Abu Talib (A.S): the Faithful of Quraysh

Abu Talib (A.S):  the Faithful of Quraysh0%

Abu Talib (A.S):  the Faithful of Quraysh Author:
Translator: Abdullah al-Shahin
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications – Qum
Category: Islamic Personalities

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Abu Talib (A.S):  the Faithful of Quraysh

Abu Talib (A.S): the Faithful of Quraysh

Author:
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications – Qum
English

Abu Talib, the Faithful of Quraysh

This book is a detailed biography of the life and role of Abu Talib, the uncle and guardian of the Holy Prophet S.

Author(s): Abdullah al-Khunayzi

Translator(s): Abdullah al-Shahin

Publisher(s): Ansariyan Publications – Qum

Table of Contents

The Believer of the Pharaoh’s People 4

Dedication 5

Note 5

This Book 6

Note 6

Foreword 7

Notes 8

At the Threshold 9

Notes 32

Chapter 1: The Route of Life 39

A House 39

Personality 46

Signs 49

The Spring 49

With the Diviner 50

You are Blessed 50

To Sham 50

Marriage 53

The Dawn of the Mission 54

The First Dawn 55

The Day of the Warning 56

Jihad 59

Ash-Shi’b and As-Saheefa 70

At Dying 77

Notes 81

Chapter 2: In the Conscience of History 86

After the Death 87

Pleasant Mention 89

The Sayings of the Prophet (S) 89

The Sayings of Imam Ali (as) 95

The Sayings of Ahlul Bayt 99

The Sayings of the Companions and Others 104

A Stop with Ibn Abul Hadeed 111

Notes 119

Fabrication and Distortion 124

The First Verse 124

The Second and the Third Verses 128

The Narrators of the First Three Traditions 129

The Narrators of the Two Last Traditions 134

A Look at the Verse (It is not (fit) for the Prophet) 140

A Look at the Verse (Surely you cannot guide...) 151

Notes 157

The Inheritance of Abu Talib 163

The Tradition of ad-Dhihdhah 163

The Narrators 164

A Look at the Tradition 169

Notes 176

Al-Mo’min (The Faithful) 178

Notes 181

The Final Word about the Faithfulness of Abu Talib 183

Notes 187

Biography of the Author 189

His works 190

Reference Books 191

The Believer of the Pharaoh’s People

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

And a believing man of Firon's people, who hid his faith, said: What! Will you slay a man because he says: My Lord is Allah, and indeed he has brought to you clear arguments from your Lord? And if he be a liar, on him will be his lie, and if he be truthful, there will befall you some of that which he threatens you (with); surely Allah does not guide him who is extravagant, a liar. (The Holy Quran, Shakir 40:28)

And he, who believed, said: O my people follow me, I will guide you to the right course; O my people, this life of the world is only a (passing) enjoyment, and surely the hereafter is the abode to settle. Whoever does an evil, he shall not be recompensed (with aught) but the like of it, and whoever does good, whether male or female, and he is a believer, these shall enter the garden, in which they shall be given sustenance without measure. And, O my people! How is it that I call you to salvation and you call me to the fire? (The Holy Quran, Shakir 40:38-41)

You call on me that I should disbelieve in Allah and associate with Him that of which I have no knowledge, and I call you to the Mighty, the most Forgiving; No doubt that what you call me to has no title to be called to in this world, nor in the hereafter, and that our turning back is to Allah, and that the extravagant are the inmates of the fire; So you shall remember what I say to you, and I entrust my affair to Allah, Surely Allah sees the servants. So Allah protected him from the evil (consequences) of what they planned, and the most evil punishment overtook Firon's people. (The Holy Quran, Shakir 40:41-45)

Dedication

To you; O the Prophet of humanity!

To you; O the hero of Islam!1

To both of you, who are but one soul!

To your exaltedness, I offer this book,

Which is the least effort of him, who

Failed yet to support the religion… the

Religion to which you had devoted

Yourselves… the religion, to which the

History had been unfair… the religion,

Which the historians had wronged.

To you I offer it hoping to be near to

Allah and to you in a day where

Nothing will be of use except that who

Comes to Allah with a heart free from

Evil.

28/8/1374 A.H.

22/4/1955 A.D.

Abdullah al-Khunayzi

Note

1- He means Imam Ali, Peace upon Him.

This Book

I have spent of my life, in order to write this book, a year or about a year since the first letter I put on the paper until the last point of it.1 During this period of time there was much search and research. Also there was some of time not so little elapsed without researching or writing a thing. Besides this and that–the time assigned to this book was not more than an hour a day.

What I mentioned here was not so important and I didn’t intend to but I wanted to refer to that I visited Lebanon in the summer of 1956 and I presented this book to my friend Professor Boless Salama to write a foreword to it… a mere foreword that was to be away from any personal relations and not to pay any attention to other than the book itself. Upon this we agreed and he wrote this foreword, in which he criticized the book and referred to its defect concerning the linguistic usage.

The impartial criticism didn't fruit but well.

