Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English0%

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English Author:
Publisher: www.alhassanain.org/english
Category: Supplications and Ziyarat

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

This book is corrected and edited by Al-Hassanain (p) Institue for Islamic Heritage and Thought

Author: Sheikh Abbas Al-Qummi
Publisher: www.alhassanain.org/english
Category: visits: 201816
Download: 58594

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English
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Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

Author:
Publisher: www.alhassanain.org/english
English

This book is corrected and edited by Al-Hassanain (p) Institue for Islamic Heritage and Thought


Notes:

We worked on this book in several formats, because there was not any English translation of this book free downloadable in word, html and pdf as we have been searching it since last year except some parts of it on some sites.

The method of our work was as following:

1- We took the software (android) of Mafatih from the version of Erfan.ir

2- We transfered all parts even page by page into html format by sending one by one of them by sharing on our email: http://alhassanain2014@gmail.com

3- Then, we pasted them into unformatted text, and started to recheck whether there is any error or not, so, we found out that Surah al-Rum has only 26 verses, and like other errors.

4- We saw that this version does has not any chapterizing, so, we chapterized it according to the original text of Persian and then Arabic Translation of it.

5- .....

 

Despite of all we have done, if you see any error, please inform us on our email mentioned above, we welcome it and will try to recorrect as soon as possible.

 

May Allah accept our endeavours in His path, Amen!

Good Luck

http://www.alhassanain.org/english

SUPPLICATORY PRAYER FOR SEEKING REFUGE WITH ALLAH

DU’A’ AL-I’TISAM

Seventh Tradition: According to a validly reported tradition, when Imam al-Sadiq (‘a) came to Iraq, some people came to him and asked, “We have already known that the clay of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb is remedy for all maladies. Is it also security against all feared matters?”

The Imam (‘a) answered, “Yes, it is. Whoever would like this clay to secure him against all fears, may hold a rosary made of that clay in his hand and repeat the following supplicatory prayer three times:

اَصْبَحْتُ [اَمْسَيْتُ‏] اللّٰهُمَّ مُعْتَصِما بِذِمَامِكَ وَ جِوَارِكَ الْمَنِيعِ الَّذِي لا يُطَاوَلُ وَ لا يُحَاوَلُ مِنْ شَرِّ كُلِّ غَاشِمٍ وَ طَارِقٍ مِنْ سَائِرِ مَنْ خَلَقْتَ وَ مَا خَلَقْتَ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ الصَّامِتِ وَ النَّاطِقِ [فِي جُنَّةٍ] مِنْ كُلِّ مَخُوفٍ بِلِبَاسٍ سَابِغَةٍ حَصِينَةٍ وَ هِيَ وِلاءُ اَهْلِ بَيْتِ نَبِيِّكَ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلامُ [مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ‏] مُحْتَجِزا [مُحْتَجِبا] مِنْ كُلِّ قَاصِدٍ لِي اِلَى اَذِيَّةٍ بِجِدَارٍ حَصِينٍ الْاِخْلاصِ فِي الاعْتِرَافِ بِحَقِّهِمْ وَ التَّمَسُّكِ بِحَبْلِهِمْ جَمِيعا مُوقِنا اَنَّ الْحَقَّ لَهُمْ وَ مَعَهُمْ وَ مِنْهُمْ وَ فِيهِمْ وَ بِهِمْ اُوَالِي مَنْ وَالَوْا وَ اُعَادِي مَنْ عَادَوْا وَ اُجَانِبُ مَنْ جَانَبُوا فَصَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ وَ اَعِذْنِي اللّٰهُمَّ بِهِمْ مِنْ شَرِّ كُلِّ مَا اَتَّقِيهِ يَا عَظِيمُ حَجَزْتُ الْاَعَادِيَ عَنِّي بِبَدِيعِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَ الْاَرْضِ اِنَّا جَعَلْنَا مِنْ بَيْنِ اَيْدِيهِمْ سَدّا وَ مِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ سَدّا فَاَغْشَيْنَاهُمْ فَهُمْ لا يُبْصِرُونَ.

He may then kiss the rosary, rub it over his eyes, and say the following supplicatory words:

اللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّي اَسْاَلُكَ بِحَقِّ هَذِهِ التُّرْبَةِ الْمُبَارَكَةِ وَ بِحَقِّ صَاحِبِهَا وَ بِحَقِّ جَدِّهِ وَ بِحَقِّ اَبِيهِ وَ بِحَقِّ اُمِّهِ وَ بِحَقِّ اَخِيهِ وَ بِحَقِّ وُلْدِهِ الطَّاهِرِينَ اجْعَلْهَا شِفَاءً مِنْ كُلِّ دَاءٍ وَ اَمَانا مِنْ كُلِّ خَوْفٍ وَ حِفْظا مِنْ كُلِّ سُوءٍ.

He may then place in on the forehead. If he does so in the morning, he will be under the security of Almighty Allah up to the evening; and if he does so in the evening, he will be under the security of Almighty Allah up to the next morning.”

According to another tradition, it has been reported that one who fears the persecutive power of a ruler or any other tyrannical person, may do the same as the aforementioned instructions when he goes out of his house so that this will be protection for him.

As a familiar ruling decided by master scholars of Muslim jurisprudence, it is impermissible to have any thing of dust or clay except the blessed clay taken from Imam al-Husayn’s tomb in purpose of seeking healing and with no intention to have an agreeable taste from it provided that the amount that may be had must be as small as a chick-pea grain or, as a precautionary ruling, is not bigger than a seed of lentil. It is also preferred to put that amount of clay in the mouth and have a drink of water, saying the following supplicatory words:

اللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْهُ رِزْقا وَاسِعا وَ عِلْما نَافِعا وَ شِفَاءً مِنْ كُلِّ دَاءٍ وَ سُقْمٍ.

