Forty Ahadith on Hajj

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Forty Ahadith on Hajj Author:
Publisher: www.al-islam.org
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Forty Ahadith on Hajj

Author: Mahmud Mahdipur
Publisher: www.al-islam.org
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Forty Ahadith on Hajj

Forty Ahadith on Hajj

Author:
Publisher: www.al-islam.org
English

FortyAhadith on Hajj

Author(s): MahmudMahdipur

Publisher(s): Islamic Education Board of the World Federation of KSIMC

www.alhassanain.org/english

Table of Contents

Preface 3

Introduction 4

Ahadith, The Traditions 7

1. Importance of Hajj 8

2. The Hajj and Focusing on Allah 9

3. The Talbiyyah and the Sacrifice 10

4. The Major Hajj (Hajj al-Akbar) and the Minor Hajj (Hajj al-Asghar) 11

5. The Benefits of the Hajj 12

6. Dying While on the Way to Hajj 13

7. The Sanctity of the Guests of Allah 14

8. Preparing for the Ihram 15

9. Looking at the Ka’bah 16

10. Intention for the Hajj 17

11. Fasting on the Day of Tashriq in Mina 18

12. Hajj or Jihad? 19

13. Reward for the Tawaf 20

14. Hajj and the Renewal of the Pledge 21

15. The Success and Perpetuity of Islam 22

16. Philosophy Behind the Name “Al-Ka’bah” 23

17. Three Sacred Things 24

18. Donations to Maintain the Ka’bah 25

19. The Safety of the Sanctuary (Haram) 26

20. The Four Chosen Cities 27

21. Performing the Hajj with Haraam Wealth 28

22. Etiquette of the Hajj 29

23. Exemptions for Women in the Hajj Rites 30

24. Distribution of Mercy in the Vicinity of the Ka’bah 31

25. Hijr (Wall) of Isma’il 32

26. Three Hundred and Sixty Tawaf of the Ka’bah 33

27. Rubbing the Corner of the Hajrul Aswad 34

28. Salat inside Masjidul Haraam 35

29. Water of Zamzam 36

30. Supplication in ‘Arafat 37

31. Importance of ‘Arafat 38

32. Rewards for Stoning the Shaitan 39

33. Philosophy Behind Stoning the Shaitan 40

34. The Sacrifice of an Animal in Hajj 41

35. Burying the Shaved Hair in Mina 42

36. Ziyarat of the Messenger of Allah (ص ) 43

37. Bidding Farewell to the Ka’bah 44

38. Importance of the Ziyarat of the Ahlul Bayt after Hajj 45

39 Welcoming People who Return from Hajj 46

40. Walimah, Feeding Others After Returning From the Hajj 47

Preface

The Noble Prophet (prayers of Allahbe upon him and his family) has said:

مَنْ حَفِظَ عَـلـى أُمَّتِـي أَرْبَعِينَ حَدِيثًا يَـنْتَفِعُونَ بِهَا بَعَـثَهُ اللهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَقِيهاً عَالِـماً

“The person from mynation who memorizes forty traditions pertaining to those issues of religion which he is in need of, will be resurrected by Allah on the Day ofJudgement as a person with deep insight into the faith and as a scholar.”

In following the abovehadith , The Islamic Education Board of The World Federation of KSIMC (IEB - WF) has decided to publish a series of booklets of 40Ahadith on different subjects. TheAhadith which have been selected from various sources, are short and simple and therefore easy to understand and memorize. It is envisaged that the booklets will not only be useful forZakireen ,Madrasah teachers and students, but will be of benefit to theUmmah at large.

The collection of theAhadith and introduction of this present work was done by MahmudMahdipur [as found on the Internet at http://www.hawzah.net/Per/K/Ah-Haj/Index.htm], while the translation in English was carried out byShaykh Saleem Bhimji . IEB - WF would like to thankShaykh Saleem for his efforts in the translation of this work. May Allah (Glory and Greatness be to Him) accept this work as a further attempt by IEB - WF to propagateIslam.

