Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English0%

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English Author:
Publisher: www.alhassanain.org/english
Category: Supplications and Ziyarat

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

This book is corrected and edited by Al-Hassanain (p) Institue for Islamic Heritage and Thought

Author: Sheikh Abbas Al-Qummi
Publisher: www.alhassanain.org/english
Category: visits: 201805
Download: 58593

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English
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Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

Author:
Publisher: www.alhassanain.org/english
English

This book is corrected and edited by Al-Hassanain (p) Institue for Islamic Heritage and Thought


Notes:

We worked on this book in several formats, because there was not any English translation of this book free downloadable in word, html and pdf as we have been searching it since last year except some parts of it on some sites.

The method of our work was as following:

1- We took the software (android) of Mafatih from the version of Erfan.ir

2- We transfered all parts even page by page into html format by sending one by one of them by sharing on our email: http://alhassanain2014@gmail.com

3- Then, we pasted them into unformatted text, and started to recheck whether there is any error or not, so, we found out that Surah al-Rum has only 26 verses, and like other errors.

4- We saw that this version does has not any chapterizing, so, we chapterized it according to the original text of Persian and then Arabic Translation of it.

5- .....

 

Despite of all we have done, if you see any error, please inform us on our email mentioned above, we welcome it and will try to recorrect as soon as possible.

 

May Allah accept our endeavours in His path, Amen!

Good Luck

http://www.alhassanain.org/english

NINTH CHAPTER: MERITS AND METHODS OF VISITING IMAM ALI IBN MOOSA AL REZA

MERITS AND METHODS OF VISITING IMAM ALI IBN MOOSA AL REZA

This chapter demonstrates the forms of ziyarah of our master Imam ‘Ali ibn Musa al-Rida, the chief of both men and jinn, the buried in the strange land, and the piece of the flesh of the chief of creatures (i.e. the Holy Prophet). May Allah’s blessings be upon his fathers and sons the leaders to true guidance.

MERITS

The merits and great rewards that are gained due to visiting the holy tomb of Imam al-Rida (‘a) are too many to be counted. However, we seek blessings from mentioning several traditions, most of which are quoted from the book of Tuhfat al-Za’ir.

First Tradition: The Holy Prophet (s) is reported to have said, “A piece of my flesh will be buried in Khurasan. Any faithful believer visits him will win Paradise as reward recorded obligatorily by Almighty Allah and will have Hellfire prohibited by Him from consuming his body.”

According to another validly reported tradition, the Holy Prophet (s) has said, “A piece of my flesh will be buried in Khurasan. Any agonized person visits him, will have his agonies relieved by Almighty Allah and any sinful person visits him, will have his sins forgiven by Almighty Allah.”

Second Tradition: According to a valid chain of authority, Imam Musa ibn Ja’far (al-Kazim), peace and Allah’s blessings be upon him, is reported to have said, “Whoever visits the tomb of my son ‘Ali, shall be awarded by Almighty Allah the reward of seventy times of performing admissible hajj.”

The reporter said in astonishment, “Do you really mean the reward of seventy times of performing admissible hajj?”

The Imam (‘a) said, “Yes, even seventy thousand times of performing hajj.”

The Imam (‘a) added, “Some performances of hajj may be inadmissible; therefore, whoever visits him or spends a night next to him, will be regarded as having visited Almighty Allah in His Throne.”

The reporter said in astonishment, “Is it really regarded as visiting Almighty Allah in His Throne!”

The Imam answered, “Yes, it is. When the Resurrection Day comes, four persons from the past generations and four others from the last generations shall surround the Throne of Almighty Allah. Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus are the four persons from the past generations. Muhammad, ‘Ali, al-Hasan, and al-Husayn are the four persons from the last generations. Then, a rope will be extended and the visitors of the tombs of the Imams will be allowed to sit with us. The highest of rank and the most welcomed of them will be the visitors of the tomb of my son ‘Ali.”

Third Tradition: Imam al-Rida (‘a) is reported to have said, “In Khurasan, there is an area, which will soon be frequently visited by the angels; a group is descending and another is ascending until the Trumpet will be blown (to declare the coming of the Resurrection Day).”

“Son of Allah’s Messenger,” the Imam (‘a) was asked, “What is this area?”

He answered, “It is in the land of Tus. By Allah (I swear), it is one of the gardens of Paradise. Whoever visits me therein, will be as if he has visited the Messenger of Allah (s). For that visit too, Almighty Allah will record the reward of one thousand times of going on admissible hajj and one thousand times of going on admissible ‘umrah; and my fathers and I will be his intercessors on the Resurrection Day.”

Fourth Tradition: According to authentic chain of authority, Ibn Abi-Nasr has reported that he himself read the following letter of Imam al-Rida (‘a): “Pass on the following information to my Shi’ah (i.e. adherents): Almighty Allah regards one visitation to me as equal in reward to one thousand times of hajj.”

When I reported this tradition to Imam Muhammad al-Taqi, Allah’s blessings be upon him, he commented, “Yes, it is. I swear it by Allah. It is even equal in reward to one million times of hajj for those who visit him, recognizing his actual standing.”

Fifth Tradition: Through two valid chains of authority, Imam al-Rida, Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, is reported to have said, “If one visits me despite farness of my place, I will come to him on three occasions of the Resurrection Day so as to save him from the horrors of these occasions: (1) When the records of deeds are thrown right and left, (2) When the Discriminating Bridge (Sirat) is crossed, and (3) when the scale of deeds is set up.”

