Children in the Quran and Sunnah

Children in the Quran and Sunnah0%

Children in the Quran and Sunnah Author:
Publisher: Dar al-Hadith Publications
Category: Family and Child

Children in the Quran and Sunnah

This book is corrected and edited by Al-Hassanain (p) Institue for Islamic Heritage and Thought

Author: M. Mohammadi Rayshahri
Publisher: Dar al-Hadith Publications
Category: visits: 14497
Download: 3086

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Children in the Quran and Sunnah

Children in the Quran and Sunnah

Author:
Publisher: Dar al-Hadith Publications
English

This book is corrected and edited by Al-Hassanain (p) Institue for Islamic Heritage and Thought

Chapter 6: Supplication

6.1: Encouraging Supplication for Children

“And those who say: ‘O’ our Lord! Grant us from our wives and our offspring the joy of our eyes, and make us for the pious ones (their) Imams.” 1

“My Lord! Make me a performer of the prayer, and of my offspring (too); Our Lord! And accept my petition.” 2

“My Lord! Grant me that I may give thank Your favour which You have bestowed on me and on my parents, and that I may do good which pleases You and do good to me in respect of my offspring; surely I turn to You, and surely I am of those who submit.” 3

396. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“The father’s prayer for the child is useful like water is for plants.” 4

397. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“The father’s prayer for his child is like the prayer of a Prophet for his nation.” 5

398. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“May the mercy of Allah be upon he who helps his child in being righteous, which is to forgive his faults and supplicate to Allah for him.” 6

الحَثُّ عَلَى الدُّعاءِ لِلأولادِ

(وَ الَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنا هَبْ لَنا مِنْ أَزْواجِنا وَ ذُرِّيَّاتِنا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَ اجْعَلْنا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِماماً)

(رَبِّ اجْعَلْنِي مُقِيمَ الصَّلاةِ وَ مِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِي رَبَّنا وَ تَقَبَّلْ دُعاءِ)

(رَبِّ أَوْزِعْنِي أَنْ أَشْكُرَ نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَ عَلى‏ والِدَيَّ وَ أَنْ أَعْمَلَ صالِحاً تَرْضاهُ وَ أَصْلِحْ لِي فِي ذُرِّيَّتِي إِنِّي تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَ إِنِّي مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ)

396. رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: دُعاءُ الوالِدِ لِلوَلَدِ كَالماءِ لِلزَّرعِ بِصَلاحِهِ

397. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: دُعاءُ الوالِدِ لِوَلَدِهِ مِثلُ دُعاءِ النَّبِيِّ لِأُمَّتِهِ

398. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: رَحِمَ اللهُ مَن أعانَ وَلَدَهُ عَلى بِرِّهِ؛ وهُوَ أن يَعفُوَ عَن سَيِّئَتِهِ، ويَدعُوَ لَهُ فيما بَينَهُ وبَينَ اللهِ

6.2: Reproaching of Supplicating Against the Children

399. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“Do not supplicate against yourselves, do not supplicate against your children and do not supplicate against your properties.” 7

400. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“Do not supplicate against your children, lest it is accepted by Allah.” 8

401. Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said:“Any man who supplicates against his child will be stricken by Allah with poverty.” 9

النَّهيُ عَنِ الدُّعاءِ عَلَى الأَولادِ

399. رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: لا تَدعوا عَلى أنفُسِكُم، ولا تَدعوا عَلى أولادِكُم، ولا تَدعُوا عَلى أموالِكُم

400. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: لا تَدعوا عَلى أولادِكُم أن تُوافِقَ مِنَ اللهِ إجابَةً

401. الإمام الصادق عليه السلام: أيُّما رَجُلٍ دَعا عَلى وَلَدِهِ أورَثَهُ اللهُ الفَقرَ

6.3: The Supplication of Imam al-Sajjad (a.s.) for his Children

402. Imam al-Sajjad (a.s.) said, in his supplication for his children:“O Allah, grant me by keeping my children alive, making them righteous for me and allowing me to be happy with them!