‘Allamah al-Majlisi says that it is precautious to avoid selling the rosary of prostration-clay that are made of the clay of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb; rather, such things must be given as gifts. However, it may be unobjectionable that the two parties of such transaction (of selling or purchasing objects made of this clay) reach an agreement consensually without specifying any article as condition in advance. Supporting this ruling, Imam al-Sadiq (‘a), in a validly reported tradition, is reported to have said, “Whoever sells the dust of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb is considered as having sold his own flesh.”

Our well-versed traditionist and mentor, Shaykh al-Nuri, has mentioned the following story in his book of Dar al-Salam:

When one of my brothers presented himself before my mother, may Allah rest her soul, she noticed that he had put a piece of the clay of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb in his pocket, which is under his garment. She thus reproached him, saying, “This is impoliteness! This piece of clay may be under your thigh and then broken.” He answered, “This is true! Two pieces of this clay have been already broken.” He then promised her not to do this ever again.

A few days later, my father the master scholar, may Allah raise his rank, who did not know about this incident, saw in sleep that our master Imam al-Husayn, peace be upon him, visited him and sat in the reading room where my father used to sit. The Imam (‘a) treated him with kindness and then asked him to summon his sons so that the Imam (‘a) would honor them. So, my father sent for them, who were five with me, and they stood next to the door before the Imam (‘a), who had some stuff of dresses and other things in his hand. He thus called them one by one and gave them a part of that stuff. When it was the turn of my brother whom had been reproached by my mother, the Imam (‘a) looked at him with some anger, turned his face towards my father, and said, “This son of you has broken two pieces of clay taken from my tomb under his thigh.” Then, the Imam (‘a) threw something towards my brother without asking him to take it. As much as I remember, the Imam (‘a) gave my brother a comb-like apparatus that is usually made of clothing and [used in engraving on carpets] called in Persian tirmeh. Hence, when my father woke up, he told my mother of this dream and she told him of her story with her son. So, my father was amazed of this incident.

EIGHTH CHAPTER: MERTIS AND METHOD OF VISITING KAZIMAYN

MERTIS AND METHOD OF VISITING KAZIMAYN

In addition to the merits and method of visiting the holy shrine of Imam Musa al-Kazim and his grandson Imam Muhammad al-Jawad (al-Taqi), this chapter includes some references to Masjid Buratha, the method of visiting the Four Emissaries (of Imam al-Mahdi), may Allah be pleased with them, and the method of visiting Salman.( )

This chapter consists of several sections, as follows:

MERITS AND METHOD OF VISITING IMAM AL-KAZIM AND IMAM AL-JAWAD

MERITS

Traditions have borne great rewards for those who visit these two Infallible Imams (‘a). According to many reports, to visit Imam Musa ibn Ja’far al-Kazim (‘a) is as same as visiting the Holy Prophet (s).

According to another tradition, he who visits Imam al-Kazim (‘a) is as if he has visited the Holy Prophet (s) and Imam ‘Ali Amir al-Mu’minin (‘a).

According to a third tradition, to visit Imam al-Kazim (‘a) is as same as visiting Imam al-Husayn (‘a).

According to a fourth tradition, he who visits Imam al-Kazim (‘a) will have Paradise as reward.

The lofty master scholar, Muhammad ibn Shahr’ashub, has quoted in his book of al-Manaqib al-Khatib al-Baghdadi as saying, in his book of Tarikh Baghdad, that ‘Ali ibn Khallal used to say, “Whenever I faced a grieving problem, I would direct to [the tomb of] Musa ibn Ja’far and beg Allah in the name of him to solve it. Hence, Almighty Allah would always relieve that problem.”

‘Ali ibn Khallal also told this story: In Baghdad, people saw a woman running fast. “Where are you going?” they asked. “I am going to Musa ibn Ja’far, because my son has been led to prison.” Mocking at her, a man of the Hanbali School said to her, “Your son will thus die in the prison!” The woman answered, “I then beseech Allah in the name of the one who was killed in the prison (i.e. Imam al-Kazim) to show me His omnipotence.” So, her son was immediately released and the son of the mocking man was arrested and punished for his felony.

Shaykh al-Saduq has reported Ibrahim ibn ‘Aqabah as saying: I wrote a letter to Imam ‘Ali al-Naqi (al-Hadi) asking him about the merits of visiting Imam al-Husayn (‘a) and visiting Imam Musa ibn Ja’far (‘a) and Imam Muhammad al-Taqi (‘a). (i.e. which is more preferred; to visit Imam al-Husayn or to visit Imam al-Kazim and Imam al-Jawad).

The Imam (‘a) wrote back, “Visiting Abu-’Abdullah (i.e. Imam al-Husayn) is preferred. Visiting Imam al-Kazim and Imam al-Jawad is more comprehensive and more rewardable.”

METHOD

As for the method and the forms of ziyarah in the holy shrine of Imam al-Kazim and Imam al-Jawad, some forms are shared by the two Imams while others are dedicated to each one separately.

