteem and a day when they congratulate one another.

It can be understood from the Ahadith that the A'immah (a.s.) took this day as one of celebration and used to hold special programs to celebrate this event.It has been narrated from Fayyadh ibn Muhammad at-Tusi that, “I was in the presence of the 8th Imam on the day of Ghadir (18th of Dhul Hijjah).

I saw a particular group of people serving the Imam and the Imam was (intentionally) keeping them in his house until the time of sunset came so that he may give them food to eat (and thus enable them to break their fast).The Imam ordered that food, new clothes, shoes, rings, and other gifts be sent for their families.In the house, I noticed that the state of all of those present was something completely different than normal, and it was from those people that I learned the greatness and magnitude of this day.” (Biharul Anwar, volume 97, page 112, hadith 8)

In another Hadith it has been mentioned that one day during the days of the “open caliphate” of Imam 'Ali (a.s.), the day of Jumu'ah and 'Eid Ghadir fell together.On this day, the Imam (a.s.) delivered a long speech and said, “This gathering shall soon come to an end and all of you will go back to your homes and families - may Allah shower His mercy upon all of you.

On this day, you should be kind to your families and do good deeds to your brothers.You should thank Allah for the blessings which He has granted you. You must also be sure to unite with one another so that through this, Allah may assist you.

Do good to others so that Allah makes your friendship firm and immovable. From the blessings which Allah has given you, give gifts to one another.On this day, Allah will give rewards (to you) in multiple folds compared to other days of celebration ('Eid).This form of reward cannot be attained except through this day (Ghadir).Doing good to others and giving away much wealth to others increases the life span.Being a host to others results in the mercy and love of Allah descending upon you.

On this day, as much as you are able to, give your brothers and family a portion of the wealth which Allah has granted you. Always be smiling and in a happy mood when you meet one another; and be sure to thank Allah for the blessings which He has showered upon you. Go towards those people whose hope may lie in you and do good to them.In regards to your food and drink (on this day), ensure that between you and those who are under your care and supervision, there is equality.This equality and equity must be displayed to the extent of your ability (and you should know that) the reward of giving one dirham of charity on this day is equivalent to giving 100,000 dirhams of charity (on any other day) and the Divine bounty of this is in Allah’s hands alone.

Allah has also made it highly recommended to fast on this day and has promised a great reward for one who observes it.If a person was to look after the needs and necessities of his brothers, even before his own wishes and desires (were expressed to Allah), and if one was to look after their requests in the best possible way, then one would be granted such a reward that it would be equivalent to fasting the entire day and spending the entire night in worship until the morning hours.

A person who feeds another fasting person on this day will be equal to that person who went person by person and fed all of the fasting people (with his own hands). You must convey all that you have just heard to those who are not here.The strong and able people must go out in search of the weak people; the powerful must go in search of the oppressed, as these are all things which the Prophet (s) has commanded me to do.”

Imam 'Ali (a.s.) then read the Khutbah for Jumu'ah and performed the Salat al-Jumu'ah (since there is no special Salat for this 'Eid).He then went with his children and Shi'a to the house of Imam Husain (a.s.), where food was ready, and he distributed gifts to the Shi'a - both the needy and the free from need - who had accompanied him, and then instructed them to go home to their families1 .”

******

Insha-Allah, we hope that one day all Muslims of the world will mark the day of 'Eidul Ghadir in such a great and magnanimous way and celebrate it as it deserves to be celebrated.

Note

1. Biharul Anwar, vol. 97, Page 117.

The Status of 'Eidul Ghadir

Hadith no. 1: The 'Eid of the Khilafat and Wilayat

رَوى زِيَادُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ: دَخَلْتُ عَلى أَبِي عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ فَقُلْتُ: لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ عِيْدٌ غَيْرُ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ وَالْفِطْرِ وَالأَضْحى؟ قَالَ: نَعَمْ، أَلْيَوْمُ الَّذِي نَصَبَ فِيهِ رَسُولُ ‏اللٌّهِأَمِيـرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

It has been narrated from Ziyad ibn Muhammad that he said, “I went to see Abi 'Abdillah [Ja'far ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq] (peace be upon him) and said to him, “Do the Muslims have an 'Eid other than the day of Jumu'ah and al-Fitr and al-Adhha?”The Imam (peace be upon him) replied to me, “Yes, the day which the Messenger of Allah (blessings of Allah be upon him and his family) appointed Amirul Mo’minin (peace be upon him) [as the leader of the Ummah after him].”

