Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English0%

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English Author:
Publisher: www.alhassanain.org/english
Category: Supplications and Ziyarat

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

This book is corrected and edited by Al-Hassanain (p) Institue for Islamic Heritage and Thought

Author: Sheikh Abbas Al-Qummi
Publisher: www.alhassanain.org/english
Category: visits: 201835
Download: 58595

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English
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Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

Author:
Publisher: www.alhassanain.org/english
English

This book is corrected and edited by Al-Hassanain (p) Institue for Islamic Heritage and Thought


Notes:

We worked on this book in several formats, because there was not any English translation of this book free downloadable in word, html and pdf as we have been searching it since last year except some parts of it on some sites.

The method of our work was as following:

1- We took the software (android) of Mafatih from the version of Erfan.ir

2- We transfered all parts even page by page into html format by sending one by one of them by sharing on our email: http://alhassanain2014@gmail.com

3- Then, we pasted them into unformatted text, and started to recheck whether there is any error or not, so, we found out that Surah al-Rum has only 26 verses, and like other errors.

4- We saw that this version does has not any chapterizing, so, we chapterized it according to the original text of Persian and then Arabic Translation of it.

5- .....

 

Despite of all we have done, if you see any error, please inform us on our email mentioned above, we welcome it and will try to recorrect as soon as possible.

 

May Allah accept our endeavours in His path, Amen!

Good Luck

http://www.alhassanain.org/english

PRAYERS FOR THE NIGHTS OF RAMADHAN

In Zad al-Ma’ad, ‘Allamah al-Majlisi has referred to the prayers of Ramadan nights in the last chapter of the recommended rites of Ramadan. Hereby, I will refer to these prayers as briefly as mentioned in the book involved:

The First Night Prayer: Four units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Tawheed fifteen times.

The Second Night Prayer: Four units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Qadr twenty times.

The Third Night Prayer: Ten units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Tawheed fifty times.

The Fourth Night Prayer: Eight units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Qadr twenty times.

The Fifth Night Prayer: Two units with Surah al-Faatehah and Surah al-Tawheed fifty times. After accomplishment, SWALAWAT is repeated one hundred times:

The Sixth Night Prayer: Four units with Surah al-Faatehah and Surah al-Mulk (No. 67).

The Seventh Night Prayer: Four units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Qadr thirteen times.

The Eighth Night Prayer: Two units with Surah al-Faatehah and Surah al-Tawheed ten times. After accomplishment, SUBHANA ALLAH is repeated one thousand times:

The Ninth Night Prayer: Six units offered between the Maghrib and Isha’ obligatory Prayers with Surah al-Faatehah and Ayah al-Kursi seven times. After accomplishment, SWALAWAT is repeated fifty times:

The Tenth Night Prayer: Twenty units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Tawheed thirty times.

The Eleventh Night Prayer: Two units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Kawthar (No. 108) twenty times.

The Twelfth Night Prayer: Eight units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Qadr thirty times.

The Thirteenth Night Prayer: Four units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Tawheed twenty-five times.

The Fourteenth Night Prayer: Six units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Zalzalah (No. 99) thirty times.

The Fifteenth Night Prayer: Four units; in the first two units, Surah al-Faatehah is recited once and Surah al-Tawheed repeated one hundred times. In the last two units, Surah al-Faatehah is recited once and Surah al-Tawheed repeated fifty times.

The Sixteenth Night Prayer: Twelve units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Takathur (No. 102) twelve times.

The Seventeenth Night Prayer: Two units with Surah al-Faatehah once and any selected Surah in the first unit and Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Tawheed one hundred times. After accomplishment, LA ILAHA ILLA ALLAH is repeated one hundred times:

The Eighteenth Night Prayer: Four units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Kawthar twenty-five times.

The Nineteenth Night Prayer: Fifty units with Surah al-Faatehah and Surah al-Zalzalah (No. 99).

The Twentieth to Twenty-Fourth Nights Prayer: At these nights, it is recommended to offer an eight unit prayer with any selected Surahs.

The Twenty-Fifth Night Prayer: Eight units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Tawheed ten times.

The Twenty-Sixth Night Prayer: Eight units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Tawheed one hundred times.

The Twenty-Seventh Night Prayer: Four units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Mulk. If this is impossible, replace Surah al-Mulk with repeating Surah al-Tawheed twenty-five times.

The Twenty-Eighth Night Prayer: Six units with Surah al-Faatehah once and Ayah al-Kursi one hundred times, Surah al-Tawheed one hundred times, and Surah al-Kawthar one hundred times. After accomplishment, SWALAWAT is repeated one hundred times:

According to my own readings in the books of narrations, I found that the prayer of the twenty-eighth night of Ramadan consists of six units with Surah al-Faatehah once, Ayah al-Kursi ten times, Surah al-Kawthar ten times, and Surah al-Tawheed ten times. After accomplishment the same aforementioned invocation is repeated one hundred times.

The Twenty-Ninth Night Prayer: Two units with Surah al-Faatehah and Surah al-Tawheed twenty times.

The Thirtieth Night Prayer: Twelve units with Surah al-Faatehah and Surah al-Tawheed twenty times. After accomplishment, SWALAWAT is repeated one hundred times:

Note that each two units of all of the aforementioned prayers should be separated by uttering the Taslim statement.

