A BUNDLE OF FLOWERS

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A BUNDLE OF FLOWERS Author:
Translator: Sayyid Abbas Sadr-'ameli
Publisher: www.introducingislam.org
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A BUNDLE OF FLOWERS

This book is corrected and edited by Al-Hassanain (p) Institue for Islamic Heritage and Thought

Author: Ayatullah Sayyid Kamal Faqih Imani
Translator: Sayyid Abbas Sadr-'ameli
Publisher: www.introducingislam.org
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A BUNDLE OF FLOWERS

A BUNDLE OF FLOWERS

Author:
Publisher: www.introducingislam.org
English

This book is corrected and edited by Al-Hassanain (p) Institue for Islamic Heritage and Thought

Alhassanain (p) Network for Islamic Heritage and Thought

A BOUNDLE OF FLOWERS

From the garden of of tradition of the prophet & Ahlul-bayt (a.s.)

Author: Ayatullah Sayyid Kamal Faghih Imani

Translator: Sayyid Abbas Sadr 'Ameli

Publisher: Amir-ul-Mu'mineen Ali (a.s) Library

Isfahan, Islamic Republic of Iran

First Edition: 1997-1376-1418

Second Edition: 1998-1377-1419

Fifteenth Edition: 2006-1385-1427

www.al-islam.org

www.introducingislam.org

www.alhassanain.org/english

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION 6

PREFACE 8

NOW, O' DEAR BROTHER AND SISTER! 12

BUT, O' DEAR FRIEND 13

A BENEVOLENT EXPECTATION 14

AT THE END 15

THE OPENING TRADITION 16

KNOWING ALLAH, HIS GREATNESS AND HIS GRACE 18

PRAYER AND ITS EFFECTS 21

MIDNIGHT PRAYERS 26

FAITH IN ALLAH AND ATTAINING HIS PLEASURE 28

PIETY AND ITS NECESSITY IN A MUSLIM 30

INVOCATION 33

AHLUL BAYT 37

THE LOVE OF AHLUL-BAYT 40

THE ACCEPTABLE CHARACTERISTICS 41

THE REAL FOLLOWERS OF AHLUL-BAYT AND THEIR QUALITIES 44

KNOWLEDGE AND ITS VALUE 49

KNOWLEDGE AND THE VIRTUE OF LEARNING IT 52

KNOWLEDGE AND THE VIRTUE OF TEACHING IT 54

THE EXCELLENCE AND IMPORTANCE OF SCHOLARS 56

BEING ATTENTIVE TO THE HEREAFTER 59

REPENTANCE 60

PROTECTING THE HONOUR OF BELIEVERS 62

RIGHTEOUS DEEDS 64

INJUSTICE AND TRANSGRESSION 66

EXPLANATION 67

THE RIGHTS OF FELLOW MUSLIMS 68

GREETINGS 70

ENJOINING RIGHT AND FORBIDDING WRONG 71

THE TONGUE AND ITS EVILS 75

BACKBITING AND FAULTFINDING 76

TELLING LIES 78

COMPANIONS & FRIENDSHIP 80

IMMORAL FRIENDS 82

GIVING LOAN 85

HELPING THE NEEDY 86

DONATION & PLEASING THE BELIEVERS 88

CHARITY AND ALMS 90

REGARD FOR KINSHIP 92

KINDNESS TO PARENTS 93

THE RIGHTS OF CHILDREN 95

SUCKLING 98

MARRIAGE, A GREAT WORSHIP 100

ENCOURAGEMENT FOR MARRIAGE 102

MARRIAGE IS THE KEY TO DIVINE MERCY AND A GOOD TEMPER 103

HASTEN TO MARRY 105

INTERCESSION AND HELP IN LAWFUL MARRIAGE 106

INTERCESSION AND HELP IN LAWFUL MARRIAGE 108

WIFE AND HER DOWER 110

DOWER: THE LESS THE BETTER 111

MARRIAGE WITH REGARD TO FAITH AND HONESTY 112

MAN'S INTENTION IN MARRIAGE 114

EARNING A LIVELIHOOD 116

WIVES AND GOOD TREATMENT TO THEIR HUSBANDS 117

HONOUR YOUR WIVES 120

WIFE AND PLEASING HER HUSBAND 122

ADMIRABLE QUALITIES OF WIVES 124

DIVORCE AND ITS EFFECTS 127

LOWERING THE GAZE AND GUARDING THE MODESTY 129

WOMEN AND ORNAMENTATION 131

FORNICATION AND ITS HARMFUL EFFECTS 133

HYGIENE IN ISLAM 135

BUSINESS AND SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS 137

FRAUD IN BARGAIN 139

LUSTS 141

WORLDLY POSSESSIONS AND GREEDILY COMPILING WEALTH 143

THIS FLEETING WORLD, ITS ATTRACTIVENESS AND POISON 144

THE NEGLECTFUL SLAVES OF THIS DECEITFUL WORLD 146

GREED AND FUTILE HOPES 147

ARROGANCE AND PRIDE 148

MODERATION IN ECONOMIC AFFAIRS 149

CONSULTATION 150