O Allah! Extend their ages for me, prolong their lives for me, raise the small ones, strengthen the weak ones, and safeguard their bodies for me and their faith and moral traits. Make them well in their souls, their limbs and everything that concerns me of their affairs, and pour out for me and through my hands their provisions!

Make them pious, fearing, insightful, hearing and obedient to You, and loving and advising to Your friends, and strictly resistant and detesting to all Your enemies! Amen!

O Allah! Strengthen my arm through them, straighten my bending back, multiply my number, adorn my presence, keep alive my remembrance, suffice me when I am away, help me in my needs, and make them loving towards me, affectionate, approaching, upright and obedient, and never disobedient, disrespectful, opposing, or offending!

Help me in their upbringing, their education, and my devotion to them. Give me male children among them from Yourself, make that something good for me, and make them a help for me in what I ask from You!

Give me and my progeny refuge from the accursed Satan, for You have created us, commanded us, and prohibited us, and made us desire the reward of what You have commanded, and fear its punishment! You assigned to us an enemy who schemes against us, gave him an authority over us in a way that You did not give us authority over him, allowed him to dwell in our breasts and let him run in our blood vessels; he is not heedless, though we are heedless, he does not forget, though we forget; he makes us feel secure from Your punishment and fills us with fear toward other than You. If we are about to commit an indecency, he gives us courage to do so, and if we are about to perform a righteous work, he holds us back from it. He opposes us through passions, and sets up for us doubts. If he promises us, he lies, and if he raises our hopes, he fails to fulfil them. If You do not turn his trickery away from us, he will misguide us, and if You do not protect us from his corruption, he will cause us to slip.

O Allah! So defeat his authority over us through Your authority, such that You hold him back from us through the frequency of our supplication to You and we leave his trickery and rise up among those preserved by You from sin!

O Allah! grant me my every request, accomplish for me my needs, withhold not from me Your response when You have made Yourself accountable for it to me, veil not my supplication from Yourself, when You have commanded me to make it, and be kind to me through everything that will set me right in this

world and the next, in everything that I remember or forget, display or conceal, make public or keep secret!

In all of this, place me through my asking You among those who set things right, those who are answered favourably when they request from You and from whom is not withheld when they put their trust in You, those accustomed to seek refuge in You , those who profit through commerce with You, those granted sanctuary through Your might, those given lawful provision abdundantly from Your boundless bounty through Your munificence and generosity, those who reach exaltation after abasement through You, those granted sanctuary from wrong through Your justice, those released from affliction through Your mercy, those delivered from need after poverty through Your riches, those preserved from sins, slips, and offences through reverential fear toward You, those successful in goodness, right conduct, and propriety through obeying You, those walled off from sins through Your power, the abandoners from every act of disobedience toward You, the dwellers in Your neighbourhood!

O Allah! Give me all of that through Your bestowal of success and Your mercy, grant us refuge from the chastisement of the burning, and give to all the Muslims, male and female, and all the faithful, male and female, the like of what I have asked for myself and my children, in the immediate of this word and the deferred of the next! Verily You are the Near, the Responder, the All- hearing, the All- knowing, the Pardoner, the Forgiving, the Clement, the Merciful! And give to us in this world good, and in the next world good, and protect us from the chastisement of the Fire! 10

