Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English0%

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English Author:
Publisher: www.alhassanain.org/english
Category: Supplications and Ziyarat

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

This book is corrected and edited by Al-Hassanain (p) Institue for Islamic Heritage and Thought

Author: Sheikh Abbas Al-Qummi
Publisher: www.alhassanain.org/english
Category: visits: 227403
Download: 66609

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English
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Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English

Author:
Publisher: www.alhassanain.org/english
English

This book is corrected and edited by Al-Hassanain (p) Institue for Islamic Heritage and Thought


Notes:

We worked on this book in several formats, because there was not any English translation of this book free downloadable in word, html and pdf as we have been searching it since last year except some parts of it on some sites.

The method of our work was as following:

1- We took the software (android) of Mafatih from the version of Erfan.ir

2- We transfered all parts even page by page into html format by sending one by one of them by sharing on our email: http://alhassanain2014@gmail.com

3- Then, we pasted them into unformatted text, and started to recheck whether there is any error or not, so, we found out that Surah al-Rum has only 26 verses, and like other errors.

4- We saw that this version does has not any chapterizing, so, we chapterized it according to the original text of Persian and then Arabic Translation of it.

5- .....

 

Despite of all we have done, if you see any error, please inform us on our email mentioned above, we welcome it and will try to recorrect as soon as possible.

 

May Allah accept our endeavours in His path, Amen!

Good Luck

http://www.alhassanain.org/english

SUPPLICATIONS AFTER THE ZIYARAH

Sayyid Ibn Tawus has stated that it is recommended to say the following supplicatory prayer immediately after performing the rites of visitation to the Holy Imams (‘a):

اللّٰهُمَّ اِنْ كَانَتْ ذُنُوبِي قَدْ اَخْلَقَتْ وَجْهِي عِنْدَكَ وَ حَجَبَتْ دُعَائِي عَنْكَ وَ حَالَتْ بَيْنِي وَ بَيْنَكَ فَاَسْاَلُكَ اَنْ تُقْبِلَ عَلَيَّ بِوَجْهِكَ الْكَرِيمِ وَ تَنْشُرَ عَلَيَّ رَحْمَتَكَ وَ تُنَزِّلَ عَلَيَّ بَرَكَاتِكَ وَ اِنْ كَانَتْ قَدْ مَنَعَتْ اَنْ تَرْفَعَ لِي اِلَيْكَ صَوْتا اَوْ تَغْفِرَ لِي ذَنْبا اَوْ تَتَجَاوَزَ عَنْ خَطِيئَةٍ مُهْلِكَةٍ فَهَا اَنَا ذَا مُسْتَجِيرٌ بِكَرَمِ وَجْهِكَ وَ عِزِّ جَلالِكَ مُتَوَسِّلٌ اِلَيْكَ مُتَقَرِّبٌ اِلَيْكَ بِاَحَبِّ خَلْقِكَ اِلَيْكَ وَ اَكْرَمِهِمْ عَلَيْكَ وَ اَوْلاهُمْ بِكَ وَ اَطْوَعِهِمْ لَكَ وَ اَعْظَمِهِمْ مَنْزِلَةً وَ مَكَانا عِنْدَكَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ بِعِتْرَتِهِ الطَّاهِرِينَ الْاَئِمَّةِ الْهُدَاةِ الْمَهْدِيِّينَ الَّذِينَ فَرَضْتَ عَلَى خَلْقِكَ طَاعَتَهُمْ وَ اَمَرْتَ بِمَوَدَّتِهِمْ وَ جَعَلْتَهُمْ وُلاةَ الْاَمْرِ مِنْ بَعْدِ رَسُولِكَ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ يَا مُذِلَّ كُلِّ جَبَّارٍ عَنِيدٍ وَ يَا مُعِزَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ بَلَغَ مَجْهُودِي فَهَبْ لِي نَفْسِيَ السَّاعَةَ وَ رَحْمَةً مِنْكَ تَمُنُّ بِهَا عَلَيَّ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ .

You may now kiss the holy tomb, put your two cheeks on it, and say the following words:

اللّٰهُمَّ اِنَّ هَذَا مَشْهَدٌ لا يَرْجُو مَنْ فَاتَتْهُ فِيهِ رَحْمَتُكَ اَنْ يَنَالَهَا فِي غَيْرِهِ وَ لا اَحَدٌ اَشْقَى مِنِ امْرِئٍ قَصَدَهُ مُؤَمِّلا فَآبَ عَنْهُ خَائِبا اللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّي اَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ الْاِيَابِ وَ خَيْبَةِ الْمُنْقَلَبِ وَ الْمُنَاقَشَةِ عِنْدَ الْحِسَابِ وَ حَاشَاكَ يَا رَبِّ اَنْ تَقْرِنَ طَاعَةَ وَلِيِّكَ بِطَاعَتِكَ وَ مُوَالاتَهُ بِمُوَالاتِكَ وَ مَعْصِيَتَهُ بِمَعْصِيَتِكَ ثُمَّ تُؤْيِسَ زَائِرَهُ وَ الْمُتَحَمِّلَ مِنْ بُعْدِ الْبِلادِ اِلَى قَبْرِهِ وَ عِزَّتِكَ يَا رَبِّ لا يَنْعَقِدُ عَلَى ذَلِكَ ضَمِيرِي اِذْ كَانَتِ الْقُلُوبُ اِلَيْكَ بِالْجَمِيلِ تُشِيرُ

You may now offer the prayer of ziyarah. If you intend to bid farewell to the visited holy person and leave, you may say the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا اَهْلَ بَيْتِ النُّبُوَّةِ وَ مَعْدِنَ الرِّسَالَةِ سَلامَ مُوَدِّعٍ لا سَئِمٍ وَ لا قَالٍ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ.