Introduction

Allah, the Most High, has said:

إِنَّ أَوَّلَ بَيْتٍ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِي بِبَكَّـــــةَ مُّـبَارَكاً وَّ هُدىً لِّلْعَالَمِينَ

“Surely the first House which was appointed for mankind (as a place of worship) was that inBakkah (Makkah ), the blessed, and a source of guidance for the entire universe.” (Surat AaleImran (3), Verse 96)

Humanity is continuously being overwhelmed by the problems of day to day life in the quest for both their true and perceived material needs; they are plagued with bureaucracy, their own daily professions, and keeping abreast with the news of things happening around them in their own country and throughout the world. All of these things prevent a person from enacting his divinely granted responsibilities and the lofty goals which he sets for himself.

Such a busy life keeps one negligent of one’s original identity and true (eventual) abode. It is the Hajj which acts as a sacred migration from all of the things which one is tied down with in one’s daily life and also the habits which one becomes accustomed to. Thus, through Hajj, an individual evolves into a person who begins to travel back towards Allah and towards his Allah-given innate character and being.

By performing the Hajj, a person is able to be present in the general yearly gathering of Muslims from the entire world, and one can witness the Divine, along with others who believe in the same religion, have one aspiration and are all worshipping the Only Creator.

Being present in theMiqat (spot of wearing the Ihram), chanting theTalbiyyah (Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk …), performing thetawaaf around the House of Allah, performingSalat , running between the mountains of al-Safa and al-Marwah , trimming the nails or hair, then making the great move to ‘Arafat, thenMash’ar , followed by Mina, and culminating this great act of worship with the sacrifice of an animal, and then finally shaving the head – all of these acts have thousands of secrets and mysteries related to them which are obviously not possible to explain in the light of forty shortAhadith (as will be covered in this booklet).

However, it is important to note that a portion of the secrets behind all of these acts of worship, which are both political and spiritual, is that they actually pull a person towards a greater study and research of the Islamic texts and are actually the cause for the thirst towards more knowledge and a stimulation to learn more about the faith.

The minute intellectual reflections and small goals which people have forthemselves , take on a much larger scale when they are engrossed in the great universal gathering of Muslims. Without a doubt, it is within such a venue that an individual wishes and desires the hopes and aspirations not only for himself, rather for all Muslims. TheHujjaj participating in this greatAbrahamic journey, spiritually link their actions with those done by the great prophets of the past and open up the doors of the historical past to their own realm of understanding.

The Divinely taught sacred call of “Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk …” brings to mind the ancient pledge, pact, and innate covenant which mankind made with their Creator aforetime. It is through putting on the white clothing of the Ihram that a person removes the spiritually dark traits of selfishness, pretentiousness, and the rampant desire to fulfill one’s sensual pleasures, and puts an end (hopefully not temporarily) to one’s evil habits and actions. Through this clothing which one has now donned, one sees and understands that all the praise, blessings, and power belong solely to Allah (SWT).

The etiquette related to being inside the Sanctuary (Haram ) teaches us the noble ethical traits and the sacred Divine morals which we must enact at all times in our lives. In the physical actions of the Hajj, we are taught the lessons of unity, the importance of keeping the spiritual realm and politics together, maintaining true faith, building alliances with other Muslims, and the true meaning of freedom.

At the same time, we are also taught to stand up and fight against disbelief, polytheism, and otherSatanic forces as one firm unit of Muslims. It is through thetawaaf in the presence of one’s Beloved and standing at theMaqam of Ibrahim and performing theSalat that a person becomes one with the Angels in the heavens who are performing the same action!

Through the act of theSa’i between the mountains of al-Safa and al-Marwah and then trimming the hair, a person is finally permitted to once again circle theKa’bah in the finaltawaaf , known as theTawaaf an-Nisa , where he finishes off this entire Hajj by standing at theMaqam -e-Ibrahim and performing one final twoRak’at Salat .

