Alhassanain(p) Network for Heritage and Islamic Thought

Imam al-Reza

Ali Ibn Musa al-Rida (Peace be Upon him)

Ali Ibn Musa al-Rida (Peace be Upon him)

Imam Ali ar-Rida was brought up under the holy guidance of his father for thirty-five years. His own insight and brilliance in religious matters combined with the excellent training and education given by his father made him unique in his spiritual leadership.

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Imam Reza (A.S.) Judged People Based on Their Piety and Good Deeds

Imam Reza (A.S.) Judged People Based on Their Piety and Good Deeds According to the Islamic thought, value is based on deeds, and this is the person who builds up his/her own character. Every person is judged, gains superiority, and reaches salvation based on his/her deeds and acts. No one can rely on his/her family ties, social level, ethnic...

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The Characteristics of Imam Reza (A.S.)

The Characteristics of Imam Reza (A.S.) Many historians said that Imam al-Rida, peace be on him, was brown or deep brown. [1] It was said that he was white had a medium height, [2] and that he was like his grandfather Allah’s Apostle, may Allah bless him and his family. [3]

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Imam Reza (A.S.) Discourses

Imam Reza (A.S.) Discourses Al-Ma'mu`n asked Ima`m al-Reza`, peace be on him, some questions. More likely, he wanted to test him. The Ima`m answered these questions which are as follows: Q1: "Son of Allah's Apostle, do you not say that the prophets are infallible?" "Yes," replied the Imam.

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Intellectual Aspects of the Imam Reza 's Life

Intellectual Aspects of the Imam Reza 's Life Islam is the religion which preaches tawhid, the Unity of God. Tawhid, then, is the starting point from which a Muslim sets out to build his creed deep inside his inner self; otherwise, he cannot be called a Muslim, nor can the light of faith shine in his soul. The sound definition of tawhid is what has been endorsed by the Ahl al-Bayt (A.S.) through their teachings and statements;

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The Birth of Imam Redha (A.S)

The Birth of Imam Redha (A.S) When Imam Reza, peace be on him, was born, the earth shined; waves of delight and happiness spread through the Household of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and his Household.

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The Confession of Superiority of Imam Reza (A.S)

The Confession of Superiority of Imam Reza (A.S) We read in history books that Ma’mun, the Abbasid caliph, offered caliphate to Imam Reza (PBUH), but he did not accept it. Then, Ma’mun offered the Imam (PBUH) to become his successor, but Imam Reza (PBUH) again refused; so Ma’mun threatened to kill the Imam (PBUH), and since Imam Reza (PBUH) found this threat to be serious, he was forced to accept Ma’mun’s succession.

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The Textual Document of Regency

The Textual Document of Regency The regency between the Ima`m Reza, peace be on him, and al-Ma'mu`n was not confined to speech; rather it was written on an official document signed by the Ima`m Reza(A.S.) and al-Ma'mu`n, witnessed by high-ranking statesmen, and transmitted by a group of historical sources. Ibn al-Jawzi came to know of the document and said:

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Some of the Works of Imam Reza (A.S.)

Some of the Works of Imam Reza (A.S.) I do not think that I will be able in this research to do justice in recording all the rich aspects of the intellectual life of Imam al-Reza (A.S.), but I will try my best to provide a quick and clear idea about the intellectual output presented by the Imam for mankind in various fields of knowledge. Thus, we would be able from a distance to conduct a complete definition of the aspects of the portrait in which we can view the life style of Imam al-Reza (A.S.), having finished researching its historical side.

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Imam Reza (A.S.) and Regency to Caliphate

Imam Reza (A.S.) and Regency to Caliphate We are in front of an important historical event which busied the public opinion and stunned all political circles. The event is that al-Ma'mun appointed Imam al-Rida, peace be on him, as a heir apparent after him; it indicates that the succession would be taken from the 'Abbasids and handed over to their opponents, the 'Alawides; it astonished the people and they asked each other:

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Exegesis of Imam al-Reza(A.S.)

Exegesis of Imam al-Reza(A.S.) Imam al-Reza (A.S.) did not author a book on exegesis, but he explained the meanings of the verses about which he was questioned by others who wanted to know his views in their regard, and we will indicate here some such explanations in order to acquaint you with the magnificent method and innovative style of the Imam (A.S.) in this regard.

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Imam Reza's (A.S.) Journey from Medina to Marw

Imam Reza's (A.S.) Journey from Medina to Marw In the year 200 A.H./ 816 A.D., Mamun sent his maternal uncle Reja bin Zahhak from Marw to Medina with flattering letters of invitation for Imam Reza (A.S.) and a group of other Alavis and revolutionaries, to come to Marw. He also gave instructions to his uncle to show the utmost respect to Imam Reza (A.S.) and invite him to Khorasan.

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Imam Reza's Morals and Counsels

Imam Reza's Morals and Counsels The value of wisdom and moral is when it sets out of its leading springs to make its way in life to plant goodness, beauty, and love, and to uproot evil, corruption, and hatred. The individual who wishes to spiritually build his inner self wholly has to search for the wisdom whereby he discovers his shortcomings which distance him from virtuous humanity, and he has to look for the moral which brings him closer to his Lord and which deepens the roots of iman within him.

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Imam Raza's (A) Debate Concerning the Prophet's Family

Imam Raza's (A) Debate Concerning the Prophet's Family Yet this is another debate in which the Imam has provided evidence of that Allah chose the pure family (of the Prophet). The debate took place in the presence of al-Ma'mun and a group of scholars from Iraq and Khurasa`n. Al-Ma'mun asked the scholars about the meaning of this verse: "Then We gave the Book for an inheritance to those whom We chose from among Our servants."

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The Pledge of Allegiance to Imam Reza (A.S.)

The Pledge of Allegiance to Imam Reza (A.S.) Al-Ma'mun held a general popular festival attended by the ministers, the high-ranking statesmen, the commanders of the armed forces, and the rest of the people; at their head were the 'Alawides and the 'Abba`sids; the festival was held on Tuesday, the second day of the blessed month of Ramadan , in the year 201.

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The Unique Medical Dissertation by Imam Reza(A.S.)

The Unique Medical Dissertation by Imam Reza(A.S.) The sciences of Ima`m al-Reza`, peace be on him, were not confined to the precepts of Islamic law; rather they included all kinds of science of which was medicine. The Ima`m was unique in medicine, and the clear proof of that is this dissertation which al-Ma'mun called al-Risala al-Dhahabiya fi al-Tibb (the golden medical dissertation).

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The Scientific Progress during the Time of Imam Reza (A.S.)

The Scientific Progress during the Time of Imam Reza (A.S.) The time of Imam Reza, peace be on him, was called the Golden Time. It was the most brilliant and wonderful of all the times in Islamic history. That is because building prospered; agriculture developed; ............................

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Poets visit Imam Reza(A.S.)

Poets visit Imam Reza(A.S.) A group of the eminent Arab poets in that time visited Ima`m al-Rida`, peace be on him, blessed him, and congratulated him on his undertaking regency. Among them was the great poet, Di'bil al-Khaza`'i, who revolted against oppression and tyranny, expressed the sufferings of the oppressed and the deprived. One of them was the inspired poet, Ibra`him b. al-'Abba`s al-Sawli, the unique poet and proser of the time. And among them was the great poet Razï~n b. 'Ali, the brother of Di'bil al-Khaza`'i.

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Historical Aspect of the Imam Rida's (A.S.) Biography

Historical Aspect of the Imam Rida's (A.S.) Biography We have already indicated that one of the reasons which prompted al-Mamoon to bring Imam al-Rida (A.S.) to Khurasan and nominate him as his successor was to avoid a direct collision with the Alawides who were of the view that the Abbasides had monopolized authority and robbed them of their right to rule the Muslims. Al-Mamoon tried to deal with this problem which always used to push the Alawides to assault the government from time to time. Rebels were always inviting all fellow Alawides to join them in their rebellions, as was the case regarding the Abbasides when they moved against the Umayyad rule.

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Imam Reza (A.S.) and the Abbasid Caliphs

Imam Reza (A.S.) and the Abbasid Caliphs The Imam (A.S.) was contemporary to a short period of al-Rashid's regime during which he suffered the tragedy of the assassination of his father Imam Mousa al-Kazim (A.S.) and other Alawides. After the murder of his father, he was not safe from the moves of some of those who flattered the rulers and followed their course and pretended to show their loyalty by instigating enmity against the regime's opponents, encouraging their elimination, thinking that that would increase the rulers' liking for them and nearness to them, that it would strengthen their position and grant them unique distinctions and raise them to the highest pinnacles.

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Alhassanain(p) Network for Heritage and Islamic Thought