Shaykh al-Mufid has also mentioned these words, but he added: After the statement, you may say the following words:

يَا وَلِيَّ اللّٰهِ اِنَّ بَيْنِي وَ بَيْنَ اللّٰهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ ذُنُوبا لا يَأْتِي عَلَيْهَا اِلا رِضَاكَ فَبِحَقِّ مَنِ ائْتَمَنَكَ عَلَى سِرِّهِ وَ اسْتَرْعَاكَ اَمْرَ خَلْقِهِ وَ قَرَنَ طَاعَتَكَ بِطَاعَتِهِ وَ مُوَالاتَكَ بِمُوَالاتِهِ تَوَلَّ صَلاحَ حَالِى مَعَ اللّٰهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ اجْعَلْ حَظِّي مِنْ زِيَارَتِكَ تَخْلِيطِي بِخَالِصِي زُوَّارِكَ الَّذِينَ تَسْاَلُ اللّٰهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فِي عِتْقِ رِقَابِهِمْ وَ تَرْغَبُ اِلَيْهِ فِي حُسْنِ ثَوَابِهِمْ وَ هَا اَنَا الْيَوْمَ بِقَبْرِكَ لائِذٌ وَ بِحُسْنِ دِفَاعِكَ عَنِّي عَائِذٌ فَتَلافَنِي يَا مَوْلايَ وَ اَدْرِكْنِي وَ اسْاَلِ اللّٰهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فِي اَمْرِي فَاِنَّ لَكَ عِنْدَ اللّٰهِ مَقَاما كَرِيما وَ جَاها عَظِيما صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْكَ وَ سَلَّمَ تَسْلِيما.

A visitor of any of the holy shrines, or any suppliant wherever he may be and whatever prayer he may say, is highly recommended to begin with praying Almighty Allah for the good of Imam al-Mahdi, Almighty Allah’s argument in this age and the patron of the divine mission. Although this issue is of great importance and brings about many significant advantages, it seems unsuitable to refer to this importance or mention these advantages in this place.

However, Shaykh al-Nuri, in Chapter Ten of his book of al-Najm al-Thaqib, has discussed this issue in details and mentioned some supplications in this regard. It is thus recommended to refer to this chapter. The briefest supplication in this connection has been previously cited in this book within the recommended acts at the twenty-third night of Ramazan. It is the following supplication:

اَللّٰهُمَّ كُنْ لِوَلِيِّكَ الْحُجَّةِ ابْنِ الْحَسَنِ .....

Within the etiquettes of visiting Imam al-Husayn (‘a), I have mentioned another supplication that can be said at all of the holy shrines. The supplication begins with the following statement:

اَللّٰهُمَّ قَدْ تَرَيٰ مَكَانِيْ وَتَسْمَعُ كَلَامِيْ ...

SALAWAT UPON THE HOLY INFALLIBLES

Within the recommended rites on Fridays, Shaykh al-Tusi, in his book of Misbah al-Mutahajjid, has mentioned the following:

A group of our companions have reported on the authority of Abu’l-Mufazzal al-Shaybani that Abu-Muhammad ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad al-’Abid related to them in al-Daliyah, saying: In the year 255, I asked my master Imam al-Hasan al-’Askari, peace be upon him, in his house in Surra-Man-Ra’a (Samarra’) to dictate to me an invocation of blessings upon the Prophet and his Successors, peace be upon him and them, after I had brought with me a big sheet of paper. The Imam (‘a) dictated to me orally, saying: Write down the following:

INVOCATION OF BLESSINGS UPON THE HOLY PROPHET

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا حَمَلَ وَحْيَكَ وَ بَلَّغَ رِسَالاتِكَ وَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا اَحَلَّ حَلالَكَ وَ حَرَّمَ حَرَامَكَ وَ عَلَّمَ كِتَابَكَ وَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا اَقَامَ الصَّلاةَ وَ آتَى الزَّكَاةَ وَ دَعَا اِلَى دِينِكَ وَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَدَّقَ بِوَعْدِكَ وَ اَشْفَقَ مِنْ وَعِيدِكَ وَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا غَفَرْتَ بِهِ الذُّنُوبَ وَ سَتَرْتَ بِهِ الْعُيُوبَ وَ فَرَّجْتَ بِهِ الْكُرُوبَ وَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا دَفَعْتَ بِهِ الشَّقَاءَ وَ كَشَفْتَ بِهِ الْغَمَّاءَ وَ اَجَبْتَ بِهِ الدُّعَاءَ وَ نَجَّيْتَ بِهِ مِنَ الْبَلاءِ وَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا رَحِمْتَ بِهِ الْعِبَادَ وَ اَحْيَيْتَ بِهِ الْبِلادَ وَ قَصَمْتَ بِهِ الْجَبَابِرَةَ وَ اَهْلَكْتَ بِهِ الْفَرَاعِنَةَ وَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا اَضْعَفْتَ بِهِ الْاَمْوَالَ وَ اَحْرَزْتَ بِهِ مِنَ الْاَهْوَالِ وَ كَسَرْتَ بِهِ الْاَصْنَامَ وَ رَحِمْتَ بِهِ الْاَنَامَ وَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَعَثْتَهُ بِخَيْرِ الْاَدْيَانِ وَ اَعْزَزْتَ بِهِ الْاِيمَانَ وَ تَبَّرْتَ بِهِ الْاَوْثَانَ وَ عَظَّمْتَ بِهِ الْبَيْتَ الْحَرَامَ وَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ الطَّاهِرِينَ الْاَخْيَارِ وَ سَلَّمَ تَسْلِيما .