It is through greeting theHajrul Aswad and even kissing it that a person renews the pledge one made in the other world, as the Qur’an mentions:

وَإِذْ أَخَذَ رَبُّكَ مِنْ بَنِي آدَمَ مِنْ ظُهُورِهِمْ ذُرِّيَّـتَهُمْ وَأَشْهَدَهُمْ عَلَى أَنْفُسِهِمْ أَلَسْتُ بِرَبِّكُمْ قَالُوا بَلَى شَهِدْنَا أَنْ تَقُولُوا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِنَّا كُــنَّا عَنْ هٌذَا غَافِلِينَ

“And whenyour Lord brought forth from the children of Adam, from their backs, their descendants, and made them bear witness against their own souls: ‘Am I not your Lord?’ They said: ‘Yes!we bear witness.’ Lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: Surely we were heedless of this.” (7:172)

It is only through drinking the delicious water of the well ofZamzam that a person is able to once again hear the whisper of life flowing through one’s entire body and soul…

The momentary stops through the Hajj and the movements made from one place to another by the command of Allah (SWT) and with the remembrance of Allah (SWT) teach a person theAbrahamic way of life. It is through the acts of the slaughtering of an animal that a person is able to slit the throat of his negative trait of miserliness, and it is through the act of shaving the head that one begins to prepare himself once again to be able to enter intoMasjidul Haraam , the house of his Beloved.

However before this, one must make his way to theJamarat to stone the large, medium and small representations of the Satan. Through this act, he announces his disavowal and disapproval from anything Satanic and anything which has polytheistic undertones to it.

That which we have mentioned in this short booklet is a collection of forty ِAhadith in regards to this great obligatory act – the Hajj.

TheseAhadith go forth to elucidate and explain some of the etiquettes and goals behind the Hajj. The sacredness and sanctity of the sites of Hajj and the role which they have in the life of a person have also been alluded to in our selection of narrations. The short traditions, which we have quoted in this work, come to us from the Infallible Leaders of the faith (AS), and open up a new outlook to the beautiful visage of the Hajj. The visitors to the sacred house of Allah, or those who have a strong desire to make the trip, but have not yet been blessed to do so, would do well to study these carefully.

حجكم مقبول و سعيكم مشكور

‘May your Hajj be accepted and may all of your efforts be appreciated.’

MahmudMahdipur

Ahadith ,The Traditions

1. Importance of Hajj

قَالَ عَلِيٌّ (ع): أَللٌّهُ أَللٌّهُ فِي بَيْتِ رَبِّكُمْ لاَ تَخْلُوهُ مَا بَقِيتُمْ فَإِنَّهُ إِنْ تُرِكَ لَمْ تُنَاظَرُوا

Imam ‘AliIbn Abi Talib (peace be upon him) has said, “By Allah, by Allah, keep the House of your Lord in mind. Do not disregard it as long as you remain (alive) because surely if it is ignored, then He shall not look towards you (with His Mercy).”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 16

2. The Hajj and Focusing on Allah

عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرِ البَاقِرِ (ع) فِي قَوْلِ اللٌّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تـــَعَالـى :

فَــفِرُّوا إِلـى اللٌّه إِنِّي لَكُمْ مِنْهُ نَذِيرٌ مُبِينٌ ‏ قَالَ: حَجُّوا إِلـى اللٌّهِ

It has been narrated fromAbi Ja’far [Imam MuhammadIbn ‘Ali] al-Baqir (peacebe upon him) that in regards to the words of Allah, the Glorious and High:

فَــفِرُّوا إِلـى اللٌّه إِنِّي لَكُمْ مِنْهُ نَذِيرٌ مُبِينٌ ‏

“So then hasten towards Allah, surely I (Muhammad) am a plainwarner to you from Him.” (Suratul Dhariyat (51), Verse 50)

The Imam said, “Struggle towards Allah (perform the Hajj).”

Ma’aniul Akhbar , Page 222

3. TheTalbiyyah and the Sacrifice

عَنْ عَلِيٍّ (ع) قَالَ: نَزَلَ جِبْرَئِيلُ عَلى النَّبِيِّ (ص) فَقَالَ: يَا مُحَمَّدُ مُرْ أَصْحَابَكَ بِالْعَجِّ وَ الثَّلْجِ، فَالْعَجُّ رَفَعُ الأَصْوَاتِ بِالتَّلْبِيَّةِ وَ الثَّلْجُ نَحْرُ الْبَدَنِ

It has been narrated from ‘Ali [Ibn Abi Talib ] (peace be upon him) that he said, “Jibra’il descended to the Prophet (blessings of Allah be upon him and his family) and said to him, ‘O’ Muhammad!Command your companions al-’Ajj and al-Thalj . The ‘Ajj is to raise your voice in pronouncing theTalbiyyah (Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk ) out loud, while theThalj is to slaughter an animal (on the day of ‘Eid ).”

Ma’aniul Akhbar , Page 224

4. The Major Hajj (Hajj al-Akbar) and the Minor Hajj (Hajj al-Asghar )

عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارِ قَالَ: سَئَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ (ع) عَنْ يَوْمِ الْحَجِّ الأَكْبَرِ فَقَالَ: هُوَ يَوْمُ الْنَحْرِ وَ الأَصْغَرُ الْعُمْرَةُ

It has been narrated byMu’awiyah IbnAmmar that he said, “I askedAbaAbdillah [ImamJa’far Ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq ] (peace be upon him) in regards to the day of the major Hajj (Hajj al-Akbar) and he said, ‘This is the day of the sacrifice (‘Eidul Qurban ), while the minor Hajj (Hajj al-Asghar ) is the ‘Umrah .”

Ma’aniul Akhbar , Page 295

5. The Benefits of the Hajj

عَنِ الرِّضَا (ع) قَالَ: مَا رَأََيْتُ ‏َشَيْئاً أَسْرَعَ غِنًّى وَ لاَ أَنْفى لِلْفَقْرِ مِنْ إِدْمَانُ الْحَجِّ

It has been narrated from al-Ridha [Imam ‘AliIbn Musa] (peace be upon him) that he said, “I have not seen a single thing which makes a person free from want (financially secure) quicker, nor which is more effective in removing poverty, than continuously performing the Hajj (year after year).”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 74, Page 318

6. Dying While on the Way to Hajj

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ (ع) قَالَ: مَنْ مَاتَ فِي طَرِيقِ مَكَّةَ ذَاهِباً أَوْ جَائِياً أَمِنَ مِنَ الْفَزَغِ الأَكْبَرِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

It has been narrated formAbiAbdillah [ImamJa’far Ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq ] (peace be upon him) that he said, “A person who dies while proceeding towardsMakkah or while returning back (fromMakkah ) will be protected from the great distress of the Day of Resurrection.”

Maladhul Akhyar , Volume 7, Page 223

7. The Sanctity of the Guests of Allah

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ (ع) قَالَ: أَلْحَاجُّ وَ الْمُعْتَمِرُ وَفْدُ اللٌّهِ إِنْ سَأَلُوهُ أَعْطَاهُمْ وَ إِنْ دَعُوهُ أَجَابَهُمْ وَ إِنْ شَفَعُوا شَفَعَهُمْ وَ إِنْ سَكَتُوا إِبْتَدَاهُمْ وَ يُعَوَّضُونَ بِالدِّرْهَمِ أَلْفَ أَلْفَ دِرْهَمٍ

It has been narrated fromAbiAbdillah [ImamJa’far Ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq ] (peace be upon him) that he said, “Those who perform the Hajj and the ‘Umrah are the guests of Allah. If they ask Him for something, He will grant it to them; if they call upon Him then He will answer them; if they intercede (for others), their intercession will be accepted; if they remain quiet, then He will begin to speak to them; for every dirham which they spend (in their trip to the Hajj), they will receive one milliondirhams in return.”

Maladhul Akhyar , Volume 7, Page 223

8. Preparing for the Ihram

عَنْ حِمَادِ بْنِ عِيسى قَالَ: سَئَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ (ع) عَنِ الْتَّهَيُّؤْ لِلإِحْرَامِ فَقَالَ: تَقْلِيمُ الأَظْفَارِ وَ أَخْذُ الشَّارِبِ وَ حَلْقُ الْعَانَةِ

It has been narrated fromHimad Ibn ‘Isa that he said, “I askedAbaAbdillah [ImamJa’far Ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq ] (peace be upon him) on how to prepare for the (wearing of the) Ihram? The Imam replied, ‘(One should prepare for wearing the Ihram) by cutting the nails, trimming the moustache and shaving the pubic hair.”