دُعاءُ الإمامِ زَينِ العابِدينَ لِوُلدِهِ‏

402. الإمام زين العابدين عليه السلام مِن دعائِهِ لِوُلدِهِ‏ اللّهُمَّ ومُنَّ عَلَيَ بِبَقاءِ وُلدِي، وبِإصلاحِهِم لي، وبِإمتاعي بِهِم، إلهي امدُد لي في أعمارِهِم، وزِد لي في آجالِهِم، ورَبِّ لي صَغيرَهُم، وقَوِّ لي ضَعيفَهُم، وأصِحَّ لي أبدانَهُم وأديانَهُم وأخلاقَهُم، وعافِهِم في أنفُسِهِم وفي جَوارِحِهِم وفي كُلِّ ما عُنيتُ بِهِ مِن أمرِهِم، وأدرِر لي وعَلى يَدَيَّ أرزَاقَهُم، وَاجعَلهُم أبراراً أتقياءَ بُصَراءَ سامِعينَ مُطيعينَ لَكَ، ولِأَولِيائِكَ مُحِبِّينَ مُناصِحينَ، ولِجَميعِ أعدائِكَ مُعانِدينَ ومُبغِضينَ، آمينَ.

اللّهُمَّ اشدُد بِهِم عَضُدِي، وأقِم بِهِم أوَدي‏ ، وكَثِّر بِهِم عَدَدِي، وزَيِّن بِهِم مَحضَري، وأحيِ بِهِم ذِكري، وَاكفِنِي بِهِم في غَيبَتي، وأعِنّي بِهِم عَلى حاجَتي، وَاجعَلهُم لي‏ مُحِبِّينَ، وعَلَيَّ حَدِبينَ‏ مُقبِلينَ مُستَقيمينَ لِي، مُطيعينَ غَيرَ عاصينَ ولا عاقّينَ، ولا مُخالِفينَ ولا خاطِئينَ، وأعِنّي عَلى تَربِيَتِهِم وتَأديبِهِم وبِرِّهِم، وهَب لي مِن لَدُنكَ مَعَهُم أولادا ذُكورا، وَاجعَل ذلِكَ خَيرا لي، وَاجعَلهُم لي عَونا عَلى ما سَألتُكَ.

وأعِذني وذُرِّيَتي مِنَ الشَّيطانِ الرَّجيم، فَإِنَّكَ خَلَقتَنا وأمَرتَنا ونَهَيتَنا، ورَغَّبتَنا في ثَوابِ ما أمَرتَنا، ورَهَّبتَنا عِقابَهُ، وجَعَلتَ لَنا عَدُوّا يَكيدُنا، سَلَّطتَهُ مِنّا عَلى ما لَم تُسَلِّطنا عَلَيهِ مِنهُ، أسكَنتَهُ صُدورَنا، وأجرَيتَهُ مَجارِيَ دِمائِنا، لا يَغفُلُ إن غَفَلنا، ولا يَنسى إن نَسينا، يُؤمِنُنا عِقابَكَ ويُخَوِّفُنا بِغَيرِكَ، إن هَمَمنا بِفاحِشَةٍ شَجَّعَنا عَلَيها، وإن هَمَمنا بِعَمَلٍ صالِحٍ ثَبَّطَنا عَنهُ، يَتَعَرَّضُ لَنا بِالشَّهَواتِ، ويَنصِبُ لَنا بِالشُّبُهاتِ، إن وَعَدَنا كَذَبَنا، وإن مَنّانا أخلَفَنا، وإلّا تَصرِف عَنّا كَيدَهُ يُضِلَّنا، وإلّا تَقِنا خَبالَهُ يَستَزِلَّنا.

اللّهُمَّ فَاقهَر سُلطانَهُ عَنّا بِسُلطانِكَ، حَتّى تَحبِسَهُ عَنّا بِكَثرَةِ الدُّعاءِ لَكَ فَنُصبِحَ مِن كَيدِهِ فِي المَعصومينَ بِكَ.