INVOCATION OF BLESSINGS UPON THE COMMANDER OF THE FAITHFUL

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى اَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ اَبِي طَالِبٍ اَخِي نَبِيِّكَ وَ وَلِيِّهِ وَ صَفِيِّهِ [وَ وَصِيِّهِ‏] وَ وَزِيرِهِ وَ مُسْتَوْدَعِ عِلْمِهِ وَ مَوْضِعِ سِرِّهِ وَ بَابِ حِكْمَتِهِ وَ النَّاطِقِ بِحُجَّتِهِ وَ الدَّاعِي اِلَى شَرِيعَتِهِ وَ خَلِيفَتِهِ فِي اُمَّتِهِ وَ مُفَرِّجِ الْكُرَبِ [الْكَرْبِ‏] عَنْ وَجْهِهِ قَاصِمِ الْكَفَرَةِ وَ مُرْغِمِ الْفَجَرَةِ الَّذِي جَعَلْتَهُ مِنْ نَبِيِّكَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ هَارُونَ مِنْ مُوسَى اللّٰهُمَّ وَالِ مَنْ وَالاهُ وَ عَادِ مَنْ عَادَاهُ وَ انْصُرْ مَنْ نَصْرَهُ وَ اخْذُلْ مَنْ خَذَلَهُ وَ الْعَنْ مَنْ نَصَبَ لَهُ مِنَ الْاَوَّلِينَ وَ الْآخِرِينَ وَ صَلِّ عَلَيْهِ اَفْضَلَ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى اَحَدٍ مِنْ اَوْصِيَاءِ اَنْبِيَائِكَ يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ .

INVOCATION OF BLESSINGS UPON LADY FATIMAH

THE DOYENNE OF THE WOMEN OF THE WORLDS

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى الصِّدِّيقَةِ فَاطِمَةَ الزَّكِيَّةِ حَبِيبَةِ حَبِيبِكَ وَ نَبِيِّكَ وَ اُمِّ اَحِبَّائِكَ وَ اَصْفِيَائِكَ الَّتِي انْتَجَبْتَهَا وَ فَضَّلْتَهَا وَ اخْتَرْتَهَا عَلَى نِسَاءِ الْعَالَمِينَ اللّٰهُمَّ كُنِ الطَّالِبَ لَهَا مِمَّنْ ظَلَمَهَا وَ اسْتَخَفَّ بِحَقِّهَا وَ كُنِ الثَّائِرَ اللّٰهُمَّ بِدَمِ اَوْلادِهَا اللّٰهُمَّ وَ كَمَا جَعَلْتَهَا اُمَّ الْاَئِمَّةِ الْهُدَى وَ حَلِيلَةَ صَاحِبِ اللِّوَاءِ وَ الْكَرِيمَةَ عِنْدَ الْمَلَاِ الْاَعْلَى فَصَلِّ عَلَيْهَا وَ عَلَى اُمِّهَا صَلاةً تُكْرِمُ بِهَا وَجْهَ مُحَمَّدٍ [اَبِيهَا] صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ وَ تُقِرُّ بِهَا اَعْيُنَ ذُرِّيَّتِهَا وَ اَبْلِغْهُمْ عَنِّي فِي هَذِهِ السَّاعَةِ اَفْضَلَ التَّحِيَّةِ وَ السَّلامِ .