Maladhul Akhyar , Volume 7, Page 307

9. Looking at theKa’bah

عَنِ الْبَاقِرِ (ع): مَنْ نَظَرَ إِلـى الْكَعْبَةَ لَمْ يَزَلْ يُكْتَبْ لَهُ حَسَنَةٌ وَ يُمْحى عَنْهُ سَيِئَّةٌ حَتَّى يَصْرِفُ بَصَرَهُ عَنْهَا

It has been narrated from al-Baqir [Imam MuhammadIbn ‘Ali] (peace be upon him) that: “As long as a person is looking at theKa’bah , good deeds will be written (in his record) and one’s evil deeds will be erased until one turns away one’s glance (from theKa’bah ).”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 65

10. Intention for the Hajj

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ(ع) قَالَ: أَلْحَجُّ‏ حَجَّانِ، حَجٌّ لِلٌّهِ وَ حَجٌّ لِلنَّاسِ. فَمَنْ حَجَّ لِلٌّهِ كَانَ ثَوَابُهُ عَلى اللٌّهِ وَ الْجَنَّةُ وَ مَنْ حَجَّ لِلنَّاسِ كَانَ ثَوَابُهُ عَلى النَّاسِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

It has been narrated fromAbiAbdillah [ImamJa’far Ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq ] (peacebe upon him) that, “Hajj is of two types: Hajj for the sake of Allah and Hajj for the sake of people. A person who performs Hajj for Allah, surely his reward will be with Allah - Paradise; and a person who performs Hajj for people, surely his reward will be with people (to give him) on the Day of Resurrection.”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 24

11. Fasting on the Day ofTashriq in Mina

سُئِلَ الصَّادِقُ (ع): لِمَ كُرِهَ الصِّيَامُ فِي أَيَّامِ التَّشْرِيقِ؟ فَقَالَ: لأََنَّ الْقَوْمَ زُوَّارُ اللٌّهِ وَ هُمْ فِي ضِيَافَتِهِ وَ لاَ يَنْبَغِي لِلضَّيْفِ أَنْ يَّصُومَ عِنْدَ مَنْ زَارَهُ وَ أَضَافَهُ

As-Sadiq [ImamJa’far Ibn Muhammad] (peace be upon him) was asked, “Why is it discouraged to fast on the days ofTashriq (11th, 12th, and 13th ofDhul Hijjah )?” The Imam (peace be upon him) replied, “Since people are visiting Allah and are His guests (during these days), it is not advisable that a guest should fast in the presence of the One whom he is visiting.”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 34

12. Hajj or Jihad?

عَنِ الصَّادِقِ (ع) أَنَّهُ قَالَ: مَا سَبِيلٌ مِنْ سَبِيلِ اللٌّهِ أَفْضَلُ مِنَ الْحَجِّ إِلاَّ رَجُلٌ يَخْرُجُ بِسَيْفِهِ فَيُجَاهِدُ فِي سَبِيلِ اللٌّهِ حَتَّى يَسْتَشْهَدُ

It has been narrated from as-Sadiq [ImamJa’far Ibn Muhammad] (peace be upon him) who said, “There is no path from the paths of Allah which is greater than Hajj, except when a person comes out with his sword and strives in the way of Allah until he is martyred.”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 49

13. Reward for theTawaf

عَنِ النَّـبِيِ ّ(ص) أَنَّهُ قَالَ: مَنْ طَافَ بِهٌذَا الْبَيْتِ إِسْـبُوعاً وَ أَحْسَنَ صَلاَةَ رَكْعَتَيْهِ غُفِرَ لَهُ

The Noble Prophet (blessings of Allahbe upon him and his family) has said, “A person who circumambulates this House (theKa’bah ) seven times and performs the twoRak’at Salat (ofTawaaf ) in the best form possible will have his sins forgiven.”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 49

14. Hajj and the Renewal of the Pledge

قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (ع): وَ الْحَجْرُ كَالْمِيثَاقِ وَ إِسْتِلاَمُهُ كَالْبَيْعَةِ وَ كَانَ إِذَا إِسْتَلَمَهُ قَالَ: أَللٌّهُمَّ أَمَانَتِي أَدَّيْتُهَا وَ مِيثَاقِي تَعَاهَدَتْهُ لِيَشْهَدَلِي عِنْدَكَ بِالْبَلاَغِ

AbuJa’far [Imam MuhammadIbn ‘Ali al-Baqir ] (peace be upon him) has said, “TheHajr (Hajrul Aswad – the Black Stone) is like the pledge (of Allah) and rubbing the hand over it is like making a pledge of allegiance (to Allah).” Whenever the Imam (peace be upon him) would rub his hand over theHajrul Aswad he used to say:

أَللٌّهُمَّ أَمَانَتِي أَدَّيْتُهَا وَ مِيثَاقِي تَعَاهَدَتْهُ لِيَشْهَدَلِي عِنْدَكَ بِالْبَلاَغِ

“O’ Allah! I have fulfilled my trust and have renewed my pledge so that it (theHajr al-Aswad ) can bear witness that surely I have fulfilled my responsibility.”

15. The Success and Perpetuity of Islam

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ (ع) قَالَ: لاَ يَزَالُ الدِّينُ قَائِماً مَا قَامَتِ الْكَعْبَةُ

It has been narrated fromAbiAbdillah [ImamJa’far Ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq ] (peace be upon him) who said, “As long as theKa’bah is standing, the religion (of al-Islam) will remain standing.”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96 Page 57

16. PhilosophyBehind the Name “Al-Ka’bah ”

عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (ع) قَالَ: قُلْتُ لَهُ: لِمَ سُمِّىَ الْبَيْتُ، بَيْتُ الْعَتِيقِ؟ قَالَ: لأََنَّهُ حُرٌّ عَتِيقٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَ لَمْ يَمْلِكُهُ أَحَدٌ

It has been narrated thatAbi Ja’far [Imam MuhammadIbn ‘Ali al-Baqir ] (peace be upon him) was asked, “Why is it (theKa’bah ) namedBaitulAtiq (the Emancipated House)?” The Imam replied: “Because this house is free and emancipated from people and was never under the ownership of anyone.”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 59

17. Three Sacred Things

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ (ع) قَالَ: إِنَّ لِلٌّهِ عَزّ َوَ جَلَّ حُرُمَاتٌ ثَلاَثٌ لَيْسَ مِثْلَهُنَّ شَي‏ْءٌ: كِتَابُهُ وَ هُوَ حُكْمُهُ وَ نُورُهُ وَ بَيْتُهُ الَّذِي جَعَلَهُ قِبْلَةً لِلنَّاسِ لاَ يَقْبَلُ مِنْ أَحَدٍ تَوَجُّهَا إِلـى غَيْرِهِ وَ عِتْرَةِ نَبِيِّكُمْ

It has been narrated fromAbiAbdillah [ImamJa’far Ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq ] (peace be upon him) who said, “Surely Allah, the Noble and Grand, has made three things sacred and there is nothing else equivalent to them: His Book (the Qur’an) which is His Command and Divine Light; His House (TheKa’bah ) which He has made as the focal point (Qiblah ) and He will not accept from anyone facing any other direction; and the family of your Prophet.”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 60

18. Donations to Maintain theKa’bah

عَنْ عَلِيٍّ (ع) قَالَ: لَوْ كَانَ لِي وَادِيَانِ يَسِيلاَنِ ذَهَباً وَ فِضَّةً مَا أَهْدَيْتُ إِلـى الْكَعْبَةِ شَيْئاً لأََنَّهُ يَصِيرُ إِلـى الْحَجْبَةِ دُونَ الْمَسَاكِينَ

It has been narrated from ‘Ali [Ibn Abi Talib ] (peace be upon him) who said, “If I were to possess two valleys flowing with gold and silver, I would not donate a single thing to theKa’bah because it would reach the (unworthy) people who maintain theKa’bah – and not to the poor and deserving people.”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 67