Hence I found enough time to examine the book again. I discovered some mistakes and I reworded some points. I quoted something else from the resources I referred to. I added something to some subjects that I thought it was required to show the truth fully especially in the chapter of (At the threshold).

Before this and that I don’t pretend that I am infallible and perfect. This is my utmost trying and I hope it will achieve the aim. If there are some defects, they are definitely unintended.

The content of Allah is our intent.

27/5/1377 A.H. 20/12/1957 A.D.

The author

Note

1. The first letter was written in the draft of the book in 9/8/1373 A.H., 14/4/1954 A.D. and the last letter of the draft was in 2/8/1374 A.H., 27/3/1955 A.D.

Foreword

By: Professor Boless Salama

Between al-Qateef1 and me there is a connection. The cause of it is the epic of (Eid al-Ghadeer), which I have written about Imam Abul Hassan (Ali), and this book is about the father of Imam Ali. I have talked in the epic about the virtue of Abu Talib, the notable sheikh of Quraysh,2 who secured the Prophet (S) against his enemies and now I am just to preface this book with a swift word talking about the book itself.

The author began his book with showing the crimes of the Umayyads and refuting the accusations they ascribed to the Prophet's family. Neither he failed nor became his pen confused. And it was no wonder because whoever took the side of Abu Turab3 would be powerful.

The son of the castle of al-Qateef knew that he was in a fort, against which the enemies were so active but they always were the weak and the fort was steadfast along the time.

It was, well known that the author arranged the accusations in a skilled way and he exaggerated them in order to show their atrocity and to show the ugliness of the lies fabricated against the Prophet's family. In spite of his rush, the enthusiasm of the youth and the leap of his pen, nothing escaped him to follow the sayings of the great historians and the masters of Hadith and eloquence.

I think that the preface “At the threshold” was the defending-attacking front. The author thought to gather the fabricated lies, which collapsed easily and to show the opponent as band of Negro pigmies to let the greatness of Imam Ali shine like the light when the clouds dispelled.

As for the chapter following the preface, which was called “A house”, the author repeated in it well-known sayings. He was not to be blamed for that because he wanted to pave the way for showing the personality of Imam Ali. He brought this personality out as the axis of Quraysh and it was really so.

How nice it would be if he used a language better than the elegant style he used in describing the different scenes of the life of the man (Abu Talib). His eloquence didn’t ripen yet like most of the rising youth, but this branch, which grew on a large tree that gave much to the Arabic language, promised to give ripe fruits in the near future inshallah.

The author did well when he showed the personality of Sayyid al-Bat~ha’ ibn Shaybatul Hamd4 and cleared it, then he spread it throughout the chapters of the book and so the virtue of the guardian of the Prophet (S) grew side by side with the growth of the Prophet himself. The orphan (Muhammad) lived under the wing of his uncle (Abu Talib) when child and young. When the sun of the orphan shone, the uncle walked in its light. He was so loyal to his nephew; the son of Abdullah. He strived to sacrifice his money, his sons and himself for the Prophet (S).

In order to be fair to the author, we had to acknowledge that he was so skilled in his analysis. What confirmed this was his choosing and analysis of the verses said by Abu Talib that proved his faith, although he (the author) criticized the poets, whom the poetic license led them to say what they did not want. He pleaded with a saying of one of them: (They may find something beautiful even though it isn’t).

But the virtue of the poetry appeared in what he chose of the verses of the father of Abu Turab in the chapter of “Ash-Shi’b and as-Saheefa”5 where Abu Talib said:

They hope we give up but they will get nothing,

We strike and stab with our sharp swords.

… To the last of his verses, in which the firm faith, the burning heart and the furious sword mixed together.

Our friend did not miss the scientific classification in his book. You would see him detailing the evidences of Abu Talib’s virtue during his life, when he was about to die and when he was dead. Then the author talked about what happened after his death. He proved the witness of the Prophet, Imam Ali and the Prophet’s family about the faith of Abu Talib.

I thought that if the author had become a lawyer, he would have been among the leading group. He had good qualities of comparing and concluding. He could easily move from the premises to the conclusions and this would make him successful.

After all I am not to study and analyze because this is the job of the readers and the critics but just to preface a word about the book. The author could arrive at the aim he approached to; he researched, analyzed, refuted and defended.

The many advantages of the book might intercede for the few defects occurred in the wording but the form would not affect the essence. In this book there were many pearls and a few shells.

I think that in saying my opinion about the book I am nearer to fair severity than to flattering. Yes, between me and al-Qateef there is friendship but the truth is worthier to be said.

Boless Salama

Beirut

25/2/1376 A.H.

Notes

1. A place in the Arabia.

2. Quraysh was the greatest tribe of the Arabia at that time.

3. One of Imam Ali’s Peace upon Him surnames.

4. Sayyid al-Bat~ha’ was a surname of Abu Talib. (Ibn) means the son of. Shaybatul Hamd was a surname of Abdul Muttalib; Abu Talib’s father and the Prophet’s grandfather.

5. Shi’b means a mountain pass and saheefa means a book, a charter or a covenant, which usually written on a leaf or a piece of leather.