INVOCATION OF BLESSINGS UPON AL-HASAN AND AL-HUSAYN

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ عَبْدَيْكَ وَ وَلِيَّيْكَ وَ ابْنَيْ رَسُولِكَ وَ سِبْطَيِ الرَّحْمَةِ وَ سَيِّدَيْ شَبَابِ اَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ اَفْضَلَ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى اَحَدٍ مِنْ اَوْلادِ النَّبِيِّينَ وَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى الْحَسَنِ بْنِ سَيِّدِ النَّبِيِّينَ وَ وَصِيِّ اَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ سَيِّدِ الْوَصِيِّينَ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ يَا ابْنَ اَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اَمِينُ اللّٰهِ وَ ابْنُ اَمِينِهِ عِشْتَ مَظْلُوما وَ مَضَيْتَ شَهِيدا وَ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ الْاِمَامُ الزَّكِيُّ الْهَادِي الْمَهْدِيُّ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَيْهِ وَ بَلِّغْ رُوحَهُ وَ جَسَدَهُ عَنِّي فِي هَذِهِ السَّاعَةِ اَفْضَلَ التَّحِيَّةِ وَ السَّلامِ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْمَظْلُومِ الشَّهِيدِ قَتِيلِ الْكَفَرَةِ وَ طَرِيحِ الْفَجَرَةِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا اَبَا عَبْدِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ اَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، اَشْهَدُ مُوقِنا اَنَّكَ اَمِينُ اللّٰهِ وَ ابْنُ اَمِينِهِ قُتِلْتَ مَظْلُوما وَ مَضَيْتَ شَهِيدا وَ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّ اللّٰهَ تَعَالَى الطَّالِبُ بِثَارِكَ وَ مُنْجِزٌ مَا وَعَدَكَ مِنَ النَّصْرِ وَ التَّأْيِيدِ فِي هَلاكِ عَدُوِّكَ وَ اِظْهَارِ دَعْوَتِكَ وَ اَشَهَدُ اَنَّكَ وَفَيْتَ بِعَهْدِ اللّٰهِ وَ جَاهَدْتَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللّٰهِ وَ عَبَدْتَ اللّٰهَ مُخْلِصا حَتَّى اَتَاكَ الْيَقِينُ لَعَنَ اللّٰهُ اُمَّةً قَتَلَتْكَ وَ لَعَنَ اللّٰهُ اُمَّةً خَذَلَتْكَ وَ لَعَنَ اللّٰهُ اُمَّةً اَلَبَّتْ عَلَيْكَ وَ اَبْرَاُ اِلَى اللّٰهِ تَعَالَى مِمَّنْ اَكْذَبَكَ وَ اسْتَخَفَّ بِحَقِّكَ وَ اسْتَحَلَّ دَمَكَ بِاَبِي اَنْتَ وَ اُمِّي يَا اَبَا عَبْدِ اللّٰهِ لَعَنَ اللّٰهُ قَاتِلَكَ وَ لَعَنَ اللّٰهُ خَاذِلَكَ وَ لَعَنَ اللّٰهُ مَنْ سَمِعَ وَاعِيَتَكَ فَلَمْ يُجِبْكَ وَ لَمْ يَنْصُرْكَ وَ لَعَنَ اللّٰهُ مَنْ سَبَى نِسَاءَكَ اَنَا اِلَى اللّٰهِ مِنْهُمْ بَرِي‏ءٌ وَ مِمَّنْ وَالاهُمْ وَ مَالَاَهُمْ وَ اَعَانَهُمْ عَلَيْهِ وَ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّكَ وَ الْاَئِمَّةَ مِنْ وُلْدِكَ كَلِمَةُ التَّقْوَى وَ بَابُ الْهُدَى وَ الْعُرْوَةُ الْوُثْقَي وَ الْحُجَّةُ عَلَى اَهْلِ الدُّنْيَا وَ اَشْهَدُ اَنِّي بِكُمْ مُؤْمِنٌ وَ بِمَنْزِلَتِكُمْ مُوقِنٌ وَ لَكُمْ تَابِعٌ بِذَاتِ نَفْسِي وَ شَرَائِعِ دِينِي وَ خَوَاتِيمِ عَمَلِي وَ مُنْقَلَبِي فِي دُنْيَايَ وَ آخِرَتِي.

INVOCATION OF BLESSINGS UPON IMAM ‘ALI IBN AL-HUSAYN

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ سَيِّدِ الْعَابِدِينَ الَّذِي اسْتَخْلَصْتَهُ لِنَفْسِكَ وَ جَعَلْتَ مِنْهُ اَئِمَّةَ الْهُدَى الَّذِينَ يَهْدُونَ بِالْحَقِّ وَ بِهِ يَعْدِلُونَ اخْتَرْتَهُ لِنَفْسِكَ وَ طَهَّرْتَهُ مِنَ الرِّجْسِ وَ اصْطَفَيْتَهُ وَ جَعَلْتَهُ هَادِيا مَهْدِيّا اللّٰهُمَّ فَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ اَفْضَلَ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى اَحَدٍ مِنْ ذُرِّيَّةِ اَنْبِيَائِكَ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ بِهِ مَا تَقَرُّ بِهِ عَيْنُهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ اِنَّكَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ .

INVOCATION OF BLESSINGS UPON IMAM MUHAMMAD IBN ‘ALI

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ بَاقِرِ الْعِلْمِ وَ اِمَامِ الْهُدَى وَ قَائِدِ اَهْلِ التَّقْوَى وَ الْمُنْتَجَبِ مِنْ عِبَادِكَ اللّٰهُمَّ وَ كَمَا جَعَلْتَهُ عَلَما لِعِبَادِكَ وَ مَنَارا لِبِلادِكَ وَ مُسْتَوْدَعا لِحِكْمَتِكَ وَ مُتَرْجِما لِوَحْيِكَ وَ اَمَرْتَ بِطَاعَتِهِ وَ حَذَّرْتَ مِنْ مَعْصِيَتِهِ فَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ يَا رَبِّ اَفْضَلَ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى اَحَدٍ مِنْ ذُرِّيَّةِ اَنْبِيَائِكَ وَ اَصْفِيَائِكَ وَ رُسُلِكَ وَ اُمَنَائِكَ يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ .

INVOCATION OF BLESSINGS UPON IMAM JA’FAR IBN MUHAMMAD

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الصَّادِقِ خَازِنِ الْعِلْمِ الدَّاعِي اِلَيْكَ بِالْحَقِّ النُّورِ الْمُبِينِ اللّٰهُمَّ وَ كَمَا جَعَلْتَهُ مَعْدِنَ كَلامِكَ وَ وَحْيِكَ وَ خَازِنَ عِلْمِكَ وَ لِسَانَ تَوْحِيدِكَ وَ وَلِيَّ اَمْرِكَ وَ مُسْتَحْفَظَ [مُسْتَحْفِظَ] دِينِكَ فَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ اَفْضَلَ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى اَحَدٍ مِنْ اَصْفِيَائِكَ وَ حُجَجِكَ اِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ .

INVOCATION OF BLESSINGS UPON IMAM MUSA IBN JA’FAR

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى الْاَمِينِ الْمُؤْتَمَنِ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْبَرِّ الْوَفِيِّ الطَّاهِرِ الزَّكِيِّ النُّورِ الْمُبِينِ [الْمُنِيرِ] الْمُجْتَهِدِ الْمُحْتَسِبِ الصَّابِرِ عَلَى الْاَذَى فِيكَ اللّٰهُمَّ وَ كَمَا بَلَّغَ عَنْ آبَائِهِ مَا اسْتُودِعَ مِنْ اَمْرِكَ وَ نَهْيِكَ وَ حَمَلَ عَلَى الْمَحَجَّةِ وَ كَابَدَ اَهْلَ الْعِزَّةِ وَ الشِّدَّةِ فِيمَا كَانَ يَلْقَى مِنْ جُهَّالِ قَوْمِهِ رَبِّ فَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ اَفْضَلَ وَ اَكْمَلَ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى اَحَدٍ مِمَّنْ اَطَاعَكَ وَ نَصَحَ لِعِبَادِكَ اِنَّكَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ .

INVOCATION OF BLESSINGS UPON IMAM ‘ALI IBN MUSA

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُوسَى الَّذِي ارْتَضَيْتَهُ وَ رَضَّيْتَ بِهِ مَنْ شِئْتَ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ اللّٰهُمَّ وَ كَمَا جَعَلْتَهُ حُجَّةً عَلَى خَلْقِكَ وَ قَائِما بِاَمْرِكَ وَ نَاصِرا لِدِينِكَ وَ شَاهِدا عَلَى عِبَادِكَ وَ كَمَا نَصَحَ لَهُمْ فِي السِّرِّ وَ الْعَلانِيَةِ وَ دَعَا اِلَى سَبِيلِكَ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَ الْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِ فَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ اَفْضَلَ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى اَحَدٍ مِنْ اَوْلِيَائِكَ وَ خِيَرَتِكَ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ اِنَّكَ جَوَادٌ كَرِيمٌ .

INVOCATION OF BLESSINGS UPON IMAM MUHAMMAD IBN ‘ALI AL-JAWAD

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُوسَى عَلَمِ التُّقَى وَ نُورِ الْهُدَى وَ مَعْدِنِ الْوَفَاءِ وَ فَرْعِ الْاَزْكِيَاءِ وَ خَلِيفَةِ الْاَوْصِيَاءِ وَ اَمِينِكَ عَلَى وَحْيِكَ اللّٰهُمَّ فَكَمَا هَدَيْتَ بِهِ مِنَ الضَّلالَةِ وَ اسْتَنْقَذْتَ بِهِ مِنَ الْحَيْرَةِ وَ اَرْشَدْتَ بِهِ مَنِ اهْتَدَى وَ زَكَّيْتَ بِهِ مَنْ تَزَكَّى فَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ اَفْضَلَ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى اَحَدٍ مِنْ اَوْلِيَائِكَ وَ بَقِيَّةِ اَوْصِيَائِكَ اِنَّكَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ .

INVOCATION OF BLESSINGS UPON IMAM ‘ALI IBN MUHAMMAD AL-HADI

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَصِيِّ الْاَوْصِيَاءِ وَ اِمَامِ الْاَتْقِيَاءِ وَ خَلَفِ اَئِمَّةِ الدِّينِ وَ الْحُجَّةِ عَلَى الْخَلائِقِ اَجْمَعِينَ اللّٰهُمَّ كَمَا جَعَلْتَهُ نُورا يَسْتَضِي‏ءُ بِهِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ فَبَشَّرَ بِالْجَزِيلِ مِنْ ثَوَابِكَ وَ اَنْذَرَ بِالْاَلِيمِ مِنْ عِقَابِكَ وَ حَذَّرَ بَأْسَكَ وَ ذَكَّرَ بِآيَاتِكَ وَ اَحَلَّ حَلالَكَ وَ حَرَّمَ حَرَامَكَ وَ بَيَّنَ شَرَائِعَكَ وَ فَرَائِضَكَ وَ حَضَّ عَلَى عِبَادَتِكَ وَ اَمَرَ بِطَاعَتِكَ وَ نَهَى عَنْ مَعْصِيَتِكَ فَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ اَفْضَلَ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى اَحَدٍ مِنْ اَوْلِيَائِكَ وَ ذُرِّيَّةِ اَنْبِيَائِكَ يَا اِلَهَ الْعَالَمِينَ.