19. The Safety of the Sanctuary (Haram )

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ بْنِ سِنَانِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ (ع) قَالَ قُلْتُ: أَ رَأَيْتَ قَوْلَهُ وَ مَنْ دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آمِناً أَلْبَيْتُ عَنـى أَوِ الْحَرَمُ؟ قَالَ: مَنْ دَخَلَ الْحَرَمَ مِنَ النَّاسِ مَسْتَجِيراً بِهِ فَهُوَ آمِنٌ وَ مَنْ دَخَلَ الْبَيْتَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مُسْتَجِيراً بِهِ فَهُوَ آمِنٌ مِنْ سَخَطِ اللٌّهِ وَ مَنْ دَخَلَ الْحَرَمَ مِنَ الْوُحُشِ وَ السِّبَاعِ وَ الطَّيْرِ فَهُوَ آمِنٌ مِنْ أَنْ يُّهَاجَ أَوْ يُؤْذَى حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ مِِنَ الْحَرَمِ

It has been narrated from ‘AbdullahIbn Sanan fromAbiAbdillah [ImamJa’far Ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq ] (peacebe upon him) that he asked, “What is the meaning of His words:

وَ مَنْ دَخَلَهُ كَانَ أَمِناً

{And whosoever enters into it (theHaram ), does so in safety.}

Does this refer to theKa’bah or the entire Sanctuary (Haram )?”

The Imam (peace be upon him) replied, “A person who enters into the Sanctuary (Haram ) seeking protection, shall remain protected; whoever from amongst the true believers enters into the Sanctuary (Haram ) seeking protection from the wrath of Allah shall be protected from it; and whichever wild and domestic animal or bird enters into the Sanctuary (Haram ) will be protected from being disturbed and bothered until it leaves the Sanctuary (Haram ).”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 74

20. The Four Chosen Cities

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللٌّهِ (ص): إِنَّ اللٌّهَ اخْتَارَ مِنَ الْبُلْدَانِ أَرْبَعَةٌ فَقَالَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ: وَ التِّيْنِ وَ الزَّيْتُونِ وَ طُُورِ سِينِينَ وَ هٌذَا الْبَلَدِ الأَمِينَ وَ التِّيْنُ الْمَدِينَةُ وَ الزَّيْتُونُ بَيْتَ الْمَقْدَسُ وَ طُورُ سِينِينَ الْكُوْفَةُ وَ هٌذَا الْبَلَدِ الأَمِينَ مَكَّةَ

The Messenger of Allah (blessings of Allahbe upon him and his family) has said, “Surely Allah has chosen four cities from amongst all others, just as He, the Noble and Grand has said (in the Noble Qur’an):

وَ التِّيْنِ وَ الزَّيْتُونِ وَ طُُورِ سِينِينَ وَ هٌذَا الْبَلَدِ الأَمِينَ

“I swear by ‘the fig’ and ‘the olive’ and the ‘Mountain of Sinai’ and by this protected city.”

‘The fig’ is the city ofMadinah ; ‘The olive’ is the city ofBaitul Maqdas (in Jerusalem); ‘The Mountain of Sinai’ isKufah ; and the protected city isMakkah .”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 77

21. Performing the Hajj withHaraam Wealth

قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (ع): لاَ يَقْبَلُ اللٌّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ حَجًّا وَّ لاَ عُمْرَةً مِنْ مَّالٍ حَرَامٍ

AbuJa’far [Imam MuhammadIbn ‘Ali al-Baqir ] (peace be upon him) has said, “Allah, the Noble and Grand shall not accept the Hajj or ‘Umrah of a person who performs them usingharaam wealth.”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 120

22. Etiquette of the Hajj

عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (ع) قَالَ: مَا يَعْبَؤُ بِمَنْ يَؤُمُّ هٌذَا الْبَيْتِ إِذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ فِيهِ ثَلاَثُ خِصَالٍ: وَرَعٌ يَحْجُزُهُ عَنْ مَعَاصِي اللٌّهِ وَ حِلْمٌ يَمْلِكُ بِهِ غَضَبَهُ وَ حُسْنُ الصَحَابَةِ لِمَنْ صَحِبَهُ

It has been narrated formAbi Ja’far [Imam MuhammadIbn ‘Ali al-Baqir ] (peace be upon him) that he said, “It does not matter if one visits this House if he does not possess three traits: Cautiousness (Wara ’) which prevents him from sinning; forbearance which helps him rule over his anger; and good interaction with those who are with him.”