اللّهُمَّ أعطِني كُلَّ سُؤلي، وَاقضِ لي حَوائِجي، ولا تَمنَعنِي الإِجابَةَ وقَد ضَمِنتَها لي، ولا تَحجُب دُعائي عَنكَ وقَد أمَرتَني بِهِ، وَامنُن عَلَيَ بِكُلِّ ما يُصلِحُني في دُنيايَ وآخِرَتي، ما ذَكَرتُ مِنهُ وما نَسيتُ، أو أظهَرتُ أو أخفَيتُ، أو أعلَنتُ أو أسرَرتُ، وَاجعَلني في جَميعِ ذلِكَ مِنَ المُصلِحينَ بِسُؤالي إيّاكَ، المُنجِحينَ بِالطَّلَبِ إلَيكَ، غَيرِ المَمنوعينَ بِالتَّوَكُّلِ عَلَيكَ، المُعَوَّدينَ بِالتّعوُّذِ بِكَ، الرّابِحينَ فِي التِّجارَةِ عَلَيكَ، المُجارينَ بِعِزِّكَ، المُوسَّعِ عَلَيهِم الرِّزقُ الحَلالُ مِن فَضلِكَ الواسِعِ بِجودِكَ وكَرَمِكَ، المُعَزِّينَ مِنَ الذُّلِّ بِكَ، وَالمُجارينَ مِنَ الظُّلمِ بِعَدلِكَ، وَالمُعافَينَ مِنَ البَلاءِ بِرَحمَتِكَ، وَالمُغنَينَ مِنَ الفَقرِ بِغِناكَ، وَالمَعصومينَ مِنَ الذُّنوبِ وَالزَّلَلِ وَالخَطاءِ بِتَقواكَ، وَالمُوَفَّقينَ لِلخَيرِ وَالرُّشدِ وَالصَّوابِ بِطاعَتِكَ، وَالمُحالِ بَينَهُم وبَينَ الذُّنوبِ بِقُدرَتِكَ، التّارِكينَ لِكُلِّ مَعصِيَتِكَ، السّاكِنينَ في جِوارِكَ.

اللّهُمَّ أعطِنا جَميعَ ذلِكَ بِتَوفيقِكَ ورَحمَتِكَ، وأعِذنا مِن عَذابِ السَّعيرِ، وأعطِ جَميعَ المُسلِمينَ وَالمُسلِماتِ وَالمُؤمِنينَ وَالمُؤمِناتِ مِثلَ الّذي سَألتُكَ لِنَفسي ولِوُلدي في عاجِلِ الدُّنيا وآجِلِ الآخِرَةِ، إنَّكَ قَريبٌ مُجيبٌ سَميعٌ عَليمٌ، عَفُوٌّ غَفورٌ رَؤوفٌ رَحِيمٌ، وآتِنا فِي الدُّنيا حَسَنَةً، وفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وقِنا عَذابَ النَّارِ.

A Father’s Prayer for His Child

There is a prayer narrated in Makarim al-Akhlaq by Shaikh al-Tabarsi entitled: ‘A Father’s prayer for his child’ that has been recommended to be recited by some of the great contemporary authorities in favour of improving the state of on’es children, and it is also encouraged for the mother to recite this prayer as well.

This prayer consists of four units (rak’ah). In the first unit, after reciting Surah al-Hamd, the following verse should be recited ten times:

“Our Lord make us submissive to You and show us our ways of worship, and turn to us (mercifully); for surely You are the Oft-Returning, the Most Merciful.” 11

In the second unit, after reciting Surah al-Hamd, the following verse should be recited ten times:

“My Lord! Make me a performer of the prayer, and of my offspring, (too): Our Lord! And accept my petition;” “Our Lord! Forgive me and my parents, and the believers on the Day when the reckoning shall come to pass.” 12

In the third unit, after reciting Surah al-Hamd, the following verse should be recited ten times:

“…Our Lord! Grant us from our wives and our offspring the joy of our eyes, and make us for the pious ones (their) Imams.” 13

In the fourth unit, after reciting Surah al-Hamd, the following verse should be recited ten times:

“My Lord! Grant me that I may give thanks for Your favour which You have bestowed on me and on my parents, and that I may do good which pleases You and do good to me in respect of my offspring; surely I turn to You, and surely I am of those who submit.” 14

After completely finishing this prayer, the following verse should again be recited ten times:“…Our Lord! Grant us from our wives and our offspring the joy of our eyes, and make us for the pious ones (their) Imams.”