ACTIVITY AND IDLENESS 151

MARTYRS AND MARTYRDOM 152

THE EXPECTED MAHDI [A.S.] AND HIS GOVERNMENT OF JUSTICE 153

THE MUSLIM UMMAH AT THE END OF THE TIME 158

LIFETIME SHOULD BE WELL SPENT 160

RELIGION AND STUDYING ITS AFFAIRS 162

GOOD TEMPER AND ITS GOOD RESULTS 164

THE DISADVANTAGES OF ANGER AND AN ILL TEMPER 166

ASKING FOR DIVINE PARDON 168

CONGREGATION PRAYER 169

SUPPLICATION 172

REFERENCES 173

Material and Tradition Sources 173

FRIENDSHIP WITH AHL-UL-BAYT (A.S.) OR WITH THEIR ENEMIES? 176

A GIFT FROM FATIMAH, THE PROPHET'S DAUGHTER (P.B.U.H.) 178

THE RECOMONDATION OF FATIMAH, THE PROPHET'S DAUGHTER (P.B.U.H.) TO PEOPLE 179

THE FIRST AND THE LAST ONE OF THE ELEVEN VICEGERENT 184

END NOTE 185

In the Name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

بِسمِ الله الرحمنِ الرحيم

INTRODUCTION

By the grace and assistance of Allah, the translation and publication of the commentary of more than two parts of the Qur'an in English under the title of 'An Enlightening Commentary, into the Light of the Holy Qur'an' have been successfully fulfilled in three volumes. These humble volumes were ardently met and well received by many sincere believers in most parts of the world.

When the readers reflected their enthusiastic affections and we were aware of their kind, cooperative and leading points of view about the task as a helpful Islamic ideological reference for them, and they appreciated especially the involving traditions from the Holy Prophet [p.b.u.h.] and his AhIul-Bayt [a.s.], we understood that not only the exegesis of the verses of the Qur'an were useful for them, but the concerning Islamic traditions were also warmly embraced and utilized widely.

Besides that, via their communications, we felt their desire and the urgent need of the Age for such leading statements, too. Therefore, it was decided that the present valuable collection of holy traditions which were carefully selected by Ayatullah 'Allamah Mujahid Al-Haj Sayyid Kamal Faghih Imani, to be translated into English and offered to the believing Muslims.

On the other hand, regarding the Prophet's famous tradition known as 'Thaqalayn' (two weighty causes), and putting it into action, next to the publication of the above-mentioned commentary of the Qur'an, and to provide traces in the English language from both the Holy Qur'an and AhIul-Bayt [a.s.] together before our eyes, it was thought that the translation of at least a small collection of traditions from Holy AhIul-Bayt [a.s.] would be supplied, so that these 'Two Weighty Causes' may work parallel and not to be separated from each other. Therefore, this favourable task was adventured in order that a short distance might be paved towards the path of the obedience of the godly advice of the Messenger of Allah [p.b.u.h.] in the above mentioned magnificent tradition.

So, for the present time, the very humble endeavour was prepared and entitled: 'A BundIe of flowers from the Garden of Traditions of the Holy Prophet & Ahlul Bayt [a.s.]' to indicate, firstly, the origin of the materials and, secondly, that the collection is merely a small portion of their vast ocean of varying knowledge which is linked to the illimitable knowledge of Allah, because the Holy Ahlul-Bayt [a.s.] are the same ones whom Allah has called“ar-rasikhuna fil 'ilm” (those deeply established in knowledge), where He (s.w.t.) says:

“... But no one knows its hidden meaning except Allah, and those who are firmly grounded in knowledge...” (Sura Al-I-Imran, No.3, verse 7).