Al-Khisal , Volume 1, Page 97;Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 121

23. Exemptions for Women in the Hajj Rites

عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ(ع) قَالَ: لَيْسَ عَلى النِّسَاءِ إِجْهَارُ التَّلْبِيَّةِ وَ لاَ الْهَرْوَلَةِ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَ الْمَرْوَةِ وَ لاَ إِسْتَلاَمُ الْحَجْرِ الأَسْوَدِ وَ لاَ دُخُولُ الْكَعْبَةِ وَ لاَ الْحَلْقُ إِنَّمَا يُقَصِّرْنَ مِنْ شُعُورِهِنَّ

It has been narrated fromAbi Ja’far [Imam MuhammadIbn ‘Ali al-Baqir ] (peace be upon him) that he said, “The following things are not necessary for women to perform in the Hajj: women do not have to pronounce theTalbiyyah (Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk ) out loud; nor do they have to perform theHarwalah (act of briefly running) between the mountains of al-Safa and al-Marwah ; the rubbing of the hand on theHajral Aswad ; entering into theKa’bah ; and the shaving of the head; instead, they only cut some of their hair.”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 189

24. Distribution of Mercy in the Vicinity of theKa’bah

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ (ع) قَالَ: لِلٌّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالـى حَوْلَ الْكَعْبَةِ عِشْرُونَ وَ مِائَةَ رَحْمَةً مِنْهَا سِتُّونَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَ أَرْبَعُونَ لِلمُصَلِّيَن وَ عِشْرُونَ لِلنَّاظِرِينَ

It has been narrated fromAbiAbdillah [ImamJa’far Ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq ] (peace be upon him) that he said, “For Allah, the Noble and Grand, there are 120 parts of Mercy around theKa’bah . From these, sixty are for those performing thetawaaf around theKa’bah ; forty are for those performing the prayers; and twenty are for those just looking (at theKa’bah ).”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 202

25.Hijr (Wall) ofIsma’il

قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ (ع): إِنَّ إِسْمَاعِيلَ دَفَنَ أُمَّهُ فِي الْحَجْرِ وَ جَعَلَ لَهُ حَائِطاً لِئَلاَّ يُوَطَّا قَبْرَهَا

Abu ‘Abdillah [ImamJa’far Ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq ] (peace be upon him) said, “Isma’il buried his mother (Hajrah ) in the (area) of theHijr and then built a semi-circle shaped wall over it so that people would not step upon her grave.”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 204

26. Three Hundred and SixtyTawaf of theKa’bah

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللٌّهِ (ع) قَالَ: يُسْتَحَبُّ أَنْ تَطُوفَ ثَلاَثَ مِائَةَ وَ سِتِّينَ أُسْبُوعاً عَدَدِ أَيَّامَ السَّنَةِ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَسْتَطِعْ فَمَا قَدَرْتَ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الطَّوَافِ

It has been narrated fromAbiAbdillah [ImamJa’far Ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq ] (peace be upon him) who said, “It is recommended that a person does thetawaaf of theKa’bah three hundred and sixty times - the number of days in a year and if one is unable to do so, then one should perform thetawaaf as much as possible.”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 204

27. Rubbing the Corner of theHajrul Aswad

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللٌّهِ (ص): طُوفُوا بِالْبَيْتِ وَ اسْتَلْمُوا الرُّكْنَ فَإِنَّهُ يَمِينُ اللٌّهِ عَلـى أَرْضِهِ يُصَافِحُ بِهَا خَلْقَهُ

The Messenger of Allah (blessings of Allah be upon him and his family) has said, “Perform thetawaaf of the House and rub your hand over the Corner which has theHajr al-Aswad because this is the right hand of Allah on His Earth which He shakes with His creations.”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 202

28.Salat insideMasjidul Haraam

عَنِ الْبَاقِرِ (ع) قَالَ: صَلاَةٌ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ مِائَةِ أَلْفِ صَلاَةٍ فِي غَيْرِهِ مِنَ الْمَسَاجِدِ

Al-Baqir [Imam MuhammadIbn ‘Ali] (peacebe upon him) has said, “Salat insideMasjidul Haraam is greater than 100,000Salat performed in any otherMasjid .”

Biharul Anwar, Volume 96, Page 241