Notes

1. Qur’an, 25:74.

2. Qur’an, 14:40.

3. Qur’an, 46:15.

4. al-Firdaws, vol. 2, p. 213, h. 3038, narrating from Ibn ‘Umar.

5. Tarikh Asbahan, vol. 1, p. 226, h. 344. al-Firdaws, vol. 2, p. 212, h. 3037. Both narrating from ‘Anas.

6. Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 104, p. 98, h. 70, narrating from ‘Uddah al-Da’i.

7. Sahih Muslim, vol. 4, p. 2304, h. 3009. Sunan Abu Dawud, vol. 2, p. 88, h. 1532. Both narrating from Jabir ibn’Abdullah.

8. Tarikh Asbahan, vol. 2, p. 296, h. 1784, narrating from ‘Abdullah ibn Dinar ibn ‘Umar.

9. ‘Uddah al-Da’i, p. 80. Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 104, p. 99, h. 77.

10. al-Sahifah Sajjadiyah, p. 105, Prayer 25.

11. Qur’an, 2:128.

12. Qur’an, 14:40-41.

13. Qur’an, 25:74.

14. Qur’an, 46:15.

Section 3: The Child’s Duties

Chapter one: The individual duties of a child

Chapter two: The child’s duties towards his parents

Chapter three: The child’s duties towards his teacher

Chapter four: The child’s duties towards elders and friends

Chapter 1: The Individual Duties of a Child

1.1: Observing Discipline in the Affairs

403. Imam ‘Ali (a.s.) said, in his will to Hasan and Husayn after being hit by Ibn Muljam –may Allah curse him-:“I advise you both and all my children and family and all whom my will reaches to be in awe of Allah and manage your affairs.” 1

النَّظمُ فِي الأُمورِ

403. الإمام عليّ عليه السلام- مِن وَصِيَّةٍ لَهُ لِلحَسَنِ وَالحُسَينِ عليهما السلام لَمّا ضَرَبَهُ ابنُ مُلجمٍ لَعَنهُ اللهُ- أُوصيكُما وجَميعَ وُلدي وأهلي ومَن بَلَغَهُ كِتابي بِتَقوَى اللهِ ونَظمِ أمرِكُم

1.2: Cleanliness

404. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“Indeed Allah is pure and He likes the pure ones and He is clean and He likes cleanliness.” 2

405. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“Cleanse yourself with anything you can, for Allah has based Islam on cleanliness.” 3

406. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“Indeed Islam is clean, so be clean, for only the clean will enter Heaven.” 4

407. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“It is incumbent on every Muslim to bathe himself every seven days, washing his head and his body.” 5

408. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“Indeed Allah dislikes a dirty and untidy person.” 6

409. Kanz al-Fawa’id: the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said:“Indeed Allah dislikes a man who is al-Qadhurah.”

He was asked:“O’ Messenger of Allah! What is al-Qadhurah?”

He answered:“Someone who annoys his companions [by his dirt and bad smell].” 7

410. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“He who keeps clothes should keep them clean.” 8

411. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“Wash your clothes…look after yourself and clean yourself.” 9

النَّظافَةُ

404. رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: إنَّ اللهَ طَيِّبٌ يُحِبُّ الطَّيِّبَ، نَظيفٌ يُحِبُّ النَّظافَةَ

405. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: تَنَظَّفوا بِكُلِّ مَا استَطَعتُم؛ فَإِنَّ اللهَ تَعالى بَنَى الإِسلامَ عَلَى النَّظافَةِ

406. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: إنَّ الإِسلامَ نَظيفٌ فَتَنَظَّفوا؛ فَإِنَّهُ لا يَدخُلُ الجَنَّةَ إلّا نَظيفٌ

407. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: حَقٌّ عَلى كُلِّ مُسلِمٍ أن يَغتَسِلَ في كُلِّ سَبعَةِ أيّامٍ يَوماً، يَغسِلُ فيهِ رَأسَهُ وجَسَدَهُ

408. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: إنَّ اللهَ يُبغِضُ الوَسِخَ وَالشَّعِثَ‏

409. كنز الفوائد عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: إنَّ اللهَ يُبغِضُ الرَّجُلَ القاذورَةَ. قيلَ: ومَا القاذورَةُ يا رَسولَ اللهِ؟ قالَ: الَّذي يَتأفَّفُ‏ بِهِ جَليسُهُ

410. رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: مَنِ اتَّخَذَ ثَوباً فَليُنَظِّفهُ

411. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: اغسِلُوا ثِيابَكُم وتَزَيَّنوا وتَنَظَّفوا

1.3: Washing hands before and after Food

412. Imam ‘Ali (a.s.) said:“Washing the hands before and after [eating] food increases the lifespan… and it brightens the eye.” 10

غَسلُ اليَدَينِ قَبلَ الطَّعامِ وبَعدَهُ‏

412. الإمام عليّ عليه السلام: غَسلُ اليَدَينِ قَبلَ الطَّعامِ وبَعدَهُ زِيادَةٌ فِي العُمُرِ ويَجلُو البَصَرَ

1.4: Brushing the Teeth

413. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“Brush your teeth, and make yourself clean.” 11

414. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“Brush your teeth, for brushing is a great act.” 12

415. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“It is of one’s nature to rinse water in the mouth and nose, and to brush your teeth.” 13

416. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“Clean your gums from food and brush your teeth, and do not come to me with yellow teeth and a bad mouth odour.” 14

السِّواكَ‏

413. رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: استاكوا وتَنَظَّفوا

414. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: عَلَيكُم بِالسِّواكِ، فَنِعمَ الشَّي‏ءُ السِّواكُ

415. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: مِنَ الفِطرَةِ المَضمَضَةُ وَالاستِنشاقُ وَالسِّواكُ

416. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: نَظِّفوا لَثَّاتِكُم مِنَ الطَّعامِ وَاستاكوا، ولا تَدخُلوا عَلَيَّ فُخراً بُخراً

1.5: Washing Hands before Sleeping

417. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“He who goes to bed with oily hands and is then afflicted with something, he should not blame anyone but himself.” 15

418. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“If any of you has a smelling oily hand and does not wash it before going to bed and is then afflicted with something, he should not blame anyone but himself.” 16

419. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“Beware that he who goes to bed while his hands smell of fat should not blame anyone but himself.” 17

غَسلُ اليَدَينِ قَبلَ النَّومِ‏

417. رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: مَن باتَ وفي يَدِهِ غَمَرٌ فَأَصابَهُ شَي‏ءٌ، فَلا يَلومَنَّ إلّا نَفسَهُ

418. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: إذا نامَ أحَدُكُم وفي يَدِهِ ريحُ غَمَرٍ فَلَم يَغسِل يَدَهُ فَأَصابَهُ شَي‏ءٌ، فَلا يَلومَنَّ إلّا نَفسَهُ

419. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: ألا لا يَلومَنَّ امرُؤٌ إلّا نَفسَهُ، يَبيتُ وفي يَدِهِ ريحُ غَمَرٍ

1.6: Cutting Nails

420. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“Shortening your nails hinders the great sickness, and brings about sustenance.” 18

421. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“Cut your nails, for Satan moves between the meat and the nail.” 19

422. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:“Cut your nails and burry them, and clean your fingers.” 20

قَصُّ الأَظافيرِ

420. رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: تَقليمُ الأَظفارِ يَمنَعُ الدّاءَ الأَعظَمَ، ويُدِرُّ الرِّزقَ

421. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: قُصّوا أظافيرَكُم؛ فَإِنَّ الشَّيطانَ يَجري ما بَينَ اللَّحمِ وَالظُّفرِ

422. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: قُصّوا أظافيرَكُم، وَادفُنوا قُلاماتِكُم، ونَقّوا بَراجِمَكُم‏

Notes

1. Nahj al-Balaghah, Letter 47. Rawdah al-Wa’izin, p. 152.

2. Sunan al-Tirmidhi, vol. 5, p. 112, h. 2799. Musnad Abu Ya’la, vol. 1, p. 368, h. 786. Both narrating from Sa’d ibn Abu Waqqas.

3. Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 9, p. 277, h. 26002, narrating from Abu al-Sa’alik al-Tarsuni from Abu Hurayrah.

4. Tarikh Baghdad, vol. 5, p. 143, h. 2576, narrating from ‘A’ishah.

5. Sahih al-Bukhari, vol. 1, p. 305, h. 856. Musnad Ibn Hanbal, vol. 3, p. 246, h. 8511, with ‘incumbent upon Allah’ instead of ‘incumbent’. Both narrating from Abu Hurayrah.

6. Shu’ab al-Iman, vol. 5, p. 168, h. 6226, narrating from ‘A’ishah. Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 6, p. 641, h. 17181.

7. Kanz al-Fawa’id, vol. 2, p. 185. Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 80, p. 106.

8. al-Kafi, vol. 6, p. 441, h. 3, narrating from al-Sakuni from Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.). Qurb al-Isnad, p. 70.

9. Tarikh Dimashq, vol. 36, p. 124, narrating from ‘Abdullah ibn Maymun al-Qaddah from Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) from his forefathers (a.s.). Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 6, p. 640, h. 17175.

10. al-Kafi, vol. 6, p. 290, h. 3, narrating from Abu Basir from Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.).

11. al-Musannif by Ibn Abu Shaybah, vol. 1, p. 197, h. 25, narrating from Sulayman ibn Sa’id. al-Mu’jam al-Awsat, vol. 7, p. 259, h. 7442, narrating from Sulayman ibn Ñard.

12. Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 9, p. 314, h. 26183. Jami’ al-Saghir, vol. 2, p. 169, h. 5531. Both narrating from ‘Abd al-Jabbar al-Khulani in Tarikh Dariyya from ‘Anas.

13. Sunan Ibn Majah, vol. 1, p. 107, h. 294. al-Sunan al-Kubra, vol. 1, p. 88, h. 242. Both narrating from ‘Ammar ibn Yasir.

14. Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 6, p. 655, h. 17239, narrating from al-Hakim from ‘Abdullah ibn Kathir.

15. Sunan al-Tirmidhi, vol. 4, p. 289, h. 1859. Musnad Ibn Hanbal, vol. 3, p. 251, h. 8539. Both narrating from Abu Hurayrah.

16. Sunan Ibn Majah, vol. 2, p. 1096, h. 3297, narrating from Abu Hurayrah.

17. Sunan Ibn Majah, vol. 2, p. 1096, h. 3296, narrating from Imam al-Husayn (a.s.) from his mother Fatimah (a.s.). Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 15, p. 242, h. 40759, narrating from it.

18. al-Kafi, vol. 6, p. 490, h. 1, narrating from al-Hasan ibn Rashid. Thawab al-A’mal, p. 42, h. 4, narrating from Abu Basir. Jami’ al-Akhbar, p. 334, h. 943. Both narrating from Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) from his forefathers (a.s.) from the Prophet (S.a.w.), with ‘increases sustenance’ instead of ‘and brings about sustenance’. al-Khisal, p. 611, h. 10, narrating from Abu Basir and Muhammad ibn Muslim from Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) from his forefathers (a.s.). Tuhaf al-’Uqul, p. 101. Both narrating from Imam ‘Ali (a.s.). Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 76, p. 119, h. 2.

19. Tarikh Dimashq, vol. 53, p. 247, h. 11237. al-Firdaws, vol. 2, p. 168, h. 2843. Both narrating from Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah al-Ansari.

20. Tafsir al-Qurtubi, vol. 2, p. 102, narrating from ‘Abdullah ibn Bishr al-Mazini. Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 6, p. 655, h. 17239.