However, it is certain that if this group of expressive traditions and the like of them be practically observed by receptive people, the resulting merits of those divinely-linked statements will be abundantly beneficial in every step of their lives: socially, economically, morally, ethically, and so on, Allah-Willing. So, we ask Allah (s.w.t.) to shower His ceaseless infinite mercy upon all those who study this book and try to act according to its involving reasonable ideas.

It is necessary to say, here, that some of the Arabic words involved in the traditions , such as: I na-mahram /,have rarely any equivalents in English to convey their exact meaning.

Hereby, we sincerely appreciate not only the estimable people who helped us with the completion of this book, but also the valuable helpful instructive views we will receive from you, dear reader, which can surely be encouraging and animating for us. Therefore, we thank you in anticipation and ask you to communicate with us by the publisher's address:

The Scientific, Religious Research Center, Amir-ul-Mu'mineen Ali (as.) Public Library, Isfahan, Iran.

We praise Allah and hope that may He forgive all our faults and shortcomings, and, accept this small endeavour from us with giving rewards to all those who have had a share, of any kind, in it, both in this world and the next world.

Was-Salam:

Sayyid Abbas Sadr-'ameli

Translator

August 1997

PREFACE

بِسْمِ الله الرحمنِ الرَّحيم

قالَ اللّهعزّوجل تَعالى :

... فَاسْأَلُواْ أَهْلَ الذِّكْرِ إِن كُنتُمْ لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ

سورة النحل 16 آية 43 و سورة الانبياء… 21 آية 7

“If you do not know, ask the men of wisdom (among Ummah).” Sura Nahl, no 16, verse 43, Sura Anbiya, No. 21, verse 7

This holy verse enjoins the believers to refer to the people of dhikr i.e., the men of wisdom and the scholars of Ummah in order to recognize the right from wrong, when they (the believers) encounter with difficulties, because Allah after teaching them knowledge, chose them for that matter. Hence, they are those deeply rooted in knowledge who know how to render the Qur'an.

This verse was revealed in order to introduce Ahlul-Bayt [a.s.], viz, Muhammad [p.b.u.h.], Ali, Fatimah, Hassan and Husayn, who are called the five holy lights known as 'Al-i-'Aba' to whom, there have been added nine other blessed ones from the descendants of Imam Husayn. The Messenger of Allah, in different suitable occasions, introduced them as the guiding Imams, the torches in darknesses, and those deeply rooted in knowledge, upon whom surely Allah (s.w.t.), has bestowed 'the Knowledge of the Book'.

These facts, narrated in repeatedly stated traditions, have been precisely approved by the followers of Prophet Muhammad [p.b.u.h.]from the time of revelation up to now, and some of the scholars and commentators from Sunni school have also confessed in their books that those verses of the Qur'an were revealed about and on the virtue of Ahlul-Bayt [a.s.]. A few of the examples of their books are as follows:

1- Imam Tha'labi in his great commentary book upon the meaning of verse 42 from Sura An-Nahl, No. 16.

2- Tafsir Ibn Kathir, vol.2, p. 591.

3- Tals Tabari, vol.14, p.75.

4- Tafsir-i-Alusi, known as: 'Ruhul-Bayan', vol.14, p.134.

5- Tafsir-i-Qartabi, vol.11, p.272.

6- Tafsir-i-Hakim, or Shawahid-ut-Tanzil, vol.1, p. 334.

7- Tafsir-i-Shabistary, or: Ihqaaq-ul-Haqq, vol.3, p.482.

8- Yanani-ul-Mawaddah, by Qanduzi Hanafi, p. 119.

Basing on the very reality, we must approach the Immaculate Household, Ahlul-Bayt, and practice their guiding words to instruct our lives well. In this regard, Imam al-Hadi [a.s.] says:

كَلامُكُم نُورٌ وَ اَمرُكُم رُشدٌ وَ وَصيَّتُكُم التَّقوى

من لا يحضره الفقيه و التهذيب و عيون اخبار الرضا

“Your words of wisdom give light, your administration is guidance (for people), and your recommendation is piety and equity.”

Man La Yahduruh-ul-Faqih, Tahthib & 'Uyun-i-Akhbar-ur-Rida

BEWARE O' DEAR READER!

It is via these blessed ones that the material and spiritual problems of our lives, in this world and the world to come, can be solved.

بِكُم اَخرَجَنَا اللّه مِنَ الذلِّ وَ فَرَّجَ عَنّا غَمَراتِ الكُرُوبِ وَاَنقَذَنا مِن شَفاجُرُفِ الهَلَكاتِ وَ مِنَ النّارِ

It is on account of you that Allah pulls us out of the the lowliness (of infidelity), sets us free from the clutches of hard grieves, and takes us to safety from the precipices of annihilation of the world, and from the Fire of Hell, too.

Man La Yahduruh-uI-Faqih, Tahthib & 'Uyun-i-Akhbar-ur-Rida

بِمُوالاتِكُم عَلَّمَنَا اللّهُ مَعالِمَ دينِنا وَ اَصلَحَ ما كانَ فَسَدَ مِن دُنيانا

It was because of your mastership and leadership that Allah taught us the laws of our religion, put in order what had been spoiled and corrupted in our world. (And He saved us from poverty, degradation and ignorance, then, bestowed us knowledge, honour and dignity.)

Man La Yahduruh-uI-Faqih, Tahthib & 'Uyun-i-Akhbar-ur-Rida

Well, if we leave following those blessed ones, we will fail in all aspects. So, the Prophet [p.b.u.h.]has said:

قالَ رَسُولُ الله صلی الله عليه و آله و سلم :

مَثَلُ اَهلِ بَيتي كَمَثَلِ سَفينَةِ نُوحٍ مَن رَكِبَها فَقَد نَجى وَ مَن تَخَلَّفَ عَنها فَقَد هَلَكَ

The parable of my Ahlul-Bayt is similar to that of Noah's Ark. Whosoever embarks it certainly will get rescued, but the one who opposes the boarding of it, surely gets drowned.”

روى هذا الحديث ثمانية من الصحابة و ثمانية من التابعين و ستين من الحفاظ والعلماء… و اكثر من 90 نفر من مؤلفى اهل السنة راجع مشكاة المصابيح ص 523 عن احمد بن حنبل و فرائدالسِّمطَين ج2 ص242 والصواعق المحرقه ص234 و عيون الاخبار ج1 ص211 و غيرها من مصادرالفريقين وان شئت راجع نفحات الازهار ج4 ص127

This tradition has been narrated by eight companions of the Prophet [p.b.u.h.] and eight persons from the disciples of the companions, and by sixty well-known scholars, and more than 90 authors from the brothers os Sunni school, mentioned in Mishkat-ul-Masabih, p.523, from Ahmad-ibn-Hanbal; Fara'id-us-Simtayn, vol.2, p. 242; As-Sawaiq-ul-Muharraqah, p.234; Uyun-ul-Akhbar, Vol.1, p.211; and others from the references of both schools, which if you wish to refer to, are, mentioned in Nafahat-ul-Azhar, vol.4, p.127.

قالَ رَسُولُ الله صلی الله عليه و آله و سلم :

يُوشَكُ اَن اُدعى فَاُجيبُ, اِنّي تارِك فِيكُم الثقَلَينِ كِتابَ الله وَ عِترَتي , كِتابُ الله حَبلٌ مَمـدُودٌ مِنَ السَّماءِ اِلَى الاَرضِ وَ عِترَتي أهلُ بَيتي وَ اِنّ اللّطيفَ الخَبيرَ اَخبَرَني أ نّهُما لَن يَفتَرِقا حَتّى يَـرِدا عَلَيَّ الحَـوضَ فَانظُـرُوا بِماذا تَخلُفُونّي وَ في حَديثٍ آخَر: لَن تَضِلّوا ما اِن تَمَسّكتُم بِهِما

The Messenger of Allah said:“It is probable that I be called soon and I will respond. Then, I leave behind me among you two weighty (very worthy and important) things:

The Book of Allah (i.e. the Qur'an), which is a stretched string from the heaven to the earth, and my progeny, my Ahlul-Bait; for verily Allah, The Merciful, the Aware, informed me that never, never, will these two get separated from each other until they meet me at the Houd of Kauthar (the Pond of Abundance). Therefore, be careful how you will treat due to those two in my absence.”

And, in another tradition it is added:“Never, never, shall you get astray if you attach yourselves to these TWO.”

نَقَلَ هذَا الحَديثِ اَكثَرُ مِن عِشرين صَحابيّاً وَ ما يُقارِبُ مِن 185 راوياً مِن رُواة الحَديثِ راجِع كِتاب صحيح مسلم ج 2 ص 238 و مُسند احمد بن حنبَل ج5 ص182-181 و صحيح الترمذى ج2 ص220 وغيرها مِن مصادر الفريقين و اِن شِئتَ راجع نفحات الازهار فى خلاصة عَبَقات الاَنوار ج1 ص210-199

This tradition is narrated by more than twenty persons from the companions of the Prophet [p.b.u.h.] and it is also narrated by over 185 narrators mentioned in Sahih Muslim, vol. 2, p. 238 & Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, vol.5, p. 181-182; Sahih-i-Tarmathi, vol.2, p.220, and others from the references of both schools which, if you like to see, are mentioned on pp. 199 to 210, vol. 1, in Nafahat-ul-Azhar fi Khulasat-i-Abaqat-ul-Anwar.

Thus, what honour is more excellent than that the Qur'an, the Messenger of Allah [p.b.u.h.], and Ahlul-Bayt [a.s.]be our example, teacher, and leader.

That is why we, with a great mass of sincerity and devotion, say:

We are honoured that we are the followers of a religion whose founder on Allah's direction was Allah's prophet and Amir-ul-Mu'mineen 'Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the servant of Allah who was himself liberated from all chains and was designated, in turn, as the liberator of Mankind from all chains of slavery (to other than Allah).

We are honoured that Nahjul Balagha, which after the Qur'an is the greatest prescription for spiritual and material life, is the highest book for the liberation of mankind, and its spiritual and political prescriptions are the most valuable for liberation is authored by our Ma'sum Imam (Ali ibn Abi Talib [a.s.]).

We are honoured that Ma'sum Imam from 'Ali Ibn Abi Talib to the liberator of Mankind [a.s.] who with the power of Allah is alive and supervises all affairs, are our Imams.

We are honoured that the supplications, which are called the ascending Qur'an, are from our Ma'sum Imams. We are honoured that the intimate prayers of Sha'baniyyah, the supplications of 'Arafah of Husayn Ibn 'Ali, Sahifah Sajjaddiyah (the psalms of 'Al-i-Muhammad, and Sahifah Fatimah (which is an Allah-inspired Book to Zahra-'i-Mardiyyah).

We are honoured that Baqir-ul-'Ulum, who is the highest personality of history and no one, other than Allah Ta'ala, the Exalted, and the Prophet [S.A.W.A.W.S.]and the Ma'sum Imams, has been or will ever be able to understand his station, is from us.

And, we are honoured that our Madhhab is Ja'fari and that our Figh (Islamic Jurisprudence) which is an infinite sea (of knowledge), is one of his (Imam Sadiq's [a.s.]) contributions. And we are proud of all Ma'sum Imams [a.s.], and we are committed to following them.

We are honoured that our Ma'sum Imams [a.s.] lived in prisons and in exile because they tried to raise the status of the Deen (religion) of Islam and implement (the teaching) of the Holy Qur'an, one of whose dimensions is the formation of the Just Government, and finally became martyrs in attempts to irradicate oppressive governments and Taghut of their own time.

A part of the sayings of Hazrat Imam (May God be pleased) in Sahofah Inqilab.

NOW, O' DEAR BROTHER AND SISTER!

You are eye-witnesses, in this little globe, smaller than a village in the universe, that today, the period of the burst of imformation, the bewildered human race of our Age is burning in the thirst of the blazing desert of injustice and inequality, while man is ceaselessly sinking deeper and deeper into the swamp of impiety and inequity.

Those who boast of man's freedom and happiness are anxiously watching the descent of the moral values, the very circumstance that they themselves have created. They can afford nothing but looking at the destruction of human and humanity. But, is it really the end of the line?

The answer is surprisingly positive, unless man returns to his godly-human-nature, applying the miserable experiments of his past life as a torch for his future way and utilizing Islam as the best remedy.

In the present Age, Islam the glorious, as the best guiding prescription, better than ever in history, has stretched its kind hand to rescue him who is drowned in and overwhelmed with vices and, by the Grace of Allah has stood to cure him from the sickness of corruption.

Islam is available to quench the thirst of that wandering man in the hot desert of impiety by means of the wholesome water of its theology enlightened with the glow of the knowledge and excellences of Ahlul-Bayt, which is the reflection of bright galaxy of revelation that has ever had no err or mistake at all. It showers its light over all material and spiritual aspects of man's life totally. Thus, it has vividly opened a highway unto this deluded man that haply he goes toward reality.

BUT, O' DEAR FRIEND

The first and the most essential way of recognizing a school of idea is studying its main texts with proper understanding of the words of its sages and leaders. It is by this means that the doctrine of that school about the world and its problems upon different practical phenomena can be realized and estimated.

It has been on this foundation and under this stimulus that we have taken action in publishing a continuous commentary of the Qur'an in English under the name of 'An Enlightening Commentary into the Light of the Holy Qur'an', which was faced with such a warm reception of the seekers of truth in many countries of the world that during less than three years its first two volumes were reprinted five times.

Now, at the threshold of the sixth print of those sacred commentary books, the present book as 'A bundle of

Flowers' enriched from the statements of the leaders of the instructive school of Islam, that is the very Ahlul-Bayt, is offered to all of those who seek for the Noblest and latest Divine school. We expect that with utilizing the perfum of these everlasting fresh flowers best, contemplate the following expression from the eighth Imam [a.s.]:

قالَ الاِمامُ الرِّضا عليه السلام :

رَحِمَ اللّه عَبداً اَحيا اَمرَنَا فَقُلتُ لَهُ: وَ كَيفَ يُحيِي أمرَكُـم قالَ: يَتَعَلَّـمُ عُلُومَنَا وَ يُعَلِّمُهَا النّاسَ فَانِّهَم لَو عَلِمُوا مَحَاسِنَ كَلاَمِنَا لاَتّبَعُونَا

بحارالانوار/2/30 - معانى الاخبار ص180 - وسائل الشيعه 27/92

Imam Rida [a.s.] said:“May the Mercy of Allah be upon the servant who keeps alive our commandment” . I asked him [a.s.] how the one could keep your commandment alive. He [a.s.] said:“He (can) learn our sciences and teach them to people. In fact, if people knew (the merits) and goodness of our speech, surely they would follow us.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol.2, p.40; Ma'aniy-uI-Akhbar, by Saduq, p.180; and Wasa'il ush-Shi'ah, vol.27, p.92

A BENEVOLENT EXPECTATION

We hope that by reading and hearkening the noble words of those holy ones, the statement be completed to the people of the world, may be, through following the Holy Ahlul-Bayt, the youth; viz, the new generation, stand away from any religious, mental, moral, theological, social, economical, political, and educational deviation, so that each of them can grow to be an effective gentleman and also, as a devoted soldier, to be helpful for Islam and Muslims throughout the world.

AT THE END

We send our sincere and pure regards with kind greetings to those holy, excellent, purified and immaculate souls, while we say:

السّلامُ عَلى مَحالِّ مَعرِفَة الله وَ مَساكِنِ بَرَكَة اللّهِ وَ مَعادِنِ حِكمَةِ اللّهِ وَ حَفَظَة سِرِّ اللّهِ وَ حَمَلَة كِتابِ اللّهِ وَ اَوصِياءِ نَبِيِّ اللّهِ وَ ذُرّيّة رَسُولِ الله صَلّى اللّهُ عليه وَ آلِهِ وَ رَحمَة اللّهِ وَ بَرَكاتُهُ

من لا يحضره الفقيه و التهذيب و عيون اخبار الرضا

Peace be on you that your hearts aquaint with awareness of Allah, the place where there are blessings of Allah and the source of the wisdom of Allah. The secrets of Allah have been put in your safekeeping. You know the knowledge of the Book of Allah by heart. You are the successors of the Prophet of Allah [p.b.u.h.] and the children of the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him and his progeny and the mercy and blessings of Allah as well.

Man La YahduruhuI Faqih, Tahthib & 'Uyun-i-Akhbar-ur-Rida

وَالسّلامُ عَلى مَنِ اتّبَعَ الهُدى

سيّد كمال فقيه ايمانى (ايران – اصفهان (

And Peace to all who follow guidance.

Sayyid Kamal Faghih Imani

Esfahan-Iran

THE OPENING TRADITION

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

1- قالَ الإمامُ السَّجّادُ عليه السلام :

أَلْحَمْدُ للّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ حَقُّهُ كَما يَسْتَحِقُّهُ حَمْداً كَثِيراً. وَأَعُوذُ بِهِ مِنْ شَرِّ نَفْسِي، إنَّ النَّفْسَ لاَمَّارَةٌ بِالسُّوءِ إلاَّ ما رَحِمَ رَبِّي

وَأَعُوذُ بِهِ مِنْ شَرِّ الشَّيْطَانِ الَّذِي يَزِيدُنِي ذَنْباً إلَى ذَنْبِي، وَأَحْتَرِزُ بِهِ مِنْ كُلِّ جَبَّار فاجِر، وَسُلْطان جآئر، وَعَدُوٍّ قاهِر

أَللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي مِنْ جُنْدِكَ فَإنَّ جُنْدَكَ هُمُ الْغالِبُونَ، وَاجْعَلْنِي مِنْ حِزْبِكَ; فَإنَّ حِزْبَكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ، وَاجْعَلْنِي مِنْ أَوْلِيآئِكَ; فَإنَّ أَوْلِيَاءَكَ لا خَوْفٌ عليهمْ وَلا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ

أَللَّهُمَّ أَصْلِحْ لِي دِيْنِي فَإنَّهُ عِصْمَةُ أَمْرِي، وَأَصْلِحْ لِي آخِرَتِي فَإنَّهَا دارُ مَقَرِّي، وَإلَيْها مِنْ مُجاوَرَةِ اللِّئامِ مَفَرِّي، وَاجْعَلِ الْحَياةَ زِيادَةً لِي فِي كُلِّ خَيْر، وَالْوَفاةَ رَاحَةً لِي مِنْ كُلِّ شَرٍّ

أَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّد خاتَمِ النَّبِيِّينَ وَتَمَامِ عِدَّةِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ وَعَلَى آلِهِ الطَّيِّبِينَ الطَّاهِرِينَ، وَأَصْحَابِهِ الْمُنْتَجَبِينَ وَهَبْ لِي فِي الثُلُثآءِ ثَلاثاً: لا تَدَعْ لِي ذَنْباً إلاَّ غَفَرْتَهُ، وَلا غَمّاً إلاَّ أَذْهَبْتَهُ، وَلا عَدُوّاً إلاَّ دَفَعْتَهُ. بِبِسْمِ اللهِ خَيْرِ الاَسْمآءِ، بِسْمِ اللهِ رَبِّ الاَرْضِ وَالسَّمآءِ

بحارالانوار/90/187 و ملحقات الصحيفة السجاديه/572

THE OPENING TRADITION

Imam Sajjad, the fourth Imam, [a.s.] said:“All Praise is only Allah's, and praise is His right: an illimitable praise that suits Him. I seek refuge in Him from my own self of evils: verily, the (human) self is certainly prone to do evil except such as my Lord has had mercy on. I see refuge in Him from the evil of Satan who always increases a sin to my sins. I seek refuge in Him from any immoral opposer, cruel king, and forceful enemy.”

“O' Lord! assign me as one of Your soldiers, because it is sure that Your troops are totally victorious; and assign me among Your party, for truly, it is Your party that will achieve Felicity; and accept me as one of Your lovers, for, certainly, on the lovers of Allah there is no fear, nor shall they grieve.”

“O' Lord! improve my religion for me, for surely it is a divine protection on all my affairs; and improve my next world for me, because, no doubt, it is my permanent abode for me to escape from the scornful people, and assign my life for me in increasing any goodness, and my death a means of my freeing from any malady.”

“O' Lord! bless Muhammad, the final prophet of all the members of Messengers, and his pure progeny, as well as his gentle companions,and bestow me three necessities today: do not hold any sin for me except that You forgive it nor a grieve but You remove it, nor any enemy but You send him away via the appellation of Allah which is the best names, i.e. By the Name of Allah, the Lord of the earth and heaven...”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 90, p. 187 & Sahifah Sajjadiyyah, p. 572

KNOWING ALLAH, HIS GREATNESS AND HIS GRACE

2- قالَ رَسُولُ الله صلی الله عليه و آله و سلم :

اَيّهَا النّاسُ اِنّهُ لا نَبِيَّ بَعدي وَ لا اُمّةَ بَعدَكُم ألا فَاعبُـدُوا رَبّكُـم وَصَلّوا خَمسَكُم وَصُومُوا شَهرَكُم وَ حِجُّـوا بَيتَ رَبِّكُم وَ اَدّوا زَكوةَ اَموالِكُم طيّبَةً بِها اَنفُسُكُم وَ اَطيعُوا وُلاةَ اَمرِكُم تَدخُلُـوا جَنّةَ رَبِّكُم

الخصال/322

The Holy Prophet [p.b.u.h.] said:“O' people! Verily, there is no prophet after me, nor any Ummah after you (Muslims). So, take care to worship your Lord, perform your five ritual prayers, fast in the appointed month (Ramadan), make pilgrimage to the House of your Lord (Mecca), give the alms of your wealth in order to purify your souls thereby, and obey the Holders of Authority, so that you enter the Paradise of your Lord.”

Khisal-al-Saduq, p. 152

3- قالَ الاِمامُ اَميرُالمُومنينَ عَلِيّ عليه السلام :

عِظَمُ الخالِقِ عِندكَ يُصَغِّرُ المَخلُوقَ في عَينك

نهج البلاغه الكلمات القصار 129

Imam Amir-ul-Mu'mineen Ali [a.s.] said:“Having the Greatness of the Creator in your mind would make you

realize the insignificance of the creatures in your view.”

Nahjul-Balagha, Statement 129

4- قالَ الاِمامُ اَميرُالمُومنينَ عَلِيّ عليه السلام :

طُوبى لِمَن اَخلَصَ لِلّهِ عَمَلَهُ وَ عِلْمَهُ وَ حُبّهُ وَ بُغْضَـهُ وَ اَخْذَهُ وَ تَرْكَهُ وَ كَلامَهُ وَ صَمْتَهُ وَ فِعْلَهُ وَ قَوْلَهُ

بحارالانوار/77/289

Imam Amir-ul-Mu'mineen Ali [a.s.] said:“ Blessed is he who sincerely devotes the entirety of his actions, knowledge, love, hatred, receiving, relinquishing, speech, silence, deeds, and statements absolutely to Allah.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 77, p. 289

5- قالَ الاِمامُ الصّـادِقُ عليه السلام :

اَلقَلبُ حَرَمُ الله فَلا تُسكِنْ حَرَمَ اللهِ غَيرَ اللهِ

بحارالانوار/70/25

Imam Sadiq [a.s.] said: “The heart is the sanctuary of Allah, therefore, do not settle therein anything but Allah (The sacred place of the heart belongs to and Him alone. Therefore, keep the love of the world out of it.)

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 70, p. 25

6- قالَ الاِمامُ الصّـادِقُ عليه السلام :

شيعَتُنَا الّذينَ اِذا خَلَوا ذَكَرُوا اللّهَ كَثيرًا

بحارالانوار/93/162

Imam Sadiq [a.s.] said:“Our true followers are those who, when they are alone, remember Allah abundantly.” (That is, they avoid committing vices in private where there is no barrier for them to commit sin by the mere remembrance of Allah.)

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 93, p. 162

7- قالَ الاِمامُ البـاقِرُ عليه السلام :

لا وَاللهِ ما اَرادَ اللّهُ تَعالى مِنَ النّاسِ إلّا خَصلَتَينِ: اَن يُقِرّوا لَهُ بِالنِّعَمِ فَيَزيدَهُم وَ بِالذُّنُوبِ فَيَغفِرَها لَهُم

الكافي/2/426

Imam Baqir [a.s.] said:“By Allah, He, the Exalted, expects of people but two traits: that they confess for Him the blessings in order that He increases His bounties for them; and that they make confessions about their evil actions and then He forgives those sins for them.”

Al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 426

8- قالَ الاِمامُ الحُسَينُ عليه السلام :

اِنّ اللّه جَـلّ ذِكـرُهُ ما خَلَـقَ العِبـادَ إلّا لِيَعرِفُـوهُ فَـاِذا عَرَفُوهُ عَبدُوهُ، فاِذا عَبَدُوهُ اِستَغنَوْا بِعِبادَتِهِ عَن عِبَادَة ما سِواهُ

سفينةالبحار/2/180

Imam Husayn ibn Ali [a.s.] said:“Verily, Allah, the Exalted, has not created human beings except for recognizing Him and worshipping Him as (the consequence of) knowing Him; and when they worship Him they would lack the need of adoring any human being (or things) other than Him because of that worship.”

Safinat-ul-Bihar, vol. 2, p. 180

9- قالَ الامامُ عَلِيّ بنُ الحُسَينِ عليه السلام :

لا يُهلَكُ مُؤمِنٌ بَينَ ثَلاثِ خِصـالٍ: شَهـادَةِ اَن لا اِلهَ إلّاَ اللهُ وَحدَهُ لا شَريك لَهُ, وَ شَفاعَةِ رَسُولِ الله, وَ سِعَةِ رَحمَةِ الله

سفينةالبحار/517

The fourth Imam, Ali ibn Husayn [a.s.] said: “There is no destruction (Hell) for a believer having three qualities:

Confessing that there is no god besides Allah, the One Who has no partner; the intercession of the Messenger of Allah and the vastness of the Grace of Allah.

Safinat-ul-Bihar, p. 517