Misbahul Mutahajjid, Page 736

Hadith no. 2: The Best 'Eid of the Ummah

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللٌّهِ يَوْمُ غَدِيرُ خُمٍّ أَفْضَلُ أَعْيَادِ أُمَّتِي وَ هُوَ الْيَومُ الَّذِي أَمَرَنِي اللٌّهُ تَعَالـى ذِكْرُهُ فِيهِ بِنَصْبِ أَخِي عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ عَلَماً لاُمَّتِي، يَهْتَدُونَ بِهِ مِنْ بَعْدِي وَ هُوَ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي أَكْمَلَ اللٌّهُ فِيِه الدِّينِ وَ أَتَمَّ عَلى أُمَّتِي فِيهِ النِّعْمَةَ وَ رَضِيَ لَهُمْ الإِسْلاَمَ دِيناً

The Messenger of Allah (blessings of Allah be upon him and his family) has said: “The day of Ghadir Khumm is the best 'Eid of my nation.It is the day on which Allah, the High, ordered me to mention the appointment of my brother, 'Ali ibn Abi Talib as the flag and standard of my nation.People shall be guided by him after me and this is the day in which Allah completed the religion and perfected the bounties upon my nation and on which He was pleased with Islam as their religion.”

Al-Amali of as-Saduq, Page 125, Hadith 8

Hadith no. 3: The Great 'Eid of Allah

عَنِ الصَّادِقِ قَالَ: هُوَ عِيْدُ اللٌّهِ الأَكْبَرُ، وَ مَا بَعَثَ اللٌّهُ نَبِيًّا إِلاَّ وَ تَعَيَّدَ فِي هٌذَا الْيَوْمِ وَ عَرَفَ حُرْمَتَهُ وَ اسْمُهُ فِي السَّمَآءِ يَوْمُ الْعَهْدِ الْمَعْهُودِ وَ فِي الأَرْضِ يَوْمُ الْمِيثَاقِ الْمَأْخُوذِ وَ الْجَمْعِ الْمَشْهُودِ

It has been narrated from as-Sadiq [Imam Ja'far ibn Muhammad] (peace be upon him) that he said, “This is the greatest 'Eid of Allah, and every Prophet appointed by Allah celebrated this day as an 'Eid, and knew the sanctity of this day.The name of this day in the heavens is the Day of the Allegiance and Well-Known Pact, and on the Earth this Day is known as the Day of the Promise which is taken and the Day of the Gathering of those who witnessed (the event).”

Wasa'il ash-Shi'a, Volume 5, Page 224, Hadith 1

Hadith no. 4: The 'Eid of Wilayat

قِيلَ لاََبِي عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ: لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنَ الأَعْيَادِ غَيْرُ الْعِيْدَينِ وَ الْجُمُعَةِ؟قَالَ: نَعَمْ لَهُمْ مَا هَوُ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ هٌذَا يَوْمٌ أُقِيمَ أَمِيـرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَفَعَقَدَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللٌّهِ الْوِلاَيَةَ فِي ‏أَعْنَاقِ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَآءِ بِغَدِيرِ خُمٍّ

“It was said to Abi 'Abdillah [Imam Ja'far ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq] (peace be upon him): “Do the true believers have an 'Eid other than the two 'Eid (of al-Adhha and al-Fitr) and the Jumu'ah?”The Imam replied, “Yes, they have one which is even greater than these ones and that is the day when Amirul Mo'minin (peace be upon him) was designated by the Messenger of Allah (blessings of Allah be upon him and his family) with the Wilayah (at Ghadir Khumm) which rests on the necks of all the men and women.”

Wasa'il ash-Shi'a, Volume 7, Page 325, Hadith 5

Hadith no. 5: The Day of Renewal of the Oath of Allegiance

عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ حَرِيزٍ قَالَ: دَخَلْتُ عَلى أَبِي عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ فِي ‏يَوْمِالثَّامِنَ عَشَرَ مِنْ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ فَوَجَدْتُهُ صَائِمًا فَقَالَ لِي: هٌذَا يَوْمٌ عَظِيمٌ عَظَّمَ اللٌّهُ حُرْمَتَهُ عَلى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ أَكْمَلَ لَهُمْ فِيهِ الدِّيْنَ وَ تَمَّمَ عَلَيْهِمُ النِّعْمَةَ وَ جَدَّدَ لَهُمْ مَا أَخَذَ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنَ الْعَهْدِ وَالْمِيثَاقِ

It has been narrated from 'Ammar ibn Hariz that he said, “I went to see Abi 'Abdillah [Imam Ja'far ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq] (peace be upon him) on the 18th of Dhul Hijjah and found him fasting.He said to me, ‘This is a great day.Allah has magnified the sacredness of this day for the true believers and perfected the religion for them and completed upon them the bounties and renewed the pledge which He had taken from them (previously).”