ZIYARAH OF IMAM AL KAZIM (A)

As for the forms of ziyarah dedicated to Imam Musa al-Kazim (‘a), Sayyid Ibn Tawus, in his book of al-Mazar, has mentioned the following method and form:

When you intend to visit Imam al-Kazim (‘a), you ought to bathe yourself before you come to the holy shrine with tranquility and solemnity. When you come, you may stop at the gate of the shrine and say the following words:

اللّٰهُ اَكْبَرُ اللّٰهُ اَكْبَرُ لا اِلَهَ اِلا اللّٰهُ وَ اللّٰهُ اَكْبَرُ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ عَلَى هِدَايَتِهِ لِدِينِهِ وَ التَّوْفِيقِ لِمَا دَعَا اِلَيْهِ مِنْ سَبِيلِهِ اللّٰهُمَّ اِنَّكَ اَكْرَمُ مَقْصُودٍ وَ اَكْرَمُ مَأْتِيٍّ وَ قَدْ اَتَيْتُكَ مُتَقَرِّبا اِلَيْكَ بِابْنِ بِنْتِ نَبِيِّكَ صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِ وَ عَلَى آبَائِهِ الطَّاهِرِينَ وَ اَبْنَائِهِ الطَّيِّبِينَ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ لا تُخَيِّبْ سَعْيِي وَ لا تَقْطَعْ رَجَائِي وَ اجْعَلْنِي عِنْدَكَ وَجِيها فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ وَ مِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ.

You may then enter the shrine by preceding your right foot (to the left), saying the following words:

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ وَ بِاللّٰهِ وَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللّٰهِ وَ عَلَى مِلَّةِ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ اللّٰهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَ لِوَالِدَيَّ وَ لِجَمِيعِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ.

When you reach the gate of the dome, you may stop there and ask permission of entrance by saying the following words:

اَ اَدْخُلُ يَا رَسُولَ اللّٰهِ اَ اَدْخُلُ يَا نَبِيَّ اللّٰهِ اَ اَدْخُلُ يَا مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللّٰهِ اَ اَدْخُلُ يَا اَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اَ اَدْخُلُ يَا اَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَسَنَ اَ اَدْخُلُ يَا اَبَا عَبْدِ اللّٰهِ الْحُسَيْنَ اَ اَدْخُلُ يَا اَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ اَ اَدْخُلُ يَا اَبَا جَعْفَرٍ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ اَ اَدْخُلُ يَا اَبَا عَبْدِ اللّٰهِ جَعْفَرَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ اَ اَدْخُلُ يَا مَوْلايَ يَا اَبَا الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى بْنَ جَعْفَرٍ اَ اَدْخُلُ يَا مَوْلايَ يَا اَبَا جَعْفَرٍ اَ اَدْخُلُ يَا مَوْلايَ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَلِيِّ.

While entering, you may repeat the following statement four times:

اللّه اكبر

You may then stop in front of the holy tomb, making the kiblah direction to be between your shoulders, and say the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَلِيَّ اللّٰهِ وَ ابْنَ وَلِيِّهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ اللّٰهِ وَ ابْنَ حُجَّتِهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا صَفِيَّ اللّٰهِ وَ ابْنَ صَفِيِّهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا اَمِينَ اللّٰهِ وَ ابْنَ اَمِينِهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نُورَ اللّٰهِ فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْاَرْضِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا اِمَامَ الْهُدَى السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا عَلَمَ الدِّينِ وَ التُّقَى السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا خَازِنَ عِلْمِ النَّبِيِّينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا خَازِنَ عِلْمِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نَائِبَ الْاَوْصِيَاءِ السَّابِقِينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَعْدِنَ الْوَحْيِ الْمُبِينِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا صَاحِبَ الْعِلْمِ الْيَقِينِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا عَيْبَةَ عِلْمِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الْاِمَامُ الصَّالِحُ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الْاِمَامُ الزَّاهِدُ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الْاِمَامُ الْعَابِدُ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الْاِمَامُ السَّيِّدُ الرَّشِيدُ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الْمَقْتُولُ الشَّهِيدُ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ وَ ابْنَ وَصِيِّهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَوْلايَ مُوسَى بْنَ جَعْفَرٍ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ قَدْ بَلَّغْتَ عَنِ اللّٰهِ مَا حَمَّلَكَ وَ حَفِظْتَ مَا اسْتَوْدَعَكَ وَ حَلَّلْتَ حَلالَ اللّٰهِ وَ حَرَّمْتَ حَرَامَ اللّٰهِ وَ اَقَمْتَ اَحْكَامَ اللّٰهِ وَ تَلَوْتَ كِتَابَ اللّٰهِ وَ صَبَرْتَ عَلَى الْاَذَى فِي جَنْبِ اللّٰهِ وَ جَاهَدْتَ فِي اللّٰهِ حَقَّ جِهَادِهِ حَتَّى اَتَاكَ الْيَقِينُ وَ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ مَضَيْتَ عَلَى مَا مَضَى عَلَيْهِ آبَاؤُكَ الطَّاهِرُونَ وَ اَجْدَادُكَ الطَّيِّبُونَ الْاَوْصِيَاءُ الْهَادُونَ الْاَئِمَّةُ الْمَهْدِيُّونَ لَمْ تُؤْثِرْ عَمًى عَلَى هُدًى وَ لَمْ تَمِلْ مِنْ حَقٍّ اِلَى بَاطِلٍ وَ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ نَصَحْتَ لِلَّهِ وَ لِرَسُولِهِ وَ لِاَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ اَنَّكَ اَدَّيْتَ الْاَمَانَةَ وَ اجْتَنَبْتَ الْخِيَانَةَ وَ اَقَمْتَ الصَّلاةَ وَ آتَيْتَ الزَّكَاةَ وَ اَمَرْتَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَ نَهَيْتَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَ عَبَدْتَ اللّٰهَ مُخْلِصا مُجْتَهِدا مُحْتَسِبا حَتَّى اَتَاكَ الْيَقِينُ فَجَزَاكَ اللّٰهُ عَنِ الْاِسْلامِ ، وَ اَهْلِهِ اَفْضَلَ الْجَزَاءِ وَ اَشْرَفَ الْجَزَاءِ اَتَيْتُكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ زَائِرا عَارِفا بِحَقِّكَ مُقِرّا بِفَضْلِكَ مُحْتَمِلا لِعِلْمِكَ مُحْتَجِبا بِذِمَّتِكَ عَائِذا بِقَبْرِكَ لائِذا بِضَرِيحِكَ مُسْتَشْفِعا بِكَ اِلَى اللّٰهِ مُوَالِيا لِاَوْلِيَائِكَ مُعَادِيا لِاَعْدَائِكَ مُسْتَبْصِرا بِشَأْنِكَ وَ بِالْهُدَى الَّذِي اَنْتَ عَلَيْهِ عَالِما بِضَلالَةِ مَنْ خَالَفَكَ وَ بِالْعَمَى الَّذِي هُمْ عَلَيْهِ بِاَبِي اَنْتَ وَ اُمِّي وَ نَفْسِي وَ اَهْلِي وَ مَالِي وَ وُلْدِي يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ اَتَيْتُكَ مُتَقَرِّبا بِزِيَارَتِكَ اِلَى اللّٰهِ تَعَالَى وَ مُسْتَشْفِعا بِكَ اِلَيْهِ فَاشْفَعْ لِي عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ لِيَغْفِرَ لِي ذُنُوبِي وَ يَعْفُوَ عَنْ جُرْمِي وَ يَتَجَاوَزَ عَنْ سَيِّئَاتِي وَ يَمْحُوَ عَنِّي خَطِيئَاتِي وَ يُدْخِلَنِي الْجَنَّةَ وَ يَتَفَضَّلَ عَلَيَّ بِمَا هُوَ اَهْلُهُ وَ يَغْفِرَ لِي وَ لِآبَائِي وَ لِاِخْوَانِي وَ اَخَوَاتِي وَ لِجَمِيعِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ فِي مَشَارِقِ الْاَرْضِ وَ مَغَارِبِهَا بِفَضْلِهِ وَ جُودِهِ وَ مَنِّهِ .