SHORT DUAS FOR THE DAYS OF RAMADHAN

It has been narrated on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) referred to the great merits and rewards of observing fast on each day of Ramadan. He also mentioned supplicatory prayers that are dedicated to each of these days with the merits and rewards of saying them. Let us hereby mention these supplicatory prayers only:

The First Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْ صِيَامِي فِيهِ صِيَامَ الصَّائِمِينَ وَ قِيَامِي فِيهِ قِيَامَ الْقَائِمِينَ وَ نَبِّهْنِي فِيهِ عَنْ نَوْمَةِ الْغَافِلِينَ وَ هَبْ لِي جُرْمِي فِيهِ يَا اِلَهَ الْعَالَمِينَ وَ اعْفُ عَنِّي يَا عَافِيا عَنِ الْمُجْرِمِينَ

The Second Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ قَرِّبْنِي فِيهِ اِلَى مَرْضَاتِكَ وَ جَنِّبْنِي فِيهِ مِنْ سَخَطِكَ وَ نَقِمَاتِكَ وَ وَفِّقْنِي فِيهِ لِقِرَاءَةِ آيَاتِكَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ

The Third Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهِ الذِّهْنَ وَ التَّنْبِيهَ وَ بَاعِدْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ السَّفَاهَةِ وَ التَّمْوِيهِ وَ اجْعَلْ لِي نَصِيبا مِنْ كُلِّ خَيْرٍ تُنْزِلُ فِيهِ بِجُودِكَ يَا اَجْوَدَ الْاَجْوَدِينَ

The Fourth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ قَوِّنِي فِيهِ عَلَى اِقَامَةِ اَمْرِكَ وَ اَذِقْنِي فِيهِ حَلاوَةَ ذِكْرِكَ وَ اَوْزِعْنِي فِيهِ لِاَدَاءِ شُكْرِكَ بِكَرَمِكَ وَ احْفَظْنِي فِيهِ بِحِفْظِكَ وَ سِتْرِكَ يَا اَبْصَرَ النَّاظِرِينَ

The Fifth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ الْمُسْتَغْفِرِينَ وَ اجْعَلْنِي فِيهِ مِنْ عِبَادِكَ الصَّالِحِينَ الْقَانِتِينَ وَ اجْعَلْنِي فِيهِ مِنْ اَوْلِيَائِكَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ بِرَأْفَتِكَ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ

The Sixth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ لا تَخْذُلْنِي فِيهِ لِتَعَرُّضِ مَعْصِيَتِكَ وَ لا تَضْرِبْنِي بِسِيَاطِ نَقِمَتِكَ وَ زَحْزِحْنِي فِيهِ مِنْ مُوجِبَاتِ سَخَطِكَ بِمَنِّكَ وَ اَيَادِيكَ يَا مُنْتَهَى رَغْبَةِ الرَّاغِبِينَ

The Seventh Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ اَعِنِّي فِيهِ عَلَى صِيَامِهِ وَ قِيَامِهِ وَ جَنِّبْنِي فِيهِ مِنْ هَفَوَاتِهِ وَ آثَامِهِ وَ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهِ ذِكْرَكَ بِدَوَامِهِ بِتَوْفِيقِكَ يَا هَادِيَ الْمُضِلِّينَ

The Eighth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهِ رَحْمَةَ الْاَيْتَامِ وَ اِطْعَامَ الطَّعَامِ وَ اِفْشَاءَ السَّلامِ وَ صُحْبَةَ الْكِرَامِ بِطَوْلِكَ يَا مَلْجَاَ الْآمِلِينَ

The Ninth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْ لِي فِيهِ نَصِيبا مِنْ رَحْمَتِكَ الْوَاسِعَةِ وَ اهْدِنِي فِيهِ لِبَرَاهِينِكَ السَّاطِعَةِ وَ خُذْ بِنَاصِيَتِي اِلَى مَرْضَاتِكَ الْجَامِعَةِ بِمَحَبَّتِكَ يَا اَمَلَ الْمُشْتَاقِينَ

The Tenth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ الْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ عَلَيْكَ وَ اجْعَلْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ الْفَائِزِينَ لَدَيْكَ وَ اجْعَلْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ اِلَيْكَ بِاِحْسَانِكَ يَا غَايَةَ الطَّالِبِينَ

The Eleventh Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ حَبِّبْ اِلَيَّ فِيهِ الْاِحْسَانَ وَ كَرِّهْ اِلَيَّ فِيهِ الْفُسُوقَ وَ الْعِصْيَانَ وَ حَرِّمْ عَلَيَّ فِيهِ السَّخَطَ وَ النِّيرَانَ بِعَوْنِكَ يَا غِيَاثَ الْمُسْتَغِيثِينَ

The Twelfth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ زَيِّنِّي فِيهِ بِالسِّتْرِ وَ الْعَفَافِ وَ اسْتُرْنِي فِيهِ بِلِبَاسِ الْقُنُوعِ وَ الْكَفَافِ وَ احْمِلْنِي فِيهِ عَلَى الْعَدْلِ وَ الْاِنْصَافِ وَ آمِنِّي فِيهِ مِنْ كُلِّ مَا اَخَافُ بِعِصْمَتِكَ يَا عِصْمَةَ الْخَائِفِينَ