Misbahul Mutahajjid, Page 737

Hadith no. 6: The 'Eid of the Heavens

قَالَ الرِّضَا حَدَّثَنِي أَبِى، عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ: إِنَّ يَوْمَ الْغَدِيرِ فِي السَّمَآءِ أَشْهَرُ مِنْهُ فِي الأَرْضِ

Al-Ridha [Imam 'Ali ibn Musa] (peace be upon him) has said, “My father related to me from his father (peace be upon them) that, ‘The Day of Ghadir is more well known in the heavens than it is on the Earth.’”

Misbahul Mutahajjid, Page 737

Hadith no. 7: An Incomparable 'Eid

قَالَ عَلِيّ:إِنَّ هٌذَا يَوْمٌ عَظِيمُ الشَّأْْنِ، فِيهِ وُقِعَ الْفَرَجُ، وَرُفِعَتْ الدَّرَجُ وَ وُضِحَتِ الْحُجَجُ وَهُوَ يَوْمُ الإِيْضَاحِ وَالإِفْصَاحِ مِنَ الْمَقَامِ الصِّرَاحِ، وَيَومُ كَمَالُ الدِّيْنِ وَ يَوْمُ الْعَهْدِ الْمَعْهُودِ ...

Imam 'Ali (peace be upon him) has said, “Surely this is a highly recognized day, on it the succor was brought, and the station (of the one who was worthy of it) was elevated, and the proofs (of Allah) were made manifest.This is the day when from a pure station, words were clearly and straightforwardly stated, and this is the day of the completion of the religion and the (day) when the promise and pact were taken…”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 97, Page 116

Hadith no. 8: A Very Beneficial 'Eid

عَنِ الصَّادِقِ : وَاللٌّهِ لَوْ عَرِفَ النَّاسُ فَضْلَ هٌذَا الْيَوْمِ بِحَقِيقَتِهِ لَصَافَحَـتْهُمُ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ عَشْرَ مَرَّاتٍ وَ مَا أَعْطى اللٌّهُ لِمَنْ عَرَفَهُ مَا لاَ يُحْصى بِعَدَدٍ

As-Sadiq [Imam Ja'far ibn Muhammad] (peace be upon him) has said, “I swear by Allah that if people knew the true greatness of this day, the Angels would shake hands with them ten times every day … and Allah would grant a person who recognizes (the greatness of this day) what can not be enumerated.”

Misbahul Mutahajjid, Page 737

Hadith no. 9: A Luminous 'Eid

قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ: وَ يَوْمُ غَدِيرٍ بَيْنَ الْفِطْرِ وَالأَضْحى ‏َوَ يَوْمُ الْجُمْعَةِ كَالْقَمَرِ بَيْنَ الْكَوَاكِبِ

Abu 'Abdillah [Imam Ja'far ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq] (peace be upon him) has said, “The Day of Ghadir, in comparison to the ('Eids of) al-Fitr, al-Adhha and the day of Jumu'ah, is like the moon in relation to the rest of the planets.”

Iqbal of Sayyid Ibn Tawus, Page 466

Hadith no. 10: One of the Four Divinely Appointed 'Eids

قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ : إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ الْقِيَامَةِ زَفَّتْ أَرْبَعَةُ أَيَّامِ إلـى ‏اللٌّهِ ‏َعَزَّ وَ جَلَّ كَمَا تَزُفُّ الْعَرُوسُ ِإِلـى خِدْرِهَا: يَوْمُ الْفِطْرِ وَ يَوْمُ الأَضْحى وَ يَوْمُ الْجُمْعَةِ ‏َوَ يَوْمُ غَدِيرِ خُمٍّ

Abu 'Abdillah [Imam Ja'far ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq] (peace be upon him) has said, “When the Day of Judgement comes about, four days shall hasten towards Allah, the Noble and Grand, just as a bride hastens towards her bridal chamber: the day of al-Fitr, the day of al-Adhha, the day of al-Jumu'ah, and the day of Ghadir Khumm.”

Iqbal of Sayyid Ibn Tawus, Page 466