The reporter, Abu-Muhammad al-Yamani, said: When it was the turn of the invocation of blessings upon him, Imam al-Hasan al-’Askari (‘a) stopped. I asked about the reason, and he answered: Had this question not been part of the religion that we are ordered to convey and transmit to its people, I would have preferred keeping silence. However, this is the religion. You may write down:

INVOCATION OF BLESSINGS UPON IMAM AL-HASAN AL-’ASKARI

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْبَرِّ التَّقِيِّ الصَّادِقِ الْوَفِيِّ النُّورِ الْمُضِي‏ءِ خَازِنِ عِلْمِكَ وَ الْمُذَكِّرِ بِتَوْحِيدِكَ وَ وَلِيِّ اَمْرِكَ وَ خَلَفِ اَئِمَّةِ الدِّينِ الْهُدَاةِ الرَّاشِدِينَ وَ الْحُجَّةِ عَلَى اَهْلِ الدُّنْيَا فَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ يَا رَبِّ اَفْضَلَ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى اَحَدٍ مِنْ اَصْفِيَائِكَ وَ حُجَجِكَ وَ اَوْلادِ رُسُلِكَ يَا اِلَهَ الْعَالَمِينَ

INVOCATION OF BLESSINGS UPON THE AWAITED IMAM

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى وَلِيِّكَ وَ ابْنِ اَوْلِيَائِكَ الَّذِينَ فَرَضْتَ طَاعَتَهُمْ وَ اَوْجَبْتَ حَقَّهُمْ وَ اَذْهَبْتَ عَنْهُمُ الرِّجْسَ وَ طَهَّرْتَهُمْ تَطْهِيرا اللّٰهُمَّ انْصُرْهُ وَ انْتَصِرْ بِهِ لِدِينِكَ وَ انْصُرْ بِهِ اَوْلِيَاءَكَ وَ اَوْلِيَاءَهُ وَ شِيعَتَهُ وَ اَنْصَارَهُ وَ اجْعَلْنَا مِنْهُمْ اللّٰهُمَّ اَعِذْهُ مِنْ شَرِّ كُلِّ بَاغٍ وَ طَاغٍ وَ مِنْ شَرِّ جَمِيعِ خَلْقِكَ وَ احْفَظْهُ مِنْ بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَ مِنْ خَلْفِهِ وَ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَ عَنْ شِمَالِهِ وَ احْرُسْهُ وَ امْنَعْهُ اَنْ يُوصَلَ اِلَيْهِ بِسُوءٍ وَ احْفَظْ فِيهِ رَسُولَكَ وَ آلَ رَسُولِكَ وَ اَظْهِرْ بِهِ الْعَدْلَ وَ اَيِّدْهُ بِالنَّصْرِ وَ انْصُرْ نَاصِرِيهِ وَ اخْذُلْ خَاذِلِيهِ وَ اقْصِمْ بِهِ جَبَابِرَةَ الْكُفْرِ وَ اقْتُلْ بِهِ الْكُفَّارَ وَ الْمُنَافِقِينَ وَ جَمِيعَ الْمُلْحِدِينَ حَيْثُ كَانُوا مِنْ مَشَارِقِ الْاَرْضِ وَ مَغَارِبِهَا وَ بَرِّهَا وَ بِحْرِهَا وَ امْلَأْ بِهِ الْاَرْضَ عَدْلا وَاَظْهِرْ بِهِ دِينَ نَبِيِّكَ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ السَّلامُ وَ اجْعَلْنِي اللّٰهُمَّ مِنْ اَنْصَارِهِ وَ اَعْوَانِهِ وَ اَتْبَاعِهِ وَ شِيعَتِهِ وَ اَرِنِي فِي آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ مَا يَأْمُلُونَ وَ فِي عَدُوِّهِمْ مَا يَحْذَرُونَ اِلَهَ الْحَقِّ آمِينَ.

VISITING OTHER TOMBS

This section consists of three parts; the first deals with the merits and methods of visiting the Prophets, peace be upon them. The second part displays a few forms of ziyarah of some great personalities from among the descendants of the Holy Imams (‘a). The third part deals with the method of visiting the tombs of the faithful believers.

VISITING THE TOMBS OF THE HOLY PROPHETS

Both reason and religious laws of Islam reveal the obligation of honoring and venerating the holy prophets without making distinction between them. In view of that, to visit the tombs of these venerable prophets must be acceptable and advisable. Therefore, scholars have declared that it is recommended to visit their tombs.

Although the prophets are so many, we know the place of the graves of a very limited number of them. As much as I remember, the prophets whose graves are known are as follows:

1. Prophet Adam and Prophet Noah: The graves of these two prophets are known to be next to the tomb of Imam ‘Ali Amir al-Mu’minin (‘a).

2. Prophet Abraham: His grave is situated in Jerusalem near the Furthest Mosque (i.e. Bayt al-Maqdis). In the vicinity of the tomb of Prophet Abraham, there was also buried his wife Sarah.

3. Prophets Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph: These holy prophets were also buried next to the tomb of Prophet Abraham in Jerusalem.

4. Prophet Ishmael: Prophet Ishmael (Isma’il) and his mother Hagar were buried in the Holy Mosque (in Makkah). In this very place, there are also the tombs of many prophets. In this respect, Imam al-Baqir, peace be upon him, is reported to have said, “The area between the Rukn (corner of the Holy House of Allah) and the Maqam (the standing-place of Prophet Abraham) is overcrowded with graves of prophets.”

Imam al-Sadiq, peace be upon him, is reported to have said, “The graves of seventy prophets are situated between the Yemeni Corner (of the Holy Ka’bah) and the Black Stone.”