The Thirteenth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ طَهِّرْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ الدَّنَسِ وَ الْاَقْذَارِ وَ صَبِّرْنِي فِيهِ عَلَى كَائِنَاتِ الْاَقْدَارِ وَ وَفِّقْنِي فِيهِ لِلتُّقَى وَ صُحْبَةِ الْاَبْرَارِ بِعَوْنِكَ يَا قُرَّةَ عَيْنِ الْمَسَاكِينِ

The Fourteenth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ لا تُؤَاخِذْنِي فِيهِ بِالْعَثَرَاتِ وَ اَقِلْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ الْخَطَايَا وَ الْهَفَوَاتِ وَ لا تَجْعَلْنِي فِيهِ غَرَضا لِلْبَلايَا وَ الْآفَاتِ بِعِزَّتِكَ يَا عِزَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

The Fifteenth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهِ طَاعَةَ الْخَاشِعِينَ وَ اشْرَحْ فِيهِ صَدْرِي بِاِنَابَةِ الْمُخْبِتِينَ بِاَمَانِكَ يَا اَمَانَ الْخَائِفِينَ

The Sixteenth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ وَفِّقْنِي فِيهِ لِمُوَافَقَةِ الْاَبْرَارِ وَ جَنِّبْنِي فِيهِ مُرَافَقَةَ الْاَشْرَارِ وَ آوِنِي فِيهِ بِرَحْمَتِكَ اِلَى [فِي‏] دَارِ الْقَرَارِ بِاِلَهِيَّتِكَ يَا اِلَهَ الْعَالَمِينَ

The Seventeenth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ اهْدِنِي فِيهِ لِصَالِحِ الْاَعْمَالِ وَ اقْضِ لِي فِيهِ الْحَوَائِجَ وَ الْآمَالَ يَا مَنْ لا يَحْتَاجُ اِلَى التَّفْسِيرِ وَ السُّؤَالِ يَا عَالِما بِمَا فِي صُدُورِ الْعَالَمِينَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ الطَّاهِرِينَ

The Eighteenth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ نَبِّهْنِي فِيهِ لِبَرَكَاتِ اَسْحَارِهِ وَ نَوِّرْ فِيهِ قَلْبِي بِضِيَاءِ اَنْوَارِهِ وَ خُذْ بِكُلِّ اَعْضَائِي اِلَى اتِّبَاعِ آثَارِهِ بِنُورِكَ يَا مُنَوِّرَ قُلُوبِ الْعَارِفِينَ

The Nineteenth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ وَفِّرْ فِيهِ حَظِّي مِنْ بَرَكَاتِهِ وَ سَهِّلْ سَبِيلِي اِلَى خَيْرَاتِهِ وَ لا تَحْرِمْنِي قَبُولَ حَسَنَاتِهِ يَا هَادِيا اِلَى الْحَقِّ الْمُبِينِ

The Twentieth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي فِيهِ اَبْوَابَ الْجِنَانِ وَ اَغْلِقْ عَنِّي فِيهِ اَبْوَابَ النِّيرَانِ وَ وَفِّقْنِي فِيهِ لِتِلاوَةِ الْقُرْآنِ يَا مُنْزِلَ السَّكِينَةِ فِي قُلُوبِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

The Twenty-First Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْ لِي فِيهِ اِلَى مَرْضَاتِكَ دَلِيلا وَ لا تَجْعَلْ لِلشَّيْطَانِ فِيهِ عَلَيَّ سَبِيلا وَ اجْعَلِ الْجَنَّةَ لِي مَنْزِلا وَ مَقِيلا يَا قَاضِيَ حَوَائِجِ الطَّالِبِينَ

The Twenty-Second Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي فِيهِ اَبْوَابَ فَضْلِكَ وَ اَنْزِلْ عَلَيَّ فِيهِ بَرَكَاتِكَ وَ وَفِّقْنِي فِيهِ لِمُوجِبَاتِ مَرْضَاتِكَ وَ اَسْكِنِّي فِيهِ بُحْبُوحَاتِ جَنَّاتِكَ يَا مُجِيبَ دَعْوَةِ الْمُضْطَرِّينَ

The Twenty-Third Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ اغْسِلْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ وَ طَهِّرْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ الْعُيُوبِ وَ امْتَحِنْ قَلْبِي فِيهِ بِتَقْوَى الْقُلُوبِ يَا مُقِيلَ عَثَرَاتِ الْمُذْنِبِينَ

The Twenty-Fourth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّي اَسْاَلُكَ فِيهِ مَا يُرْضِيكَ وَ اَعُوذُ بِكَ مِمَّا يُؤْذِيكَ وَ اَسْاَلُكَ التَّوْفِيقَ فِيهِ لِاَنْ اُطِيعَكَ وَ لا اَعْصِيَكَ يَا جَوَادَ السَّائِلِينَ

The Twenty-Fifth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي فِيهِ مُحِبّا لِاَوْلِيَائِكَ وَ مُعَادِيا لِاَعْدَائِكَ مُسْتَنّا بِسُنَّةِ خَاتَمِ اَنْبِيَائِكَ يَا عَاصِمَ قُلُوبِ النَّبِيِّينَ