You may then throw yourself on the grave, smear your two cheeks on it, and pray Almighty Allah for any thing you want.

You may then turn to the side of the Imam’s head and say the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَوْلايَ يَا مُوسَى بْنَ جَعْفَرٍ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ الْاِمَامُ الْهَادِي وَ الْوَلِيُّ الْمُرْشِدُ وَ اَنَّكَ مَعْدِنُ التَّنْزِيلِ وَ صَاحِبُ التَّأْوِيلِ وَ حَامِلُ التَّوْرَاةِ وَ الْاِنْجِيلِ وَ الْعَالِمُ الْعَادِلُ وَ الصَّادِقُ الْعَامِلُ يَا مَوْلايَ اَنَا اَبْرَاُ اِلَى اللّٰهِ مِنْ اَعْدَائِكَ وَ اَتَقَرَّبُ اِلَى اللّٰهِ بِمُوَالاتِكَ فَصَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلَى آبَائِكَ وَ اَجْدَادِكَ وَ اَبْنَائِكَ وَ شِيعَتِكَ وَ مُحِبِّيكَ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ.

You may then offer the two-unit prayer of ziyarah, reciting Surah Yasin (No. 36) –after Surah al-Fatihah in the first unit- and Surah al-Rahman (No. 55) –after Surah al-Fatihah in the second unit. You may also recite any Surah instead. Then, you may pray Almighty Allah for whatever you need.

ANOTHER FORM OF ZIYARAH OF IMAM AL-KAZIM

Shaykh al-Mufid, al-Shahid, and Muhammad ibn al-Mashhadi have said the following:

If you intend to visit Imam al-Kazim (‘a) in Baghdad, you may first bathe yourself with the intention of visiting him, direct to the holy shrine, stop at its gate, ask permission of entrance, and then enter there while saying the following words:

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ وَ بِاللّٰهِ وَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللّٰهِ وَ عَلَى مِلَّةِ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ وَ السَّلامُ عَلَى اَوْلِيَاءِ اللّٰهِ.

You may then walk until you stop in front of the grave of Musa ibn Ja’far (‘a). When you stop there, you may say the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نُورَ اللّٰهِ فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْاَرْضِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَلِيَّ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بَابَ اللّٰهِ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ اَقَمْتَ الصَّلاةَ وَ آتَيْتَ الزَّكَاةَ وَ اَمَرْتَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَ نَهَيْتَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَ تَلَوْتَ الْكِتَابَ حَقَّ تِلاوَتِهِ وَ جَاهَدْتَ فِي اللّٰهِ حَقَّ جِهَادِهِ وَ صَبَرْتَ عَلَى الْاَذَى فِي جَنْبِهِ مُحْتَسِبا وَ عَبَدْتَهُ مُخْلِصا حَتَّى اَتَاكَ الْيَقِينُ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ اَوْلَى بِاللّٰهِ وَ بِرَسُولِهِ وَ اَنَّكَ ابْنُ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ حَقّا اَبْرَاُ اِلَى اللّٰهِ مِنْ اَعْدَائِكَ وَ اَتَقَرَّبُ اِلَى اللّٰهِ بِمُوَالاتِكَ اَتَيْتُكَ يَا مَوْلايَ عَارِفا بِحَقِّكَ مُوَالِيا لِاَوْلِيَائِكَ مُعَادِيا لِاَعْدَائِكَ فَاشْفَعْ لِي عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ.

You may then throw yourself on the grave, kiss it, place both your cheeks on it, turn to the side of the Imam’s head, stop there, and say the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ صَادِقٌ اَدَّيْتَ نَاصِحا وَ قُلْتَ اَمِينا وَ مَضَيْتَ شَهِيدا لَمْ تُؤْثِرْ عَمًى عَلَى الْهُدَى وَ لَمْ تَمِلْ مِنْ حَقٍّ اِلَى بَاطِلٍ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلَى آبَائِكَ وَ اَبْنَائِكَ الطَّاهِرِينَ .

You may then kiss the grave and offer a two-unit prayer. You may then offer any prayer you like. After that, you may prostrate yourself and say the following supplicaroty words:

اللّٰهُمَّ اِلَيْكَ اعْتَمَدْتُ وَ اِلَيْكَ قَصَدْتُ وَ بِفَضْلِكَ رَجَوْتُ وَ قَبْرَ اِمَامِيَ الَّذِي اَوْجَبْتَ عَلَيَّ طَاعَتَهُ زُرْتُ وَ بِهِ اِلَيْكَ تَوَسَّلْتُ فَبِحَقِّهِمُ الَّذِي اَوْجَبْتَ عَلَى نَفْسِكَ اغْفِرْ لِي وَ لِوَالِدَيَّ وَ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَا كَرِيمُ.

You may then put your right cheek on the ground and say the following supplicatory words:

اللّٰهُمَّ قَدْ عَلِمْتَ حَوَائِجِي فَصَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اقْضِهَا.

You may then put your left cheek on the ground and say the following supplicaroty words:

اللّٰهُمَّ قَدْ اَحْصَيْتَ ذُنُوبِي فَبِحَقِّ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اغْفِرْهَا وَ تَصَدَّقْ عَلَيَّ بِمَا اَنْتَ اَهْلُهُ.

You may then return to the position of prostration and repeat the following word one hundred times:

شكرا شكرا

You may then raise your head from prostration and pray for whatever you wish and whomever you wish.

SALAWAT UPON IMAM AL KAZIM (A)

In his book of Misbah al-Za’ir, the sublime Sayyid Ibn Tawus, while referring to some forms of ziyarah of Imam al-Kazim (‘a), has mentioned a form of invoking blessings on him, which contains references to some of the Imam’s virtues, merits, method of worship, and misfortunes. Hence, a visitor of this Imam (‘a) is advised not to miss the reward of this form of invocation of blessings, which is as follows:

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ وَصِيِّ الْاَبْرَارِ وَ اِمَامِ الْاَخْيَارِ وَ عَيْبَةِ الْاَنْوَارِ وَ وَارِثِ السَّكِينَةِ وَ الْوَقَارِ وَ الْحِكَمِ وَ الْآثَارِ الَّذِي كَانَ يُحْيِي اللَّيْلَ بِالسَّهَرِ اِلَى السَّحَرِ بِمُوَاصَلَةِ الاسْتِغْفَارِ حَلِيفِ السَّجْدَةِ الطَّوِيلَةِ وَ الدُّمُوعِ الْغَزِيرَةِ وَ الْمُنَاجَاةِ الْكَثِيرَةِ وَ الضَّرَاعَاتِ الْمُتَّصِلَةِ وَ مَقَرِّ النُّهَى وَ الْعَدْلِ وَ الْخَيْرِ وَ الْفَضْلِ وَ النَّدَى وَ الْبَذْلِ وَ مَأْلَفِ الْبَلْوَى وَ الصَّبْرِ وَ الْمُضْطَهَدِ بِالظُّلْمِ وَ الْمَقْبُورِ بِالْجَوْرِ وَ الْمُعَذَّبِ فِي قَعْرِ السُّجُونِ وَ ظُلَمِ الْمَطَامِيرِ ذِي السَّاقِ الْمَرْضُوضِ بِحَلَقِ الْقُيُودِ وَ الْجَنَازَةِ الْمُنَادَى عَلَيْهَا بِذُلِّ الاسْتِخْفَافِ وَ الْوَارِدِ عَلَى جَدِّهِ الْمُصْطَفَى وَ اَبِيهِ الْمُرْتَضَى وَ اُمِّهِ سَيِّدَةِ النِّسَاءِ، بِاِرْثٍ مَغْصُوبٍ وَ وِلاءٍ مَسْلُوبٍ وَ اَمْرٍ مَغْلُوبٍ وَ دَمٍ مَطْلُوبٍ وَ سَمٍّ مَشْرُوبٍ اللّٰهُمَّ وَ كَمَا صَبَرَ عَلَى غَلِيظِ الْمِحَنِ وَ تَجَرَّعَ غُصَصَ الْكُرَبِ وَ اسْتَسْلَمَ لِرِضَاكَ وَ اَخْلَصَ الطَّاعَةَ لَكَ وَ مَحَضَ الْخُشُوعَ وَ اسْتَشْعَرَ الْخُضُوعَ وَ عَادَى الْبِدْعَةَ وَ اَهْلَهَا وَ لَمْ يَلْحَقْهُ فِي شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْ اَوَامِرِكَ وَ نَوَاهِيكَ لَوْمَةُ لائِمٍ صَلِّ عَلَيْهِ صَلاةً نَامِيَةً مُنِيفَةً زَاكِيَةً تُوجِبُ لَهُ بِهَا شَفَاعَةَ اُمَمٍ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ وَ قُرُونٍ مِنْ بَرَايَاكَ وَ بَلِّغْهُ عَنَّا تَحِيَّةً وَ سَلاما وَ آتِنَا مِنْ لَدُنْكَ فِي مُوَالاتِهِ فَضْلا وَ اِحْسَانا وَ مَغْفِرَةً وَ رِضْوَانا اِنَّكَ ذُو الْفَضْلِ الْعَمِيمِ وَ التَّجَاوُزِ الْعَظِيمِ بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ.

ZIYARAH OF IMAM AL JAWAD

About the ziyarah form dedicated to Imam Muhammad al-Jawad (‘a), the three master scholars (Shaykh al-Mufid, al-Shahid, and Muhammad ibn al-Mashhadi) have said the following:

You may then direct to the tomb of Abu-Ja’far Muhammad ibn ‘Ali al-Jawad (‘a) whose tomb is in the back of the tomb of his grandfather (i.e. Imam al-Kazim). When you stop near the tomb, you may say the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَلِيَّ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نُورَ اللّٰهِ فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْاَرْضِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلَى آبَائِكَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلَى اَبْنَائِكَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلَى اَوْلِيَائِكَ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ قَدْ اَقَمْتَ الصَّلاةَ وَ آتَيْتَ الزَّكَاةَ وَ اَمَرْتَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَ نَهَيْتَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَ تَلَوْتَ الْكِتَابَ حَقَّ تِلاوَتِهِ وَ جَاهَدْتَ فِي اللّٰهِ حَقَّ جِهَادِهِ وَ صَبَرْتَ عَلَى الْاَذَى فِي جَنْبِهِ حَتَّى اَتَاكَ الْيَقِينُ اَتَيْتُكَ زَائِرا عَارِفا بِحَقِّكَ مُوَالِيا لِاَوْلِيَائِكَ مُعَادِيا لِاَعْدَائِكَ فَاشْفَعْ لِي عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ.

You may then kiss the tomb and put your both cheeks on it. You may then offer the two-unit prayer of ziyarah after which you may offer any other prayers. You may then prostrate yourself and say the following words:

ارْحَمْ مَنْ اَسَاءَ وَ اقْتَرَفَ وَ اسْتَكَانَ وَ اعْتَرَفَ

You may then place your right cheek on the ground and say the following words:

اِنْ كُنْتُ بِئْسَ الْعَبْدُ فَاَنْتَ نِعْمَ الرَّبُّ.

You may then place your left cheek on the ground and say the following words:

عَظُمَ الذَّنْبُ مِنْ عَبْدِكَ فَلْيَحْسُنِ الْعَفْوُ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ يَا كَرِيمُ

You may then return to the position of prostration and repeat the following word one hundred times:

شكرا شكرا

You may then leave.

ANOTHER FORM OF ZIYARAH OF IMAM AL-JAWAD

In his book of al-Mazar, Sayyid Ibn Tawus says:

After you visit Imam Musa al-Kazim (‘a), you may stop at the tomb of Imam al-Jawad (‘a), kiss it, and say the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا اَبَا جَعْفَرٍ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ الْبَرَّ التَّقِيَّ الْاِمَامَ الْوَفِيَّ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الرَّضِيُّ الزَّكِيُّ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَلِيَّ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نَجِيَّ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا سَفِيرَ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا سِرَّ اللّٰهِ [سِتْرَ اللّٰهِ‏] السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ضِيَاءَ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا سَنَاءَ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا كَلِمَةَ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَحْمَةَ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا النُّورُ السَّاطِعُ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الْبَدْرُ الطَّالِعُ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الطَّيِّبُ مِنَ الطَّيِّبِينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الطَّاهِرُ مِنَ الْمُطَهَّرِينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الْآيَةُ الْعُظْمَى السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الْحُجَّةُ الْكُبْرَى السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الْمُطَهَّرُ مِنَ الزَّلاتِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الْمُنَزَّهُ عَنِ الْمُعْضِلاتِ [الْمُعْظِلاتِ‏] السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الْعَلِيُّ عَنْ نَقْصِ الْاَوْصَافِ، السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الرَّضِيُّ عِنْدَ الْاَشْرَافِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا عَمُودَ الدِّينِ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ وَلِيُّ اللّٰهِ وَ حُجَّتُهُ فِي اَرْضِهِ وَ اَنَّكَ جَنْبُ اللّٰهِ وَ خِيَرَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ مُسْتَوْدَعُ عِلْمِ اللّٰهِ وَ عِلْمِ الْاَنْبِيَاءِ وَ رُكْنُ الْاِيمَانِ وَ تَرْجُمَانُ الْقُرْآنِ وَ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّ مَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ عَلَى الْحَقِّ وَ الْهُدَى وَ اَنَّ مَنْ اَنْكَرَكَ وَ نَصَبَ لَكَ الْعَدَاوَةَ عَلَى الضَّلالَةِ وَ الرَّدَى اَبْرَاُ اِلَى اللّٰهِ وَ اِلَيْكَ مِنْهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ وَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ مَا بَقِيتُ وَ بَقِيَ اللَّيْلُ وَ النَّهَارُ

INVOCATION OF BLESSINGS UPON IMAM AL-JAWAD

Invoking Almighty Allah’s blessings on Imam al-Jawad (‘a), you may say the following words:

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الزَّكِيِّ التَّقِيِّ وَ الْبَرِّ الْوَفِيِّ وَ الْمُهَذَّبِ النَّقِيِّ هَادِي الْاُمَّةِ وَ وَارِثِ الْاَئِمَّةِ وَ خَازِنِ الرَّحْمَةِ وَ يَنْبُوعِ الْحِكْمَةِ وَ قَائِدِ الْبَرَكَةِ وَ عَدِيلِ الْقُرْآنِ فِي الطَّاعَةِ وَ وَاحِدِ الْاَوْصِيَاءِ فِي الْاِخْلاصِ وَ الْعِبَادَةِ وَ حُجَّتِكَ الْعُلْيَا وَ مَثَلِكَ الْاَعْلَى وَ كَلِمَتِكَ الْحُسْنَى الدَّاعِي اِلَيْكَ وَ الدَّالِّ عَلَيْكَ الَّذِي نَصَبْتَهُ عَلَما لِعِبَادِكَ وَ مُتَرْجِما لِكِتَابِكَ وَ صَادِعا بِاَمْرِكَ وَ نَاصِرا لِدِينِكَ وَ حُجَّةً عَلَى خَلْقِكَ وَ نُورا تَخْرُقُ بِهِ الظُّلَمَ وَ قُدْوَةً تُدْرَكُ بِهَا الْهِدَايَةُ وَ شَفِيعا تُنَالُ بِهِ الْجَنَّةُ اللّٰهُمَّ وَ كَمَا اَخَذَ فِي خُشُوعِهِ لَكَ حَظَّهُ وَ اسْتَوْفَى مِنْ خَشْيَتِكَ نَصِيبَهُ فَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ اَضْعَافَ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى وَلِيًّ ارْتَضَيْتَ طَاعَتَهُ وَ قَبِلْتَ خِدْمَتَهُ وَ بَلِّغْهُ مِنَّا تَحِيَّةً وَ سَلاما وَ آتِنَا فِي مُوَالاتِهِ مِنْ لَدُنْكَ فَضْلا وَ اِحْسَانا وَ مَغْفِرَةً وَ رِضْوَانا اِنَّكَ ذُو الْمَنِّ الْقَدِيمِ وَ الصَّفْحِ الْجَمِيلِ.

You may then offer the two-unit prayer of ziyarah. After accomplishment, you may say the supplication, which begins with this statement:

اَنْتَ الرَّبُّ وَ اَنَا الْمَرْبُوبُ

[This supplication will be quoted entirely within Appendix II of this volume.]

You may then pray Almighty Allah for your personal requests and they shall be granted, Allah willing.

ANOTHER FORM OF ZIYARAH OF IMAM AL-JAWAD

In man-la-yahzuruhu’l-faqih, Shaykh al-Saduq has reported the following:

When you intend to visit Imam al-Jawad (‘a), you may bathe yourself and put on two clean (and ceremonially pure) pieces of clothes. You may then say the following words:

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْاِمَامِ التَّقِيِّ النَّقِيِّ الرَّضِيِّ الْمَرْضِيِّ وَ حُجَّتِكَ عَلَى مَنْ فَوْقَ الْاَرْضِ وَ مَنْ تَحْتَ الثَّرَى صَلاةً كَثِيرَةً نَامِيَةً زَاكِيَةً مُبَارَكَةً مُتَوَاصِلَةً مُتَرَادِفَةً مُتَوَاتِرَةً كَاَفْضَلِ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى اَحَدٍ مِنْ اَوْلِيَائِكَ وَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَلِيَّ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نُورَ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا اِمَامَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ وَارِثَ عِلْمِ النَّبِيِّينَ وَ سُلالَةَ الْوَصِيِّينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نُورَ اللّٰهِ فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْاَرْضِ اَتَيْتُكَ زَائِرا عَارِفا بِحَقِّكَ مُعَادِيا لِاَعْدَائِكَ مُوَالِيا لِاَوْلِيَائِكَ فَاشْفَعْ لِي عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ.

You may then pray Almighty Allah to grant you your personal needs.

You may then offer two prayers with four units under the dome that is over the tomb of Imam al-Jawad (‘a) to the side of his head; a prayer for visiting Imam al-Kazim (‘a) and another prayer for visiting Imam al-Jawad (‘a).

Do not offer a prayer to the side of Imam al-Kazim’s head, because this side is facing the graves of the people of Quraysh, which is impermissible to be taken as direction of prayer (i.e. kiblah).

As understood from the words of Shaykh al-Saduq, the tomb of Imam al-Kazim (‘a) was separated from the tomb of Imam al-Jawad (‘a) by an independent dome and gate. So, visitors used to leave this dome to come under the dome of Imam al-Jawad (‘a), which was thereby an independent building.

ZIYARAH WHICH IS COMMON TO IMAM AL KAZIM AND IMAM AL JAWAD

There are two types of common forms of ziyarah. The first is said to each Imam independently.

The sublime Shaykh Ja’far ibn Muhammad ibn Qawlawayh al-Qummi has reported in his book of Kamil al-Ziyarah that Imam ‘Ali al-Naqi (al-Hadi) instructed to say the following form of ziyarah for each of the two Imams (i.e. al-Kazim and al-Jawad) separately:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَلِيَّ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نُورَ اللّٰهِ فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْاَرْضِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَنْ بَدَا لِلَّهِ فِي شَأْنِهِ اَتَيْتُكَ زَائِرا عَارِفا بِحَقِّكَ مُعَادِيا لِاَعْدَائِكَ مُوَالِيا لِاَوْلِيَائِكَ فَاشْفَعْ [اشْفَعْ‏] لِي عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ يَا مَوْلايَ.

Actually, this form of ziyarah is highly considered; it has been also reported by al-Saduq, al-Kulayni, and al-Tusi with very little difference.

The following are some forms of ziyarah addressed to the two Imams (‘a) altogether.

Al-Mufid, al-Shahid, and Muhammad ibn al-Mashhadi have said the following:

When visiting the two Imams (‘a) together, you may say the following words after you stop at the holy tomb:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُمَا يَا وَلِيَّيِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُمَا يَا حُجَّتَيِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُمَا يَا نُورَيِ اللّٰهِ فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْاَرْضِ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكُمَا قَدْ بَلَّغْتُمَا عَنِ اللّٰهِ مَا حَمَّلَكُمَا وَ حَفِظْتُمَا مَا اسْتُودِعْتُمَا وَ حَلَّلْتُمَا حَلالَ اللّٰهِ وَ حَرَّمْتُمَا حَرَامَ اللّٰهِ وَ اَقَمْتُمَا حُدُودَ اللّٰهِ وَ تَلَوْتُمَا كِتَابَ اللّٰهِ وَ صَبَرْتُمَا عَلَى الْاَذَى فِي جَنْبِ اللّٰهِ مُحْتَسِبَيْنِ حَتَّى اَتَاكُمَا الْيَقِينُ اَبْرَاُ اِلَى اللّٰهِ مِنْ اَعْدَائِكُمَا وَ اَتَقَرَّبُ اِلَى اللّٰهِ بِوِلايَتِكُمَا اَتَيْتُكُمَا زَائِرا عَارِفا بِحَقِّكُمَا مُوَالِيا لِاَوْلِيَائِكُمَا مُعَادِيا لِاَعْدَائِكُمَا مُسْتَبْصِرا بِالْهُدَى الَّذِي اَنْتُمَا عَلَيْهِ عَارِفا بِضَلالَةِ مَنْ خَالَفَكُمَا فَاشْفَعَا لِي عِنْدَ رَبِّكُمَا فَاِنَّ لَكُمَا عِنْدَ اللّٰهِ جَاها عَظِيما وَ مَقَاما مَحْمُودا.

You may then kiss the holy dust (of their graves) and put your right cheek on it. You may then turn to the side of the Imam’s head and say the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُمَا يَا حُجَّتَيِ اللّٰهِ فِي اَرْضِهِ وَ سَمَائِهِ عَبْدُكُمَا وَ وَلِيُّكُمَا زَائِرُكُمَا مُتَقَرِّبا اِلَى اللّٰهِ بِزِيَارَتِكُمَا اللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْ لِي لِسَانَ صِدْقٍ فِي اَوْلِيَائِكَ الْمُصْطَفَيْنَ وَ حَبِّبْ اِلَيَّ مَشَاهِدَهُمْ وَ اجْعَلْنِي مَعَهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ.

You may then offer a two-unit prayer for each Imam and then pray Almighty Allah for anything you wish.

SHORT FORMS OF ZIYARAH?

The age in which these short forms of ziyarah were issued was an age of terrible persecution (against the holy Imams); therefore, they used to practice taqiyyah (self-protection by showing pious dissimulation). The Holy Imams (‘a) therefore taught their followers such short forms of ziyarah so as to protect them against the tyrannical rulers of these ages.

If a visitor wishes to say a long form of ziyarah, he may say the comprehensive (jami’ah) forms of ziyarah, which will be cited in this book. These comprehensive forms are in fact the best forms of ziyarah addressed to the Holy Imams (‘a). The first of these forms (namely; al-Ziyarah al-Jami’ah al-Kabirah –the Major Comprehensive Form of Ziyarah) is best advisable for the visitors of Imam al-Kazim (‘a), because its report shows some peculiarity to this holy Imam.

FORM OF BIDDING FAREWELL

When a visitor of Imam al-Kazim (‘a) and Imam al-Jawad (‘a) intends to leave, he/she may say the forms of bidding farewell (wada’) some of which have been previously cited in this book. The following is one of these forms, which is reported by Shaykh al-Tusi, in his book of Tahdhib al-Ahkam, where he says:

When you intend to bid farewell to Imam Musa al-Kazim (‘a), you may stop near the tomb and say the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَوْلايَ يَا اَبَا الْحَسَنِ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ اَسْتَوْدِعُكَ اللّٰهَ وَ اَقْرَاُ عَلَيْكَ السَّلامَ آمَنَّا بِاللّٰهِ وَ بِالرَّسُولِ وَ بِمَا جِئْتَ بِهِ وَ دَلَلْتَ عَلَيْهِ اللّٰهُمَّ اكْتُبْنَا مَعَ الشَّاهِدِينَ.

In bidding farewell to Imam al-Jawad (‘a), you may say the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَوْلايَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ اَسْتَوْدِعُكَ اللّٰهَ وَ اَقْرَاُ عَلَيْكَ السَّلامَ آمَنَّا بِاللّٰهِ وَ بِرَسُولِهِ وَ بِمَا جِئْتَ بِهِ وَ دَلَلْتَ عَلَيْهِ اللّٰهُمَّ اكْتُبْنَا مَعَ الشَّاهِدِينَ.

You may then pray Almighty Allah not to decide this time of visit to be the last and beseech Him to grant you another opportunity to visit them. You may then kiss the tomb and place your both cheeks on it.