5. Prophet David and Prophet Solomon: Inside the Furthest Mosque of Jerusalem, there are graves of many prophets, such as Prophet David and Prophet Solomon, as well as many other famous prophets, peace be upon them all.

6. Prophet Zachariah: The tomb of Prophet Zachariah is known in the city of Aleppo, Syria.

7. Prophet Jonah: There is a shrine covered by a famous dome near the bridge of al-Kufah ascribed to Prophet Jonah.( )

8. Prophet Hud and Prophet Salih: The tombs of Prophet Hud and Prophet Salih are known for being situated in the holy city of al-Najaf.

9. Prophet Dhu’l-Kifl: The tomb of Prophet Dhu’l-Kifl is famous. It is situated on the shore of the River Euphrates, not very far from the city of al-Kufah.

10. Prophet Georges: The grave of Prophet Georges lies in the city of Mosul, Iraq.

11. Prophet Seth: The grave of Prophet Seth, known as the Gift of God, lies in the outskirts of the city of Mosul.

12. Prophet Daniel: The grave of Prophet Daniel is situated in the city of Shush, southern Iran.

13. Prophet Joshua: The grave of Prophet Joshua is opposite to Buratha Mosque (Masjid Buratha) in Baghdad, Iraq,( ) where there are also graves of many other prophets, peace be upon them all.

VISITING THE TOMBS OF THE PROPHETS

Actually, I could not put my hand on an authentically reported form of ziyarah that is dedicated to the holy prophets, except for two forms of ziyarah of Prophet Adam and Prophet Noah, which have been previously cited within the forms of ziyarah of Imam ‘Ali Amir al-Mu’minin (‘a).

Anyhow, the first comprehensive form of ziyarah (al-Ziyarah al-Jami’ah al-Saghirah) can be said at visiting the tombs of the holy prophets, too, as is inferred from its report. Confirming this fact, the sublime Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Mashhadi and the magnificent Sayyid Ibn Tawus, in the book of Misbah al-Za’ir as well as other books, have mentioned this form of ziyarah to be said at visiting the shrine of Prophet Jonah within the etiquettes of entering the city of al-Kufah. Most probably, these scholars have mentioned this comprehensive form of ziyarah for visiting this shrine is only because of the generality that is understood from the narration of this form of ziyarah. In other words, the report of this form of ziyarah suggests that it can be said at all shrines.

At any rate, it is appropriate to say al-Ziyarah al-Jami’ah al-Saghirah, which has been previously cited in this book, when visiting the shrines of the holy prophets.

VISITING THE TOMBS OF DESCENDANTS OF THE HOLY IMAMS (A)

The descendants of the Holy Imams are the sons of the true kings. Their tombs are sources of divine abundance and benedictions and places where the mercy and care of Almighty Allah are sent down. Scholars have advised of visiting their tombs, which are scattered in the majority of the countries of the Shi’ah and even in small villages, deserts, mountains, and valleys. At all times, these tombs are taken by people as refuge for the distressed, havens for the miserable, shelters for the oppressed, and source of entertainment for withering hearts. They will keep acting this role up to the Resurrection Day. In many of such holy shrines, people have noticed many extraordinary matters, as signs of Almighty Allah’s honoring the one entombed there.

All the same, an individual who intends to visit such holy places, trusting that he will attain items of Almighty Allah’s mercy and will have his agonies relieved, must first of all be sure of two matters that act as conditions of visiting such places:

First Condition: A visitor is required to acquaint himself with the sublimity, great importance, and authentic lineage of the visited person. These matters can be obtained from the books of traditions, lineages, and history.

Second Condition: A visitor must make sure that the visited tomb is validly ascribed to the person.

Unfortunately, these two conditions cannot be found except in a very few number of places of pilgrimage. In my book of Hadiyyat al-Za’ir, I have referred to a number of shrines that meet these two conditions. In my books of Nafthat al-Masdur and Muntaha al-Amal, I have mentioned something about the tomb of Muhsin ibn al-Husayn. However, I cannot mention such details in this book; therefore, I will refer to two places of pilgrimage only:

VISITING LADY FATIMAH AL MASUMAH IN QUM

The holy shrine of the sublime and great lady Fatimah the daughter of Imam Musa ibn Ja’far al-Kazim (‘a) lies in the blessed city of Qumm. It is a very famous place with a towering dome, a tomb, many courtyards, many custodians, and abundant endowments. The shrine is the delight of the eyes of the people of Qumm and the shelter of all people. Every year, great numbers of people undertake the troubles of travel in order come for visiting this lady from distant regions, seeking the rewards of visiting her tomb.

MERITS OF LADY FATIMAH AL-MA’SUMAH

The merits and sublimity of Lady Fatimah al-Ma’sumah can be derived from many traditions some of which are as follows:

Shaykh al-Saduq, through an authentic-like chain of authority, has reported Sa’d ibn Sa’d to have asked Imam al-Rida (‘a) about Fatimah the daughter of Imam Musa ibn Ja’far. Imam al-Rida, peace be upon him, answered, “Whoever visits her (tomb) will be awarded Paradise.”

Through another valid chain of authority, Shaykh al-Saduq reports Imam Muhammad al-Jawad the son of Imam al-Rida as saying, “Whoever visits the tomb of my paternal aunt in Qumm will be awarded Paradise.”