Sixth Tradition: According to another validly reporter tradition, Imam al-Rida (‘a) is reported to have said, “I will be killed wrongfully by poison and I will be entombed beside Harun the ‘Abbasid ruler. Almighty Allah shall then make the soil of my tomb frequently visited by my adherents (i.e. Shi’ah). Hence, whoever visits me in my strange land, it will be incumbent on me to pay him a visit on the Resurrection Day. I swear by Him Who honored Muhammad with prophethood and chose him over all the creatures, any one of you who offers a two-unit prayer near my tomb shall be worthy of receiving forgiveness of Almighty Allah on the day when he will meet Him. I swear by Him Who honored us after Muhammad with Imamate and gave us succession (of Prophethood) in particular, the visitors of my tomb shall be the most honored delegations of Almighty Allah on the Resurrection Day. Any faithful believer whose face is touched by a drop of the sky (on his way to visit us), Almighty Allah shall forbid Hellfire to consume his body.”

Seventh Tradition: Through a valid chain of authority, Muhammad ibn Sulayman has reported that he asked Imam Muhammad al-Taqi (‘a) about a man who went to perform his obligatory hajj and then went to perform ‘umrah, and Almighty Allah granted him success to perform both hajj and ‘umrah together. Then he went to al-Madinah and greeted the Holy Prophet. He then went to visit your forefather the Commander of the Faithful, recognizing that he is rightfully the Argument of Allah against His creatures and His door from which the Almighty must be approached. So, he greeted him. Then he went to visit Imam al-Husayn and greeted him. Then he went to Baghdad and greeted Imam Musa al-Kazim. Then he went back to his hometown. If once again Almighty Allah grants him opportunity to go on hajj; to whom will it be better for him to go under these conditions? Should he who has already performed hajj go on pilgrimage to the Holy Ka’bah, or should he turn towards Khurasan to greet and visit the shrine of your father ‘Ali ibn Musa al-Rida?”

The Imam (‘a) replied, “It is better for him to go towards Khurasan to greet my father. This visit will be even much better if it is done in the month of Rajab. However, it is not appropriate to do this now, because the ruling authorities have had bad idea about us.”

Eighth Tradition: Shaykh al-Saduq, in his book of man-la-yahzuruhul-faqih, has reported Imam Muhammad al-Taqi (‘a) as saying, “Between the two mountains of Tus, there is an area brought from Paradise. Hence, whoever enters that area will be secured against Hellfire on the Resurrection Day.”

Ninth Tradition: Imam Muhammad al-Taqi (‘a) is also reported to have said, “I will guarantee Paradise on behalf of Almighty Allah for those who visit my father in Tus.”

Tenth Tradition: Shaykh al-Saduq, in his book of ‘Uyun Akhbar al-Rida, has reported the following:

A righteous man saw the Holy Prophet (s) in his dream, “O Allah’s Messenger,” the man asked, “Which of your offspring should I go to visit?”

The Holy Prophet (s) answered, “Some of them have come to me poisoned. Others have come slain.”

“Then,” the man asked, “Given the great distances between their shrines, which one of them do you recommend me to go and visit?”

The Holy Prophet (s) said, “You may visit the one closest to you, who is buried in the land of loneliness.”

“O Allah’s Messenger,” the man asked, “Do you mean al-Rida?”

The Holy Prophet (s) instructed, “You should have added (after mentioning his name): Allah’s blessings be upon him! Allah’s blessings be upon him! Allah’s blessings be upon him! (three times)”

In the books of Wasa’il al-Shi’ah and al-Mustadrak ‘ala Wasa’il al-Shi’ah, chapters have been dedicated to the recommendation of seeking blessings from the shrine of Imam al-Rida (‘a) as well as the shrines of the other Holy Imams (‘a), the recommendation of preceding pilgrimage to Imam al-Rida (‘a) to pilgrimage to Imam al-Husayn (‘a) as well as all the other Holy Imams (‘a) and preceding it even to the supererogatory hajj and ‘umrah.

Because this book is too brief to cope with lengthiness, I will mention no more than the aforementioned ten traditions.

METHOD OF VISITING IMAM AL REZA

Several forms of ziyarah of Imam al-Rida (‘a) have been mentioned. However, the most famous form has been mentioned in the most reliable books and reported from the sublime Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Walid, one of the mentors of Shaykh al-Saduq. From the book of al-Mazar by Ibn Qawlawayh, we can conclude that this form of ziyarah has been reported from the Holy Imams. This form of ziyarah, according to Shaykh al-Saduq’s book of man-la-yahzuruhul-faqih, is as follows:

When you intend to visit Imam al-Rida (‘a) in Tus, you may bathe yourself before you leave your house (at your hometown) and say the following words:

اللّٰهُمَّ طَهِّرْنِي وَ طَهِّرْ لِي قَلْبِي وَ اشْرَحْ لِي صَدْرِي وَ اَجْرِ عَلَى لِسَانِي مِدْحَتَكَ وَ الثَّنَاءَ عَلَيْكَ فَاِنَّهُ لا قُوَّةَ اِلا بِكَ اللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْهُ لِي طَهُورا وَ شِفَاءً

Say the following supplicatory words as you leave your house:

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ وَ بِاللّٰهِ وَ اِلَى اللّٰهِ وَ اِلَى ابْنِ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ حَسْبِيَ اللّٰهُ تَوَكَّلْتُ عَلَى اللّٰهِ اللّٰهُمَّ اِلَيْكَ تَوَجَّهْتُ وَ اِلَيْكَ قَصَدْتُ وَ مَا عِنْدَكَ اَرَدْتُ

When you go out of your house, you may stop at the door and say the following supplicatory words:

اللّٰهُمَّ اِلَيْكَ وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِي وَ عَلَيْكَ خَلَّفْتُ اَهْلِي وَ مَالِي وَ مَا خَوَّلْتَنِي وَ بِكَ وَثِقْتُ فَلا تُخَيِّبْنِي يَا مَنْ لا يُخَيِّبُ مَنْ اَرَادَهُ وَ لا يُضَيِّعُ مَنْ حَفِظَهُ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ [وَ آلِهِ‏] وَ احْفَظْنِي بِحِفْظِكَ فَاِنَّهُ لا يَضِيعُ مَنْ حَفِظْتَ

When you arrive there safely, Allah willing, and you intend to visit the Imam (‘a), you may bathe yourself and say the following words meanwhile:

اللّٰهُمَّ طَهِّرْنِي وَ طَهِّرْ لِي قَلْبِي وَ اشْرَحْ لِي صَدْرِي وَ اَجْرِ عَلَى لِسَانِي مِدْحَتَكَ وَ مَحَبَّتَكَ وَ الثَّنَاءَ عَلَيْكَ فَاِنَّهُ لا قُوَّةَ اِلا بِكَ وَ قَدْ عَلِمْتُ اَنَّ قِوَامَ دِينِي التَّسْلِيمُ لِاَمْرِكَ وَ الاتِّبَاعُ لِسُنَّةِ نَبِيِّكَ وَ الشَّهَادَةُ عَلَى جَمِيعِ خَلْقِكَ اللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْهُ لِي شِفَاءً وَ نُورا اِنَّكَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ قَدِيرٌ

You may put on the purest and cleanest of your clothes, walk barefooted with tranquility and submission, and mention Almighty Allah in your heart, repeating the following statements:

اللّه اكبر

لا اله الاّ اللّه

سبحان اللّه

الحمد للّه

While entering the sacred shrine, you may say the following words:

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ وَ بِاللّٰهِ وَ عَلَى مِلَّةِ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ اَشْهَدُ اَنْ لا اِلَهَ اِلا اللّٰهُ وَحْدَهُ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّ مُحَمَّدا عَبْدُهُ وَ رَسُولُهُ وَ اَنَّ عَلِيّا وَلِيُّ اللّٰهِ

You may then walk towards the tomb to stop there, face it, and say the following words:

اَشْهَدُ اَنْ لا اِلَهَ اِلا اللّٰهُ وَحْدَهُ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَ اَشْهَدُ اَنْ مُحَمَّدا عَبْدُهُ وَ رَسُولُهُ وَ اَنَّهُ سَيِّدُ الْاَوَّلِينَ وَ الْآخِرِينَ وَ اَنَّهُ سَيِّدُ الْاَنْبِيَاءِ وَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ عَبْدِكَ وَ رَسُولِكَ وَ نَبِيِّكَ وَ سَيِّدِ خَلْقِكَ اَجْمَعِينَ صَلاةً لا يَقْوَى عَلَى اِحْصَائِهَا غَيْرُكَ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى اَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ اَبِي طَالِبٍ عَبْدِكَ وَ اَخِي رَسُولِكَ الَّذِي انْتَجَبْتَهُ بِعِلْمِكَ وَ جَعَلْتَهُ هَادِيا لِمَنْ شِئْتَ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ وَ الدَّلِيلَ عَلَى مَنْ بَعَثْتَهُ بِرِسَالاتِكَ وَ دَيَّانَ [دَيَّانِ‏] الدِّينِ بِعَدْلِكَ وَ فَصْلَ [فَصْلِ‏] قَضَائِكَ بَيْنَ خَلْقِكَ وَ الْمُهَيْمِنَ [الْمُهَيْمِنِ‏] عَلَى ذَلِكَ كُلِّهِ وَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْهِ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ. اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتِ نَبِيِّكَ وَ زَوْجَةِ وَلِيِّكَ وَ اُمِّ السِّبْطَيْنِ الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ سَيِّدَيْ شَبَابِ اَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ الطُّهْرَةِ الطَّاهِرَةِ الْمُطَهَّرَةِ التَّقِيَّةِ النَّقِيَّةِ الرَّضِيَّةِ الزَّكِيَّةِ سَيِّدَةِ نِسَاءِ اَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ اَجْمَعِينَ صَلاةً لا يَقْوَى عَلَى اِحْصَائِهَا غَيْرُكَ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ سِبْطَيْ نَبِيِّكَ وَ سَيِّدَيْ شَبَابِ اَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ الْقَائِمَيْنِ فِي خَلْقِكَ وَ الدَّلِيلَيْنِ عَلَى مَنْ بَعَثْتَ [بَعَثْتَهُ‏] بِرِسَالاتِكَ وَ دَيَّانَيِ الدِّينِ بِعَدْلِكَ وَ فَصْلَيْ قَضَائِكَ بَيْنَ خَلْقِكَ. اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَبْدِكَ الْقَائِمِ فِي خَلْقِكَ وَ الدَّلِيلِ عَلَى مَنْ بَعَثْتَ بِرِسَالاتِكَ وَ دَيَّانِ الدِّينِ بِعَدْلِكَ وَ فَصْلِ قَضَائِكَ بَيْنَ خَلْقِكَ سَيِّدِ الْعَابِدِينَ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَبْدِكَ وَ خَلِيفَتِكَ فِي اَرْضِكَ بَاقِرِ عِلْمِ النَّبِيِّينَ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الصَّادِقِ عَبْدِكَ وَ وَلِيِّ دِينِكَ وَ حُجَّتِكَ عَلَى خَلْقِكَ اَجْمَعِينَ الصَّادِقِ الْبَارِّ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَبْدِكَ الصَّالِحِ وَ لِسَانِكَ فِي خَلْقِكَ النَّاطِقِ بِحُكْمِكَ [بِحِكْمَتِكَ‏] وَ الْحُجَّةِ عَلَى بَرِيَّتِكَ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُوسَى الرِّضَا الْمُرْتَضَى عَبْدِكَ وَ وَلِيِّ دِينِكَ الْقَائِمِ بِعَدْلِكَ وَ الدَّاعِي اِلَى دِينِكَ وَ دِينِ آبَائِهِ الصَّادِقِينَ صَلاةً لا يَقْوَى عَلَى اِحْصَائِهَا غَيْرُكَ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَبْدِكَ وَ وَلِيِّكَ الْقَائِمِ بِاَمْرِكَ وَ الدَّاعِي اِلَى سَبِيلِكَ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَبْدِكَ وَ وَلِيِّ دِينِكَ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْعَامِلِ بِاَمْرِكَ الْقَائِمِ فِي خَلْقِكَ وَ حُجَّتِكَ الْمُؤَدِّي عَنْ نَبِيِّكَ وَ شَاهِدِكَ عَلَى خَلْقِكَ الْمَخْصُوصِ بِكَرَامَتِكَ الدَّاعِي اِلَى طَاعَتِكَ وَ طَاعَةِ رَسُولِكَ صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِمْ اَجْمَعِينَ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى حُجَّتِكَ وَ وَلِيِّكَ الْقَائِمِ فِي خَلْقِكَ صَلاةً تَامَّةً نَامِيَةً بَاقِيَةً تُعَجِّلُ بِهَا فَرَجَهُ وَ تَنْصُرُهُ بِهَا وَ تَجْعَلُنَا مَعَهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ اللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّي اَتَقَرَّبُ اِلَيْكَ بِحُبِّهِمْ وَ اُوَالِي وَلِيَّهُمْ وَ اُعَادِي عَدُوَّهُمْ فَارْزُقْنِي بِهِمْ خَيْرَ الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ وَ اصْرِفْ عَنِّي بِهِمْ شَرَّ الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ وَ اَهْوَالَ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ.

You may then sit to the side of the Imam’s head and say the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَلِيَّ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نُورَ اللّٰهِ فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْاَرْضِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا عَمُودَ الدِّينِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ آدَمَ صِفْوَةِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ نُوحٍ نَبِيِّ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ اِبْرَاهِيمَ خَلِيلِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ اِسْمَاعِيلَ ذَبِيحِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ مُوسَى كَلِيمِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ عِيسَى رُوحِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ مُحَمَّدٍ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ اَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلِيٍّ وَلِيِّ اللّٰهِ وَ وَصِيِّ رَسُولِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ فَاطِمَةَ الزَّهْرَاءِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ، سَيِّدَيْ شَبَابِ اَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ زَيْنِ الْعَابِدِينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ بَاقِرِ عِلْمِ الْاَوَّلِينَ وَ الْآخِرِينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الصَّادِقِ الْبَارِّ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الصِّدِّيقُ الشَّهِيدُ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا الْوَصِيُّ الْبَارُّ التَّقِيُّ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ قَدْ اَقَمْتَ الصَّلاةَ وَ آتَيْتَ الزَّكَاةَ وَ اَمَرْتَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَ نَهَيْتَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَ عَبَدْتَ اللّٰهَ [مُخْلِصا] حَتَّى اَتَاكَ الْيَقِينُ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا اَبَا الْحَسَنِ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ.

You may then throw yourself on the tomb and say the following supplicatory prayer:

اللّٰهُمَّ اِلَيْكَ صَمَدْتُ مِنْ اَرْضِي وَ قَطَعْتُ الْبِلادِ رَجَاءَ رَحْمَتِكَ فَلا تُخَيِّبْنِي وَ لا تَرُدَّنِي بِغَيْرِ قَضَاءِ حَاجَتِي وَ ارْحَمْ تَقَلُّبِي عَلَى قَبْرِ ابْنِ اَخِي رَسُولِكَ صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ بِاَبِي اَنْتَ وَ اُمِّي يَا مَوْلايَ اَتَيْتُكَ زَائِرا وَافِدا عَائِذا مِمَّا جَنَيْتُ عَلَى نَفْسِي وَ احْتَطَبْتُ عَلَى ظَهْرِي فَكُنْ لِي شَافِعا اِلَى اللّٰهِ يَوْمَ فَقْرِي وَ فَاقَتِي فَلَكَ عِنْدَ اللّٰهِ مَقَامٌ مَحْمُودٌ وَ اَنْتَ عِنْدَهُ وَجِيهٌ.

You may then raise your right hand towards the sky, stretch out your left hand on the tomb, and say the following supplicatory prayer:

اللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّي اَتَقَرَّبُ اِلَيْكَ بِحُبِّهِمْ وَ بِوِلايَتِهِمْ اَتَوَلَّى آخِرَهُمْ بِمَا تَوَلَّيْتُ بِهِ اَوَّلَهُمْ وَ اَبْرَاُ مِنْ كُلِّ وَلِيجَةٍ دُونَهُمْ اللّٰهُمَّ الْعَنِ الَّذِينَ بَدَّلُوا نِعْمَتَكَ وَ اتَّهَمُوا نَبِيَّكَ وَ جَحَدُوا بِآيَاتِكَ وَ سَخِرُوا بِاِمَامِكَ وَ حَمَلُوا النَّاسَ عَلَى اَكْتَافِ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ اللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّي اَتَقَرَّبُ اِلَيْكَ بِاللَّعْنَةِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَ الْبَرَاءَةِ مِنْهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ يَا رَحْمَانُ.

You may turn to the side of the Imam’s feet and say the following words:

صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْكَ يَا اَبَا الْحَسَنِ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَى رُوحِكَ وَ بَدَنِكَ صَبَرْتَ وَ اَنْتَ الصَّادِقُ الْمُصَدَّقُ قَتَلَ اللّٰهُ مَنْ قَتَلَكَ بِالْاَيْدِي وَ الْاَلْسُنِ.

You may then earnestly invoke the curse of Allah on the slayers of the Commander of the Faithful (Imam ‘Ali), the slayers of Imams al-Hasan and al-Husayn, and all the slayers of the family members of the Holy Prophet.

You may then return to the side of the Imam’s head and offer a two-unit prayer in which you may recite Surah Yasin (No. 36) after Surah al-Fatihah in one unit and Surah al-Rahman (No. 55) after Surah al-Fatihah in the other.

You may also pray and implore Almighty Allah as earnestly as possible.

You may also pray for yourself, your parents, and your brothers and sisters-in-faith as much as you can.

You may stay at the side of the Imam’s head as long as you wish, offering all your prayers there.

DIFFERENCE IN A STATEMENT

The aforesaid form of ziyarah is in fact the most excellent. One of its statements has read:

و سخروا بامامك

This statement has been quoted from the books of man-la-yahzuruhul-faqih, ‘Uyun Akhbar al-Rida, and the books of ‘Allamah al-Majlisi.

The statement involved thus means that these persons mocked at the Imam whom You have appointed for them.

However, according to the book of Misbah al-Za’ir, the statement is mentioned in this form:

و سخروا بايّامك

This meaning is also accurate and may be more accurate than the earlier from various aspects.

The Days are the Holy Imams, peace be upon them, according to the report of Saqr ibn Abi-Dalaf, which has been previously cited in the book (pp. 184, Vol. 1).

INVOCATION OF CURSE UPON THE ENEMIES

It is worth mentioning that invocation of Almighty Allah’s curse on the enemies of the Holy Imams can be said in any language or form. However, the most appropriate form may be the following, which is quoted from some validly reported supplications:

اللّٰهُمَّ الْعَنْ قَتَلَةَ اَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ قَتَلَةَ الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلامُ وَ قَتَلَةَ اَهْلِ بَيْتِ نَبِيِّكَ اللّٰهُمَّ الْعَنْ اَعْدَاءَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ قَتَلَتَهُمْ وَ زِدْهُمْ عَذَابا فَوْقَ الْعَذَابِ وَ هَوَانا فَوْقَ هَوَانٍ وَ ذُلا فَوْقَ ذُلٍّ وَ خِزْيا فَوْقَ خِزْيٍ اللّٰهُمَّ دُعَّهُمْ اِلَى النَّارِ دَعّا وَ اَرْكِسْهُمْ فِي اَلِيمِ عَذَابِكَ رَكْسا وَ احْشُرْهُمْ وَ اَتْبَاعَهُمْ اِلَى جَهَنَّمَ زُمَرا.

DUA AFTER ZIYARAH OF IMAM AL REZA'S TOMB

In the book of Tuhfat al-Za’ir, Shaykh al-Mufid states that it is recommended to say the following supplicatory prayer after accomplishing the prayer of visiting Imam al-Rida’s tomb:

اللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّي اَسْاَلُكَ يَا اللّٰهُ الدَّائِمُ فِي مُلْكِهِ الْقَائِمُ فِي عِزِّهِ الْمُطَاعُ فِي سُلْطَانِهِ الْمُتَفَرِّدُ فِي كِبْرِيَائِهِ الْمُتَوَحِّدُ فِي دَيْمُومِيَّةِ بَقَائِهِ الْعَادِلُ فِي بَرِيَّتِهِ الْعَالِمُ فِي قَضِيَّتِهِ الْكَرِيمُ فِي تَأْخِيرِ عُقُوبَتِهِ اِلَهِي حَاجَاتِي مَصْرُوفَةٌ اِلَيْكَ وَ آمَالِي مَوْقُوفَةٌ لَدَيْكَ وَ كُلَّمَا وَفَّقْتَنِي مِنْ خَيْرٍ [بِخَيْرٍ] فَاَنْتَ دَلِيلِي عَلَيْهِ وَ طَرِيقِي اِلَيْهِ يَا قَدِيرا لا تَئُودُهُ الْمَطَالِبُ يَا مَلِيّا يَلْجَاُ اِلَيْهِ كُلُّ رَاغِبٍ مَا زِلْتُ مَصْحُوبا مِنْكَ بِالنِّعَمِ جَارِيا عَلَى عَادَاتِ الْاِحْسَانِ وَ الْكَرَمِ اَسْاَلُكَ بِالْقُدْرَةِ النَّافِذَةِ فِي جَمِيعِ الْاَشْيَاءِ وَ قَضَائِكَ الْمُبْرَمِ الَّذِي تَحْجُبُهُ بِاَيْسَرِ الدُّعَاءِ وَ بِالنَّظْرَةِ الَّتِي نَظَرْتَ بِهَا اِلَى الْجِبَالِ فَتَشَامَخَتْ وَ اِلَى الْاَرَضِينَ فَتَسَطَّحَتْ وَ اِلَى السَّمَاوَاتِ فَارْتَفَعَتْ ، وَ اِلَى الْبِحَارِ فَتَفَجَّرَتْ يَا مَنْ جَلَّ عَنْ اَدَوَاتِ لَحَظَاتِ الْبَشَرِ وَ لَطُفَ عَنْ دَقَائِقِ خَطَرَاتِ الْفِكَرِ لا تُحْمَدُ يَا سَيِّدِي اِلا بِتَوْفِيقٍ مِنْكَ يَقْتَضِي حَمْدا وَ لا تُشْكَرُ عَلَى اَصْغَرِ مِنَّةٍ اِلا اسْتَوْجَبْتَ بِهَا شُكْرا فَمَتَى تُحْصَى نَعْمَاؤُكَ يَا اِلَهِي وَ تُجَازَى آلاؤُكَ يَا مَوْلايَ وَ تُكَافَاُ صَنَائِعُكَ يَا سَيِّدِي وَ مِنْ نِعَمِكَ يَحْمَدُ الْحَامِدُونَ وَ مِنْ شُكْرِكَ يَشْكُرُ الشَّاكِرُونَ وَ اَنْتَ الْمُعْتَمَدُ لِلذُّنُوبِ فِي عَفْوِكَ وَ النَّاشِرِ عَلَى الْخَاطِئِينَ جَنَاحَ سِتْرِكَ وَ اَنْتَ الْكَاشِفُ لِلضُّرِّ بِيَدِكَ فَكَمْ مِنْ سَيِّئَةٍ اَخْفَاهَا حِلْمُكَ حَتَّى دَخِلَتْ وَ حَسَنَةٍ ضَاعَفَهَا فَضْلُكَ حَتَّى عَظُمَتْ عَلَيْهَا مُجَازَاتُكَ جَلَلْتَ اَنْ يُخَافَ مِنْكَ اِلا الْعَدْلُ وَ اَنْ يُرْجَى مِنْكَ اِلا الْاِحْسَانُ وَ الْفَضْلُ فَامْنُنْ عَلَيَّ بِمَا اَوْجَبَهُ فَضْلُكَ، وَ لا تَخْذُلْنِي بِمَا يَحْكُمُ بِهِ عَدْلُكَ سَيِّدِي لَوْ عَلِمَتِ الْاَرْضُ بِذُنُوبِي لَسَاخَتْ بِي اَوِ الْجِبَالُ لَهَدَّتْنِي اَوِ السَّمَاوَاتُ لاخْتَطَفَتْنِي اَوِ الْبِحَارُ لَاَغْرَقَتْنِي سَيِّدِي سَيِّدِي سَيِّدِي مَوْلايَ مَوْلايَ مَوْلايَ قَدْ تَكَرَّرَ وُقُوفِي لِضِيَافَتِكَ فَلا تَحْرِمْنِي مَا وَعَدْتَ الْمُتَعَرِّضِينَ لِمَسْاَلَتِكَ يَا مَعْرُوفَ الْعَارِفِينَ يَا مَعْبُودَ الْعَابِدِينَ يَا مَشْكُورَ الشَّاكِرِينَ يَا جَلِيسَ الذَّاكِرِينَ يَا مَحْمُودَ مَنْ حَمِدَهُ يَا مَوْجُودَ مَنْ طَلَبَهُ يَا مَوْصُوفَ مَنْ وَحَّدَهُ يَا مَحْبُوبَ مَنْ اَحَبَّهُ يَا غَوْثَ مَنْ اَرَادَهُ يَا مَقْصُودَ مَنْ اَنَابَ اِلَيْهِ يَا مَنْ لا يَعْلَمُ الْغَيْبَ اِلا هُوَ يَا مَنْ لا يَصْرِفُ السُّوءَ اِلا هُوَ يَا مَنْ لا يُدَبِّرُ الْاَمْرَ اِلا هُوَ يَا مَنْ لا يَغْفِرُ الذَّنْبَ اِلا هُوَ يَا مَنْ لا يَخْلُقُ الْخَلْقَ اِلا هُوَ يَا مَنْ لا يُنَزِّلُ الْغَيْثَ اِلا هُوَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اغْفِرْ لِي يَا خَيْرَ الْغَافِرِينَ ، رَبِّ اِنِّي اَسْتَغْفِرُكَ اسْتِغْفَارَ حَيَاءٍ وَ اَسْتَغْفِرُكَ اسْتِغْفَارَ رَجَاءٍ وَ اَسْتَغْفِرُكَ اسْتِغْفَارَ اِنَابَةٍ وَ اَسْتَغْفِرُكَ اسْتِغْفَارَ رَغْبَةٍ وَ اَسْتَغْفِرُكَ اسْتِغْفَارَ رَهْبَةٍ وَ اَسْتَغْفِرُكَ اسْتِغْفَارَ طَاعَةٍ وَ اَسْتَغْفِرُكَ اسْتِغْفَارَ اِيمَانٍ وَ اَسْتَغْفِرُكَ اسْتِغْفَارَ اِقْرَارٍ وَ اَسْتَغْفِرُكَ اسْتِغْفَارَ اِخْلاصٍ وَ اَسْتَغْفِرُكَ اسْتِغْفَارَ تَقْوَى وَ اَسْتَغْفِرُكَ اسْتِغْفَارَ تَوَكُّلٍ وَ اَسْتَغْفِرُكَ اسْتِغْفَارَ ذِلَّةٍ وَ اَسْتَغْفِرُكَ اسْتِغْفَارَ عَامِلٍ لَكَ هَارِبٍ مِنْكَ اِلَيْكَ فَصَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، وَ تُبْ عَلَيَّ وَ عَلَى وَالِدَيَّ بِمَا تُبْتَ وَ تَتُوبُ عَلَى جَمِيعِ خَلْقِكَ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ يَا مَنْ يُسَمَّى بِالْغَفُورِ الرَّحِيمِ يَا مَنْ يُسَمَّى بِالْغَفُورِ الرَّحِيمِ يَا مَنْ يُسَمَّى بِالْغَفُورِ الرَّحِيمِ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اقْبَلْ تَوْبَتِي وَ زَكِّ عَمَلِي وَ اشْكُرْ سَعْيِي وَ ارْحَمْ ضَرَاعَتِي وَ لا تَحْجُبْ صَوْتِي وَ لا تُخَيِّبْ مَسْاَلَتِي يَا غَوْثَ الْمُسْتَغِيثِينَ وَ اَبْلِغْ اَئِمَّتِي سَلامِي وَ دُعَائِي وَ شَفِّعْهُمْ فِي جَمِيعِ مَا سَاَلْتُكَ وَ اَوْصِلْ هَدِيَّتِي اِلَيْهِمْ كَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَهُمْ وَ زِدْهُمْ مِنْ ذَلِكَ مَا يَنْبَغِي لَكَ بِاَضْعَافٍ لا يُحْصِيهَا غَيْرُكَ وَ لا حَوْلَ وَ لا قُوَّةَ اِلا بِاللّٰهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيمِ وَ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَى اَطْيَبِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ الطَّاهِرِينَ.

AL-ZIYARAH AL-JAWADIYYAH

In his book of Bihar al-Anwar, ‘Allamah al-Majlisi has quoted another form of ziyarah of Imam al-Rida (‘a), known as al-Ziyarah al-Jawadiyyah, from books of some ancient authors.

After mentioning this form of ziyarah, ‘Allamah al-Majlisi said: You may now offer the two-unit prayer of ziyarah, say statements of glorification of Almighty Allah, and dedicate these as present to Imam al-Rida, peace be upon him. You may then say the following supplication:

اللّهم انّى اسالك يا اللّه الدّائم...

Hence, he cited the aforesaid supplicatory prayer wholly.

Whenever one visits Imam al-Rida (‘a) with this form of ziyarah (i.e. al-Ziyarah al-Jawadiyyah), it is highly advised not to miss saying this supplicatory prayer after it.

ANOTHER FORM OF ZIYARAH OF IMAM AL-RIDA

Ibn Qawlawayh reported one of the Holy Imams (‘a) to have said: When you reach the tomb of Imam al-Rida (‘a), you may say the following supplicatory words there:

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُوسَى الرِّضَا الْمُرْتَضَى الْاِمَامِ التَّقِيِّ النَّقِيِّ وَ حُجَّتِكَ عَلَى مَنْ فَوْقَ الْاَرْضِ وَ مَنْ تَحْتَ الثَّرَى الصِّدِّيقِ الشَّهِيدِ صَلاةً كَثِيرَةً تَامَّةً زَاكِيَةً مُتَوَاصِلَةً مُتَوَاتِرَةً مُتَرَادِفَةً كَاَفْضَلِ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى اَحَدٍ مِنْ اَوْلِيَائِكَ .

ANOTHER FORM OF ZIYARAH OF IMAM AL-RIDA

In his book of al-Muqni’ah, Shaykh al-Mufid, reporting this form of ziyarah, has said:

After performing the ritual bathing of ziyarah and putting on the purest of your clothes, you may stop at the tomb of Imam al-Rida (‘a) and say the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَلِيَّ اللّٰهِ وَ ابْنَ وَلِيِّهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ اللّٰهِ وَ ابْنَ حُجَّتِهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا اِمَامَ الْهُدَى وَ الْعُرْوَةَ الْوُثْقَى وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ مَضَيْتَ عَلَى مَا مَضَى عَلَيْهِ آبَاؤُكَ الطَّاهِرُونَ صَلَوَاتُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْهِمْ لَمْ تُؤْثِرْ عَمًى عَلَى هُدًى وَ لَمْ تَمِلْ مِنْ حَقٍّ اِلَى بَاطِلٍ وَ اَنَّكَ نَصَحْتَ لِلَّهِ وَ لِرَسُولِهِ وَ اَدَّيْتَ الْاَمَانَةَ فَجَزَاكَ اللّٰهُ عَنِ الْاِسْلامِ وَ اَهْلِهِ خَيْرَ الْجَزَاءِ اَتَيْتُكَ بِاَبِي وَ اُمِّي زَائِرا عَارِفا بِحَقِّكَ مُوَالِيا لِاَوْلِيَائِكَ مُعَادِيا لِاَعْدَائِكَ فَاشْفَعْ لِي عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ.

You may then throw yourself at the tomb, kiss it, put your both cheeks on it, turn to the side of the Imam’s head, and say the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَوْلايَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ الْاِمَامُ الْهَادِي وَ الْوَلِيُّ الْمُرْشِدُ اَبْرَاُ اِلَى اللّٰهِ مِنْ اَعْدَائِكَ وَ اَتَقَرَّبُ اِلَى اللّٰهِ بِوِلايَتِكَ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْكَ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ

You may then offer the two-unit prayer of ziyarah after which you may offer any prayers you wish.

You may then turn to the side of the Imam’s foot and pray Almighty Allah for anything you want.

BIDDING FAREWELL TO IMAM AL REZA

A great reward is gained when Imam al-Rida (‘a) is visited at the hours and on the occasions that are related to him, especially in the month of Rajab, on the twenty-third and twenty-fifth of Dhu’l-Qa’dah, and on the sixth of Ramazan, as well as other days that are related to Imam al-Rida (‘a), as has been previously detailed within the acts on these days mentioned in the previous section of this book.

BIDDING FAREWELL TO IMAM AL REZA

When you intend to leave and bid farewell to the Imam, you may say the same form, which has been cited for bidding farewell to the Holy Prophet (s). This form is as follows:

لا جلعه اللّه آخر تسليمى عليك...

You may then add the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَلِيَّ اللّٰهِ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ اللّٰهُمَّ لا تَجْعَلْهُ آخِرَ الْعَهْدِ مِنْ زِيَارَتِي ابْنَ نَبِيِّكَ وَ حُجَّتَكَ عَلَى خَلْقِكَ وَ اجْمَعْنِي وَ اِيَّاهُ فِي جَنَّتِكَ وَ احْشُرْنِي مَعَهُ وَ فِي حِزْبِهِ مَعَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ الصَّالِحِينَ وَ حَسُنَ اُولَئِكَ رَفِيقا وَ اَسْتَوْدِعُكَ اللّٰهَ وَ اَسْتَرْعِيكَ وَ اَقْرَاُ عَلَيْكَ السَّلامَ آمَنَّا بِاللّٰهِ وَ بِالرَّسُولِ وَ بِمَا جِئْتَ بِهِ وَ دَلَلْتَ عَلَيْهِ فَاكْتُبْنَا مَعَ الشَّاهِدِينَ

GRANTING OF REQUESTS AT IMAM AL REZA'S TOMB

In this respect, it seems appropriate to mention a few matters, as follows:

First: According to an acceptable chain of authority, Imam ‘Ali al-Naqi (al-Hadi) is reported to have said, “Whoever has an urgent need to be granted by Almighty Allah, may visit the tomb of my grandfather al-Rida in Tus and, after bathing himself, offer a two-unit prayer at the side of his head and mention his need in the supplication (qunut) of the prayer. Doing so, his need will be granted unless it results in an act of disobedience to Him or a rupture of relations with the relatives. Verily, the place of his tomb is an area of Paradise. Any faithful believer who visits him will be saved from Hellfire and allowed to enter Paradise by Almighty Allah.”

SALAT JA’FAR AT IMAM AL-RIDA’S TOMB

Second: ‘Allamah al-Majlisi has reported the following from a statement handwritten by the sublime Shaykh Husayn ibn ‘Abd al-Samad the father of Shaykh al-Baha’i:

Shaykh Abu’l-Tayyib Husayn ibn Ahmad al-Razi, the jurisprudent, has mentioned that whoever visits Imam al-Rida (‘a) or any other Imam and performs there the famous prayer known as Salat Ja’far, will have the reward of one who has gone on ritual hajj for thousand times, gone on ritual ‘umrah for one thousand times, manumitted one thousand slaves for the sake of Allah, and participated in a holy war with a missioned Prophet one thousand times for each unit of prayer he performs. For each step that he makes, he will be granted the reward of one hundred times of going on ritual hajj and one hundred times of going on ritual ‘umrah; and he will also gain the rewards of doing one hundred good deeds and one hundred punishable sins of him will be erased.

The method of Salat Ja’far has been previously cited in this book within the recommended acts on Fridays (pp. 160 of Vol. 1).

IMAM AL REZA'S JOURNEY TO KHURASAN

Third: Muhawwil al-Sajistani is reported to have narrated the following:

When the official message of summoning Imam al-Rida (‘a) to be present in Khurasan (to hold the new office of crown princeship) was received (by the governor of al-Madinah), Imam al-Rida (‘a) entered the Prophet’s Mosque to bid farewell to the Holy Prophet (s). He repeated this act many times at each of which he would return to the Holy Prophet’s tomb and raise his voice with weeping and wailing. At one of these times, I approached, greeted, and congratulated him for the new office. The Imam (‘a) greeted me back and said, “Visit me, for I will leave the vicinity of my grandfather, I will die in a strange land, and I will be buried next to Harun (the ‘Abbasid ruler).”

Shaykh Yusuf ibn Hatam al-Shami, in his book of al-Durr al-Nazim, reported the following, on the authority of a group of companions, from Imam al-Rida (‘a):

“After I had prepared myself to leave al-Madinah towards Khurasan, I gathered all my dependants and ordered them to weep for me in my presence so that I would hear them. I then distributed twelve thousand dinars among them and said, “I will never come back to my dependants.” I then took Abu-Ja’far al-Jawad to the mosque, put his hand on the edge of the Holy Prophet’s tomb, asked him to stick himself to the tomb, and prayed Allah to make Allah’s Messenger guard him. I then ordered all my deputies and retinue to listen to and obey him and warned them against disobeying him, because he would be my representative among them.”

Sayyid ‘Abd al-Karim ibn Tawus has reported that when al-Ma’mun (the ‘Abbasid ruler) ordered that Imam al-Rida (‘a) should leave al-Madinah towards Khurasan, the Imam took the way that led to al-Basrah, not al-Kufah. From al-Basrah, the Imam headed towards Baghdad from the way of al-Kufah. From Baghdad, the Imam headed towards the city of Qumm. When he entered this city, its people received him warmly and each one of them wanted the Imam to be his guest. However, the Imam referred the matter to his camel, saying, “My camel has been already ordered.” Hence, the camel headed for a certain house and sat at its door. The owner of this house had seen in dream that Imam al-Rida (‘a) would be his guest the next day.

Soon after that, this house became one of the high esteemed places. It has now become a renowned school.

THE GOLDEN CHAIN

Shaykh al-Saduq has reported the following story from Ishaq ibn Rahawayh:

When Abu’l-Hasan al-Rida (‘a) entered the city of Nayshabur and then intended to leave it, the scholars of hadith of that city gathered around him and asked, “Will you leave us before you deliver to us a tradition (hadith) from which we may benefit?” Hence, the Imam, who was in a howdah, took his head out of the howdah and said:

When the caravan moved for a few steps, the Imam (‘a) shouted at us:

Abu’l-Salt has reported that when Imam al-Rida, on his way to meet al-Ma’mun, passed by the Red Village, some of the companions said to him, “O Son of Allah’s Messenger! It is midday. Shall we perform the prayer?” So, the Imam rode off and asked for some water to do the ritual ablution. When he was informed that they did not have any water with them, the Imam scratched the ground with his hand and a quantity of water, which was enough for him and his companions to do the ritual ablution with, gushed out from there. The trace of this water is still existent up to the present day.

When the Imam entered the city of Sanabad, he reclined to the mountain from which pots were made and prayed, “O Allah! Grant them benefits from this mountain and bless whatever is hewed from it.”

The Imam then ordered them to make some pots from the rocks of that mountain for him. He then said, “You may eat no food except that which is cooked in these pots.” Since that day, people were attracted to this profession and the blessings of the Imam’s prayer have been noticed.