The Twenty-Sixth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْ سَعْيِي فِيهِ مَشْكُورا وَ ذَنْبِي فِيهِ مَغْفُورا وَ عَمَلِي فِيهِ مَقْبُولا وَ عَيْبِي فِيهِ مَسْتُورا يَا اَسْمَعَ السَّامِعِينَ

The Twenty-Seventh Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهِ فَضْلَ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ وَ صَيِّرْ اُمُورِي فِيهِ مِنَ الْعُسْرِ اِلَى الْيُسْرِ وَ اقْبَلْ مَعَاذِيرِي وَ حُطَّ عَنِّيَ الذَّنْبَ وَ الْوِزْرَ يَا رَءُوفا بِعِبَادِهِ الصَّالِحِينَ

The Twenty-Eighth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ وَفِّرْ حَظِّي فِيهِ مِنَ النَّوَافِلِ وَ اَكْرِمْنِي فِيهِ بِاِحْضَارِ الْمَسَائِلِ وَ قَرِّبْ فِيهِ وَسِيلَتِي اِلَيْكَ مِنْ بَيْنِ الْوَسَائِلِ يَا مَنْ لا يَشْغَلُهُ اِلْحَاحُ الْمُلِحِّينَ

The Twenty-Ninth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ غَشِّنِي فِيهِ بِالرَّحْمَةِ وَ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهِ التَّوْفِيقَ وَ الْعِصْمَةَ وَ طَهِّرْ قَلْبِي مِنْ غَيَاهِبِ التُّهَمَةِ يَا رَحِيما بِعِبَادِهِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

The Thirtieth Day Supplication

اللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْ صِيَامِي فِيهِ بِالشُّكْرِ وَ الْقَبُولِ عَلَى مَا تَرْضَاهُ وَ يَرْضَاهُ الرَّسُولُ مُحْكَمَةً فُرُوعُهُ بِالْاُصُولِ بِحَقِّ سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ الطَّاهِرِينَ وَ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ.

Books of supplicatory prayers have disagreed about the order of some supplicatory prayers and acts of worship. To me, I do not render such narrations considerable; therefore, I have not referred to them. For instance, al-Kaf’ami has mentioned the twenty-seventh day supplicatory to be said on the twenty-ninth of Ramadan. It is not improbable to say the supplicatory prayer on the twenty-third of Ramadan, according to the doctrine of Shi’ism.

FOURTH CHAPTER: AMAAL OF SHAWWAL

1ST NIGHT OF SHAWWAL

The first night of Shawwal is one of the blessed nights. Many narrations have referred to the great merits and rewards of those who spend this night, as a whole, with acts of worship. Moreover, some narrations have mentioned that this night is not less blessed than the Qadr Night. The devotional acts at this night are as follows:

First: It is recommended to bathe oneself at sunset.

Second: It is recommended to spend the whole night with offering prayers, supplicating, imploring for forgiveness, and staying at mosques.

Third: It is recommended to say the following doxology after the obligatory Maghrib Prayer, Isha’ Prayer, Fajr Prayer, and the ‘Id al-Fitr Prayer:

اللّٰهُ اَكْبَرُ اللّٰهُ اَكْبَرُ لا اِلَهَ اِلا اللّٰهُ وَ اللّٰهُ اَكْبَرُ اللّٰهُ اَكْبَرُ وَ لِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ عَلَى مَا هَدَانَا وَ لَهُ الشُّكْرُ عَلَى مَا اَوْلانَا .

Fourth: After accomplishing the Maghrib obligatory and supererogatory prayers, it is recommended to raise the hands towards the sky and say the following:

يَا ذَا الْمَنِّ وَ الطَّوْلِ يَا ذَا الْجُودِ يَا مُصْطَفِيَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ نَاصِرَهُ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اغْفِرْ لِي كُلَّ ذَنْبٍ اَحْصَيْتَهُ وَ هُوَ عِنْدَكَ فِي كِتَابٍ مُبِينٍ.

Then, it is recommended to prostrate oneself and repeat the following statement one hundred times:

اتوب الى اللّه

Then, one may pray Almighty Allah for all needs required, for they shall be granted, by Almighty Allah’s permission.

According to the narration mentioned by Shaykh al-Tusi, it is recommended to prostrate after the Maghrib and Isha’ Prayers and then say the following supplicatory prayer:

يَا ذَا الْحَوْلِ يَا ذَا الطَّوْلِ يَا مُصْطَفِيا مُحَمَّدا وَ نَاصِرَهُ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اغْفِرْ لِي كُلَّ ذَنْبٍ اَذْنَبْتُهُ وَ نَسِيتُهُ اَنَا وَ هُوَ عِنْدَكَ فِي كِتَابٍ مُبِينٍ

Then, one may repeat the following one hundred times:

اتوب الى اللّه

Fifth: It is recommended to visit the holy tomb of Imam al-Husayn (a.s.), for this act brings about a great reward. In the coming chapter of Ziyarat, the form of Ziyarah that is dedicated to this night will be cited.

PRAYERS & DU'AS OF NIGHT OF EID UL FITR

Sixth: It is recommended to repeat the following supplicatory prayer ten times. It has been already cited within the devotional acts at Friday nights:

Seventh: It is recommended to offer the ten unit prayer which has been mentioned within the devotional acts of the last night of Ramadan.

Eighth: It is recommended to offer a two unit prayer reciting, in the first unit, Surah al-Faatehah once and repeating Surah al-Tawheed one thousand times and reciting, in the second unit, Surah al-Faatehah once and Surah al-Tawheed once only. After accomplishment, it is recommended to prostrate and say the following:

اتوب الى اللّه آنگاه بگويد:

After that, the following supplicatory prayer should be said:

يَا ذَا الْمَنِّ وَ الْجُودِ يَا ذَا الْمَنِّ وَ الطَّوْلِ يَا مُصْطَفِيَ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ وَ افْعَلْ بِي كَذَا وَ كَذَا.

Then, one may pray for the granting of one’s personal needs.

It is reported that when Imam AliAmeer al-Momineen(a.s.) used to offer this prayer, he would say, “I swear by Him Who grasps my soul, Almighty Allah shall definitely respond to whoever offers this prayer and then prays Him for granting his needs, and Almighty Allah shall forgive him even if his sins would be as much as the pebbles in deserts.”

According to another narration, Surah al-Tawheed is repeated one hundred times, not one thousand. Yet, this narration has mentioned that this prayer is offered after the Maghrib obligatory and supererogatory prayers.

Having mentioned this prayer, Shaykh al-Tusi and Sayyid Ibn Tawus recorded that the following supplicatory prayer should be said after the prayer:

يَا اللّٰهُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَحْمَانُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَحِيمُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مَلِكُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا قُدُّوسُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا سَلامُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُؤْمِنُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُهَيْمِنُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا عَزِيزُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا جَبَّارُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُتَكَبِّرُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا خَالِقُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا بَارِئُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُصَوِّرُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا عَالِمُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا عَظِيمُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا عَلِيمُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا كَرِيمُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا حَلِيمُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا حَكِيمُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا سَمِيعُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا بَصِيرُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا قَرِيبُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُجِيبُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا جَوَادُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مَاجِدُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مَلِيُّ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا وَفِيُّ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مَوْلَى يَا اللّٰهُ يَا قَاضِي، يَا اللّٰهُ يَا سَرِيعُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا شَدِيدُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَءُوفُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَقِيبُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مَجِيدُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا حَفِيظُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُحِيطُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا سَيِّدَ السَّادَاتِ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا اَوَّلُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا آخِرُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا ظَاهِرُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا بَاطِنُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا فَاخِرُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا قَاهِرُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَبَّاهْ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَبَّاهْ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَبَّاهْ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا وَدُودُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا نُورُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَافِعُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مَانِعُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا دَافِعُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا فَاتِحُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا نَفَّاحُ [نَفَّاعُ‏] يَا اللّٰهُ يَا جَلِيلُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا جَمِيلُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا شَهِيدُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا شَاهِدُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُغِيثُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا حَبِيبُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا فَاطِرُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُطَهِّرُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مَلِكُ،[مَلِيكُ‏] يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُقْتَدِرُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا قَابِضُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا بَاسِطُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُحْيِي يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُمِيتُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا بَاعِثُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا وَارِثُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُعْطِي يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُفْضِلُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُنْعِمُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا حَقُّ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُبِينُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا طَيِّبُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُحْسِنُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُجْمِلُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُبْدِئُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُعِيدُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا بَارِئُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا بَدِيعُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا هَادِي يَا اللّٰهُ يَا كَافِي يَا اللّٰهُ يَا شَافِي يَا اللّٰهُ يَا عَلِيُّ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا عَظِيمُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا حَنَّانُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مَنَّانُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا ذَا الطَّوْلِ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُتَعَالِي يَا اللّٰهُ يَا عَدْلُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا ذَا الْمَعَارِجِ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا صَادِقُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا صَدُوقُ، يَا اللّٰهُ يَا دَيَّانُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا بَاقِي يَا اللّٰهُ يَا وَاقِي يَا اللّٰهُ يَا ذَا الْجَلالِ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا ذَا الْاِكْرَامِ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مَحْمُودُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مَعْبُودُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا صَانِعُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُعِينُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا مُكَوِّنُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا فَعَّالُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا لَطِيفُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا غَفُورُ يَا اللّٰهُ [يَا جَلِيلُ يَا اللّٰهُ‏] يَا شَكُورُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا نُورُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا قَدِيرُ [قَدِيمُ‏] يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَبَّاهْ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَبَّاهْ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَبَّاهْ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَبَّاهْ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَبَّاهْ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَبَّاهْ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَبَّاهْ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَبَّاهْ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَبَّاهْ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَبَّاهْ يَا اللّٰهُ اَسْاَلُكَ اَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ تَمُنَّ عَلَيَّ بِرِضَاكَ وَ تَعْفُوَ عَنِّي بِحِلْمِكَ وَ تُوَسِّعَ عَلَيَّ مِنْ رِزْقِكَ الْحَلالِ الطَّيِّبِ وَ مِنْ حَيْثُ اَحْتَسِبُ ، وَ مِنْ حَيْثُ لا اَحْتَسِبُ فَاِنِّي عَبْدُكَ لَيْسَ لِي اَحَدٌ سِوَاكَ وَ لا اَحَدٌ اَسْاَلُهُ غَيْرُكَ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ مَا شَاءَ اللّٰهُ لا قُوَّةَ اِلا بِاللّٰهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيمِ

One may then prostrate oneself and say the following:

يَا اللّٰهُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَبِّ يَا رَبِّ يَا رَبِّ يَا مُنْزِلَ الْبَرَكَاتِ بِكَ تُنْزَلُ كُلُّ حَاجَةٍ اَسْاَلُكَ بِكُلِّ اسْمٍ فِي مَخْزُونِ الْغَيْبِ عِنْدَكَ وَ الْاَسْمَاءِ الْمَشْهُورَاتِ عِنْدَكَ الْمَكْتُوبَةِ عَلَى سُرَادِقِ عَرْشِكَ اَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اَنْ تَقْبَلَ مِنِّي شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ وَ تَكْتُبَنِي مِنَ الْوَافِدِينَ اِلَى بَيْتِكَ الْحَرَامِ وَ تَصْفَحَ لِي عَنِ الذُّنُوبِ الْعِظَامِ وَ تَسْتَخْرِجَ لِي يَا رَبِّ كُنُوزَكَ يَا رَحْمَانُ.

AAMAL FOR THE DAY OF EID UL FITR

Ninth: It is recommended to offer a prayer of fourteen units and to recite Surah al-Faatehah once, Ayah al-Kursi once, and Surah al-Tawheed three times at each unit. The reward of offering each unit of this prayer is as same as the reward of forty-year worship as well as the reward of each and every one who has observed fasting and offered prayers in this month.

Tenth: In Misbah al-Mutahajjid, Shaykh al-Tusi says: At the last hour of this night, you may bathe yourself and sit in your prayer-place until dawn.

AAMAL OF EID UL FITR DAY

The devotional acts on the ‘Id al-Fitr Day, the first of Shawwal, are as follows:

First: It is recommended to say the supplicatory prayer that has been mentioned within the acts of the ‘Id al-Fitr Night to be said after the obligatory prayers and that begins with (AllahuakbarAllahu akbar) after the Fajr Prayer and after the ‘Id al-Fitr Prayer.

Second: It is recommended to say, after the Fajr Prayer, the supplicatory prayer, which begins with the following statement:

اللّهم انى توجّهت اليك‏ بمحمّد امامى

This supplicatory prayer has been mentioned by Sayyid Ibn Tawus. However, Shaykh al-Tusi has mentioned that this prayer is said after the ‘Id al-Fitr Prayer (Salat al-’Id).

Third: It is obligatory to defray Zakat al-Fitrah as a single sa’ (a measure) for each person before the time of the ‘Id al-Fitr Prayer with details shown in books of Muslim jurisprudence. It is worth mentioning that Zakat al-Fitrah is one of the confirmed obligations, since the acceptance of one’s fasting is dependent upon the defrayment of this alms. It is also security against death up to the next year. In the following verses of the Holy Qur’an, Almighty Allah has mentioned Zakat before the prayers:

“He indeed shall be successful who pays Zakat, magnifies the name of his Lord, and prays. 87/14-15”

Fourth: It is recommended to bathe oneself on this day. It is more preferable to bathe oneself in a river, if possible. In the word of Shaykh al-Tusi, the time of bathing is the period between dawn and the ‘Id al-Fitr Prayer. According to a Hadith, when you want to bathe yourself (in a river), try to be under shadow or under a wall. When you intend to begin the bathing, you may say the following:

اللّٰهُمَّ اِيمَانا بِكَ وَ تَصْدِيقا بِكِتَابِكَ وَ اتِّبَاعَ سُنَّةِ نَبِيِّكَ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ

You may then mention the Name of Almighty Allahand bathe yourself.

After accomplishment, you may say the following:

اللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْهُ كَفَّارَةً لِذُنُوبِي وَ طَهِّرْ دِينِي اللّٰهُمَّ اَذْهِبْ عَنِّي الدَّنَسَ .

Fifth: It is recommended to put on the best clothes, apply perfumes, and offer the prayer in an open place, other than Holy Makkah.

Sixth: It is recommended to eat something, as a breaking of the fast, before the ‘Id al-Fitr Prayer. It is preferable to break the fast with some dates or a piece of candy. Shaykh al-Mufid has mentioned that it is advisable to swallow a piece of the soil of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb, for it is remedy for all illnesses.

Seventh: It is recommended not to leave one’s house for joining the congregational ‘Id al-Fitr Prayer before sunrise. It is also recommended to say the supplicatory prayers that have been mentioned by Sayyid Ibn Tawus in Iqbal al-A’mal. Among these supplicatory prayers is the one that Abu-Hamzah al-Thumali has reported Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s.) as saying: Whey you ready yourself for joining the congregational Friday Prayers and the ‘Id Prayers, you may say the following supplicatory prayer:

اللّٰهُمَّ مَنْ تَهَيَّاَ فِي هٰذَا الْيَوْمِ اَوْ تَعَبَّاَ اَوْ اَعَدَّ وَ اسْتَعَدَّ لِوِفَادَةٍ اِلَى مَخْلُوقٍ رَجَاءَ رِفْدِهِ وَ نَوَافِلِهِ وَ فَوَاضِلِهِ وَ عَطَايَاهُ فَاِنَّ اِلَيْكَ يَا سَيِّدِي تَهْيِئَتِي وَ تَعْبِئَتِي وَ اِعْدَادِي وَ اسْتِعْدَادِي رَجَاءَ رِفْدِكَ وَ جَوَائِزِكَ وَ نَوَافِلِكَ وَ فَوَاضِلِكَ وَ فَضَائِلِكَ وَ عَطَايَاكَ وَ قَدْ غَدَوْتُ اِلَى عِيدٍ مِنْ اَعْيَادِ اُمَّةِ نَبِيِّكَ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَوَاتُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْهِ وَ عَلَى آلِهِ وَ لَمْ اَفِدْ اِلَيْكَ الْيَوْمَ بِعَمَلٍ صَالِحٍ اَثِقُ بِهِ قَدَّمْتُهُ وَ لا تَوَجَّهْتُ بِمَخْلُوقٍ اَمَّلْتُهُ وَ لَكِنْ اَتَيْتُكَ خَاضِعا مُقِرّا بِذُنُوبِي وَ اِسَاءَتِي اِلَى نَفْسِي فَيَا عَظِيمُ يَا عَظِيمُ يَا عَظِيمُ اغْفِرْ لِيَ الْعَظِيمَ مِنْ ذُنُوبِي فَاِنَّهُ لا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ الْعِظَامَ اِلا اَنْتَ يَا لا اِلَهَ اِلا اَنْتَ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ.

EID PRAYER

Eighth: It is recommended, thereafter, to offer the ‘Id Prayer (Salat al-’Id), which consists of two units. In the first unit, recite Surah al-Faatehah and Surah al-A’la (No. 87). After the recitation of these Surahs, say the Takbir statement (i.e. Allahu-akbar) five times and raise your hands for Qunut after each Takbir, saying:

اللّٰهُمَّ [اَنْتَ اَهْلُ‏] اَهْلَ الْكِبْرِيَاءِ وَ الْعَظَمَةِ وَ اَهْلَ الْجُودِ وَ الْجَبَرُوتِ وَ اَهْلَ الْعَفْوِ وَ الرَّحْمَةِ وَ اَهْلَ التَّقْوَى وَ الْمَغْفِرَةِ اَسْاَلُكَ بِحَقِّ هٰذَا الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي جَعَلْتَهُ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ عِيدا وَ لِمُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللّٰهِ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ ذُخْرا وَ شَرَفا وَ مَزِيدا اَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اَنْ تُدْخِلَنِي فِي كُلِّ خَيْرٍ اَدْخَلْتَ فِيهِ مُحَمَّدا وَ آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اَنْ تُخْرِجَنِي مِنْ كُلِّ سُوءٍ اَخْرَجْتَ مِنْهُ مُحَمَّدا وَ آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِ وَ عَلَيْهِمْ اَجْمَعِينَ اللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّي اَسْاَلُكَ خَيْرَ مَا سَاَلَكَ مِنْهُ عِبَادُكَ الصَّالِحُونَ وَ اَعُوذُ بِكَ فِيهِ مِمَّا اسْتَعَاذَ مِنْهُ عِبَادُكَ الصَّالِحُونَ الْمُخْلِصُونَ

You may then say the Takbir statement for the sixth time, do the genuflection (ruku’), and prostrate yourself (sujud). When you stand up for the second unit, recite Surah al-Faatehah and Surah al-Shams (No. 91) and then say the Takbir statement four times only raising the hands for Qunut after each statement. After that, say the fifth Takbir statement and continue the prayer. After accomplishment of the prayer, say the famous Tasbih al-Zahra’(a.s.).

Narrations have mentioned many supplicatory prayers to be said after the ‘Id Prayer; rather, the best of them may be the forty-sixth supplication of al-Sahifah al-Kamilah al-Sajjadiyyah

It is also recommended to offer the ‘Id Prayer outdoors, directly on the ground without putting a carpet or any other thing under the feet, to return from a way other than the one taken in the coming, and to pray Almighty Allah for accepting the acts of one’s brethren-in-faith.

Ninth: It is recommended to visit the holy tomb of Imam al-Husayn (a.s.).

Tenth: It is recommended to say the famous supplicatory prayer known as Dua al-Nudbah, which will be cited later on in this book. Sayyid Ibn Tawus has instructed, saying: After saying Dua al-Nudbah, prostrate yourself and say the following:

اَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ نَارٍ حَرُّهَا لا يُطْفَى وَ جَدِيدُهَا لا يَبْلَى وَ عَطْشَانُهَا لا يَرْوَى

You may then put your right cheek on the ground and say the following:

اِلَهِي لا تُقَلِّبْ وَجْهِي فِي النَّارِ بَعْدَ سُجُودِي وَ تَعْفِيرِي لَكَ بِغَيْرِ مَنٍّ مِنِّي عَلَيْكَ بَلْ لَكَ الْمَنُّ عَلَيَّ

You may then put your left cheek on the ground and say the following:

ارْحَمْ مَنْ اَسَاءَ وَ اقْتَرَفَ وَ اسْتَكَانَ وَ اعْتَرَفَ.

You may then return to the (ordinary) prostration and say the following:

اِنْ كُنْتُ بِئْسَ الْعَبْدُ فَاَنْتَ نِعْمَ الرَّبُّ عَظُمَ الذَّنْبُ مِنْ عَبْدِكَ فَلْيَحْسُنِ الْعَفْوُ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ يَا كَرِيمُ

You may then repeat the following word one hundred times:

الْعَفْوَ الْعَفْوَ

Sayyid Ibn Tawus then adds, “Do not spend this day with entertainment and negligence while you do not know whether your deeds have been accepted or rejected. Rather, if you hope for acceptance of your deeds, you must show thanks; and if you anticipate rejection, you must be intensely sad.”

THE TWENTY-FIFTH OF SHAWWAL

According to some narrations, Imam Ja’far ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq(a.s.) departed life on the twenty fifth of Shawwal, AH 148. However, other historians have decided that he departed life on the fifteenth of Rajab. The reason of his death was that he was offered poisoned grapes. It has been also narrated that at his last hours, he (a.s.) gathered all his relatives and said to them, “Our Intercession (shafa’ah) shall not be won by him who belittles his prayers and who does not care for them.”

FIFTH CHAPTER: ZILQAD

ZILQAD

The month of Dhu’l-Qa’dah is the first of the Sacred Months to which Almighty Allah has referred in the Holy Qur’an. Sayyid Ibn Tawus defines this month as the month of responding to the prayers in hardships. The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) is reported as having mentioned a great reward for those who offer a special prayer on Sundays in Dhu’l-Qa’dah, adding that their repentance would be accepted, their sins forgiven, their rivals made pleased with them on the Resurrection Day, caused to die on true faith, given the true religion, granted expansion and light in the grave, the parents made pleased with them, their parents and offspring had their sins forgiven, provided with expansive sustenance, and granted lenience of the Angel of Death and easiness of their souls leaving their bodies.

The method of this prayer is that one should bathe oneself on Sunday, do the ritual ablution (wudu’), and offer a four-unit prayer in each unit of which Surah al-Faatehah is recited once, Surah al-Tawheed repeated three times, and Surahs al-Falaq and al-Nas recited once each. After that, the statement of imploring for forgiveness (Istighfar: saying, astaghfirullah) is repeated one hundred times, and, finally, the following statement is said:

لا حَوْلَ وَ لا قُوَّةَ اِلا بِاللّٰهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيمِ

After that, the following supplicatory prayer is said:

يَا عَزِيزُ يَا غَفَّارُ اغْفِرْ لِي ذُنُوبِي وَ ذُنُوبَ جَمِيعِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ فَاِنَّهُ لا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ اِلا اَنْتَ .

It is worth mentioning that a Hadith reads that to observe fasting on three consecutive days in a sacred month; namely, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, brings about the reward of nine hundred year worship.

The lofty Shaykh Ali ibn Ibrahim al-Qummi says, “The rewards of good deeds, as well as the punishments for evil deeds, are doubled in the sacred months.”

11TH, 15TH & 23RD OF ZILQAD

THE ELEVENTH OF DHU’L-QA’DAH

On the eleventh of Dhu’l-Qa’dah, AH 148, Imam Ali ibn Musa al-Rida(a.s.) was born.

THE FIFTEENTH NIGHT OF DHU’L-QA’DAH

The fifteenth night of Dhu’l-Qa’dah is a blessed night at which Almighty Allah observes His faithful servants with the eye of mercy. According to a tradition that is reported from the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), one who practices acts of worship at this night will have the reward of one hundred fasters who confine themselves to mosques and who have never disobeyed Almighty Allah. Accordingly, it is highly advisable to seize this excellent opportunity and practice acts of worship and obedience, offer prayers, and pray Almighty Allah for granting one’s needs. In this respect, it has been narrated that Almighty Allah will respond to one who prays Him for any need at this night.

THE TWENTY-THIRD OF DHU’L-QA’DAH

On the twenty-third of Dhu’l-Qa’dah, AH 200, Imam Ali ibn Musa al-Rida(a.s.) departed life, according to some narrations. Hence, it is familiar to visit his tomb on this day whether from nearby or from far off. In this respect, Sayyid Ibn Tawus, in Iqbal al-A’mal, says that he has seen in the book of some non-Arab scholars that it is recommended to visit the holy tomb of Imam al-Rida(a.s.) on the twenty-third of Dhu’l-Qa’dah from nearby or from far off by one of the familiar forms of Ziyarah or any other form.