METHOD OF ZIYARAH OF LADY FATIMAH AL-MA’SUMAH

‘Allamah al-Majlisi has reported from some books on forms of ziyarah that ‘Ali ibn Ibrahim reported on the authority of his father that Imam al-Rida, Allah’s blessings be upon him, said to Sa’d al-Ash’ari al-Qummi, “O Sa’d, we have a tomb in your city.”

“May Allah accept me as ransom for you!” answered Sa’d, “Do you mean the tomb of Fatimah the daughter of Musa ibn Ja’far?”

The Imam (‘a) answered in the affirmative and added:

Whoever visits her with full recognition of her standing will be awarded Paradise. When you come to her tomb, you should stop at the side of her head, directing your face towards the kiblah direction, and repeat the following word thirty-four times:

اللّه اكبر

You should then repeat the following word thirty-three times:

سبحان اللّه

You should also repeat the following word thirty-three times:

الحمد للّه

You should then say the following words:

السَّلامُ عَلَى آدَمَ صِفْوَةِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَى نُوحٍ نَبِيِّ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَى اِبْرَاهِيمَ خَلِيلِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَى مُوسَى كَلِيمِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَى عِيسَى رُوحِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا خَيْرَ خَلْقِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا صَفِيَّ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللّٰهِ خَاتَمَ النَّبِيِّينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا اَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلِيَّ بْنَ اَبِي طَالِبٍ وَصِيَّ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ يَا فَاطِمَةُ سَيِّدَةَ نِسَاءِ الْعَالَمِينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُمَا يَا سِبْطَيْ نَبِيِّ الرَّحْمَةِ وَ سَيِّدَيْ شَبَابِ اَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ سَيِّدَ الْعَابِدِينَ وَ قُرَّةَ عَيْنِ النَّاظِرِينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ بَاقِرَ الْعِلْمِ بَعْدَ النَّبِيِّ ، السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا جَعْفَرَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ الصَّادِقَ الْبَارَّ الْاَمِينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مُوسَى بْنَ جَعْفَرٍ الطَّاهِرَ الطُّهْرَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا عَلِيَّ بْنَ مُوسَى الرِّضَا الْمُرْتَضَى السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ التَّقِيَّ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا عَلِيَّ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ النَّقِيَّ النَّاصِحَ الْاَمِينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حَسَنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ السَّلامُ عَلَى الْوَصِيِّ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى نُورِكَ وَ سِرَاجِكَ وَ وَلِيِّ وَلِيِّكَ وَ وَصِيِّ وَصِيِّكَ وَ حُجَّتِكَ عَلَى خَلْقِكَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بِنْتَ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بِنْتَ فَاطِمَةَ وَ خَدِيجَةَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بِنْتَ اَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بِنْتَ الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بِنْتَ وَلِيِّ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ يَا اُخْتَ وَلِيِّ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ يَا عَمَّةَ وَلِيِّ اللّٰهِ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بِنْتَ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللّٰهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ ، السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ عَرَّفَ اللّٰهُ بَيْنَنَا وَ بَيْنَكُمْ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَ حَشَرَنَا فِي زُمْرَتِكُمْ وَ اَوْرَدَنَا حَوْضَ نَبِيِّكُمْ وَ سَقَانَا بِكَأْسِ جَدِّكُمْ مِنْ يَدِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ اَبِي طَالِبٍ صَلَوَاتُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْكُمْ اَسْاَلُ اللّٰهَ اَنْ يُرِيَنَا فِيكُمُ السُّرُورَ وَ الْفَرَجَ وَ اَنْ يَجْمَعَنَا وَ اِيَّاكُمْ فِي زُمْرَةِ جَدِّكُمْ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ وَ اَنْ لا يَسْلُبَنَا مَعْرِفَتَكُمْ اِنَّهُ وَلِيٌّ قَدِيرٌ اَتَقَرَّبُ اِلَى اللّٰهِ بِحُبِّكُمْ وَ الْبَرَاءَةِ مِنْ اَعْدَائِكُمْ وَ التَّسْلِيمِ اِلَى اللّٰهِ رَاضِيا بِهِ غَيْرَ مُنْكِرٍ وَ لا مُسْتَكْبِرٍ وَ عَلَى يَقِينِ مَا اَتَى بِهِ مُحَمَّدٌ وَ بِهِ رَاضٍ نَطْلُبُ بِذَلِكَ وَجْهَكَ يَا سَيِّدِي اللّٰهُمَّ وَ رِضَاكَ وَ الدَّارَ الْآخِرَةِ يَا فَاطِمَةُ اشْفَعِي لِي فِي الْجَنَّةِ فَاِنَّ لَكِ عِنْدَ اللّٰهِ شَأْنا مِنَ الشَّأْنِ اللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّي اَسْاَلُكَ اَنْ تَخْتِمَ لِي بِالسَّعَادَةِ فَلا تَسْلُبْ مِنِّي مَا اَنَا فِيهِ وَ لا حَوْلَ وَ لا قُوَّةَ اِلا بِاللّٰهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيمِ اللّٰهُمَّ اسْتَجِبْ لَنَا وَ تَقَبَّلْهُ بِكَرَمِكَ وَ عِزَّتِكَ وَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ وَ عَافِيَتِكَ وَ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ اَجْمَعِينَ وَ سَلَّمَ تَسْلِيما يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ.